A Bibliography of Great War Medicine
This list comprises books relating to, or including, medical work in the First World War, together with a number of general books which set the scene. Its origin lies in the construction of a bibliography for a book on facial injury in the Great War, and the development of a library relating to medical services of that time to accompany the Gillies Archives at Queen Mary's Hospital, Sidcup. Those marked with an * are in the Gillies Library or in my own personal collection. Items marked with a + indicate that a copy of the relevant extract is in the archives. The annotations are personal comments. I would be grateful for notification of any significant omissions; in addition, details are sometimes sketchy for works taken from other bibliographies and amendments would be welcome.. Updates are posted regularly and include additions and deletions.
The Gillies Archive contains a number of contemporary papers on facial injury, many written by members of staff of the Queen’s Hospital. These are not included in this bibliography; with a few important exceptions, material that might be considered a pamphlet rather than a book has also been excluded.
In early 2002 I was contacted by Gary Mitchell of Rochester, NY, who has made a special study (and collection) of items relating to medical services from the USA. Rather than paste them into the main bibliography I have kept the entire section separate and there is therefore some duplication. A few of the entries would not qualify under my ground rules for inclusion, but are sufficiently comprehensive or important to be retained. Many have no listed author and, as researchers may well wish to search for units by number, I have retained Gary’s broad arrangement. The comments in this section are his.
1. Books related to the Frognal estate and the origins of the Queen’s Hospital at Sidcup, Kent, UK
2. Personal accounts which include reference to facial injury
3. Accounts by, or biographies of, doctors, nurses, ambulancemen and others involved in the care of the wounded soldier
4. Unit records or histories
5. Medical and nursing textbooks; texts on management & rehabilitation of disability
6. General books
7. Journals of hospitals and other units
8. Poetry and artistic representations of injury
9. Bibliographies, catalogues, theses etc
11. Russian material
1. Frognal and its origins
Dr Harris' History of Kent, 1719
A view of Frognal House with formal gardens at the time of its then owner, Roland Tryon, is one of the folio plates in this work
*E.Hasted. The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent.
W.Bristow, Canterbury, 1798
The standard historical survey of Kent, well illustrated with plates and a series of maps of the county hundreds. Two editions were published; the first, folio, edition was succeeded by a 12 volume Octavo edition with revisions. Frognal and its history is discussed
*W.H.Ireland. A New and Complete History of the County of Kent.
George Virtue, London, 1828
Contains a plate of Frognal after the formal gardens were replaced with a “Capability Brown” landscape, drawn by George Shepherd
*E.A.Webb, G.W.Miller, J.Beckwith. The History of Chislehurst: its church, manors and parish.
George Allen, London, 1899 (reprinted Baron Books for the Chislehurst Society, 1999)
*Frognal Estate Sale Catalogue. Strutt & Parker, 1915
Fully illustrated with photographs of Frognal House, its grounds, and the extensive farm and residential lots into which the estate had been divided
2. Books containing personal accounts of injury and the war
*Aitken A. Gallipoli to the Somme: Recollections of a New Zealand Infantryman
London, Oxford University Press, 1963
*Aldrich M. On the edge of the war zone.
London, Constable, 1918
*Alverdes P. The Whistlers’ Room (trans B. Creighton)
London, Martin Secker, 1929
A story of a German hospital room occupied by men injured in the throat, who have tracheostomies and thus “whistled” when attempting to speak. Classic account of hospital life
Anon. The Great Advance. Tales from the Somme Battlefield told by wounded officers and men on their arrival
at Southampton from the Front.
London, Cassell, 1916
*Anon. Wounded and a Prisoner of War (by an exchanged Officer).
Edinburgh & London, William Blackwood, 1916
Hit by a machine gun bullet at Bethancourt, this anonymous officer was captured during the retreat after Mons and imprisoned at Würtzburg. He was repatriated in 1915
*Armstrong WW. My first week in Flanders
London, Smith Elder & Co, 1916
A Captain in the Northumberland Fusiliers, he was wounded at St Julien on the 25th April 1916. The 1/7th Battalion sustained 470 casualties that day.
+Ashurst G (ed Holmes R) My Bit. A Lancashire Fusilier at War 1914-1918.
Marlborough, The Crowood Press, 1987
Contains a remarkable description of how the front line soldier dealt with lice
Blacker J (ed). Have you forgotten yet? The First World War memoirs of C.P.Blacker MC, GM
London, Leo Cooper, 2000
Blacker was wounded at the end of the war and describes his journey through the medical system with remarkable calm
*Boderke D (ed). Words from the Wounded. Injured Soldiers’ view of the Trenches of the First World War
A profusely illustrated book derived from two autograph books belonging to a nurse, Cissie Holden, of Blackburn, Lancs
Calthrop DC. The Wounded French Soldier.
St Catherine Press, 1916
*Carr W. A Time to Leave the Ploughshares. A Gunner Remembers 1917-18.
London, Robert Hale, 1985
Describes the facial injury of an artillery officer who had only arrived at the front a few hours before
*Carrington CE. Soldiers from the Wars Returning.
