V. Papen became battalion commander of the 2. Batallion of Reserve Infantry Regiment No. 93 in the 4. Guards Infantry Division. He fought with his battailion at the Vimy Hill and at the Somme. During the Battle of the Somme, v. Papen became 1. Officier in the General Staff (chief of the operation department - Ia) of 4. Guards Infantry Division (October 6, 1916 - June 15, 1917). Subsequently he became Ia of the Army Group v. Falkenhayn and was sent to Palestine. In the spring of 1918 v. Papen was promoted lieutenant colonel and to the chief of general staff of the re-activated 4. Osmanian Army (general Cemal Pascha). The offensive in autumn 1918 by the British general Allenby and the breakdown of the Bulgarian front made Turkey request an armistice. The treaty of armistice were signed on October 30, 1918 in Mondros, and the Germans, including v. Papen, were interned in Moda. V. Papen escaped in December 1918 and arrived back in Germany on January 6, 1918.
Papen, Franz v. Der Wahrheit eine Gasse, Innsbruck: List,1952
Kurt, Gabriel, Die 4. Garde-Infanterie-Division. Der Ruhmesweg einer bewahrten Kampftruppe durch den Weltkrieg, Berlin: Klasing, 1920
Schlachten des Weltkrieges in Einzeldarstellungen. 2nd ed., Vol. 4, Oldenburg: Stalling, 1924
Sievers, Adolf, Reserve-Infanterie-Regiment 93. Geschichte eines Regiments im Weltkriege, Wilster: Schwarck, 1935