London, Hutchinson & Co, 1965
A classic account from an officer; robust, with no regrets. Very much a “Haig” man
London, Heinemann, 1916
Memoir of the retreat from Mons to the Aisne. The author appears to have been with the 2nd South Staffs, and was wounded in the head
*Cunningham T. 1914-1918: The Final Word
London, Stagedoor Publishing, 1993
Interviews with survivors, all at the time in their 90s or more (and with memories somewhat dimmed as a result) but including the account of a 104 year old lady ambulance driver
Dawson AJ. The Great Advance (Battle stories of wounded soldiers, recorded by A.J.D.)
London, Cassell, 1916
Eeman H. Captivité
Brussels, La Renaissance du Livre, 1984
Memoirs of a Belgian Ambassador. His captivity began on October 10, 1914. From October 15, he was in Soltau prisoner camp (Germany). Sick, he was in the camp hospital between April and July 1915. In 1917, he worked as a nurse in the hospital of the Cassel camp; finally, sick again, he was evacuated to Switzerland, like many sick prisoners. Scarce testimony of medical services in POW camps in Germany.
* Fraser of Lonsdale. My Story of St Dunstans
London, Harrap & Co, 1961
Ian Fraser was wounded and blinded at the age of 19 on July 23rd 1916. Treated at St Dunstan’s, he became its head on the death of its founder, Arthur Pearson, in 1924. While primarily a history of the institution it provides a moving record and personal insight into the lives of many men blinded by war.
Freinet C. Touché! Souvenirs d’un blessé de guerre
Atelier du Gué, 1996 (limited edition of 1000)
Célestin Freinet was the founder of the French educational movement “L’Imprimerie à l’école”; this slim volume was published to celebrate the 100th anniversary of his birth and records his wartime experience as a casualty
Genel R. Le Journal de mon Père.
Panazol / Paris, Lavauzelle 1990:
Presented by his son, this is the memoir of a soldier, mobilized in 1915, who fought in the infantry. Injured and paralyzed, he was cured by famous Prof. Babinsky (q.v.) using electric shock treatment. He joined the French Foreign Legion after the war and served in Morocco where he met Major Zinovi Pechkoff, son of Maxim Gorki, and Colonel Aage (Prince of Denmark and great grandson of King Louis-Philippe of France).
*Glubb J. Into Battle; A Soldier's Diary of the Great War.
London, Cassell, 1978
Glubb Pasha survived the war and his facial injury (treated at Sidcup, and described here in detail) to play a major part in Britain’s Middle East adventures after the war, although he later fell from favour.
*Hennebois C. Aux Mains De L'allemagne. Journal d'un grand blessé
Paris, Plon-Nourrit, 1919
*Kreisler F. Four weeks in the trenches
Boston & New York, Houghton & Mifflin, 1915
Fritz Kreisler, the eminent violinist, served briefly on the Russian Front with the Austrian army. His brief military career ended when a Cossack charge left him with a bayonet wound and a damaged shoulder (he was kicked by a horse). Kreisler’s wife was a nurse
de Lamandie H. Blessé, Captif, Délivré. (Wounded, captured and delivered)
Paris, Bloud et Gay, 1916
Lehmann F. Wir von der Infanterie. Tagebuchblätter eines bayerischens Infanteristen aus fünfjähriger Front- und Lazarettzeit (We Infantry. Leaves from a diary of a Bavarian infantryman who spent 5 years on the battle front and in a military hospital)
München, Lehmanns Verlag, 1929
*Leleux C. Feuilles de route d’un ambulancier
Paris, Berger-Levrault, 1915
+MacGill P. The Great Push.
London, Caliban Books 1984
+Martin B. Poor Bloody Infantry. A Subaltern on the Western Front 1916-17.
London, John Murray, 1987
*Mathieson WD. My Grandfather’s War.
Toronto: Macmillan, 1981
*Milne JS. Neurasthenia, Shell-Shock, and a New Life
Newcastle, R Robinson & Co, 1918
A slim “self help” manual by a sufferer, carefully and precisely written and with some reasonable advice, based on the bizarre premise that the brain has floated out of position in the skull, disturbing the correct flow of blood
*Morelli A. (in: Marie Sklodowska Curie et la Belgique). Marie Curie sur le front belge pendant la première guerre mondiale.
Brussels, Université Libre de Bruxelles, 1990
About the introduction of X-rays on the front in Belgium by Marie Curie
*Nichols A. Sons of Victory.
London, Waterlow & Sons (printers) 1950
A base camp instructor, he was blinded in a training accident while demonstrating demolition techniques; the explosive charge had mistakenly been fitted with an instantaneous fuse
*Nobbs G. Englishman Kamerad! Right of the British Line.
London, Heinemann, 1918
Nobbs served with the London Rifle Brigade (5th Londons) and was sniped from a German strongpoint during an attack, losing his right eye
*Tennant N. A Saturday Night Soldier's War 1913-1918.
Waddesdon, The Kylin Press, 1983
Tennant was wounded by a shrapnel fragment which passed through his nose and lodged below the right eye
3. Accounts by, or biographies of, doctors, nurses, ambulancemen and others involved in the care of the wounded soldier
*Abraham JJ. My Balkan Log
London, Chapman & Hall, 1922
J. Johnston Abraham’s description of his Serbian experience, illustrated with a number of photographs
*Abraham JJ. Surgeon’s Journey.
London, Heinemann 1957
Abraham was originally posted to Serbia, and thereafter served in Egypt, Sinai and Palestine
Alexinsky T. (trans Cannon G) With the Russian wounded
London, Fisher Unwin, 1916
*Allbee F. A Surgeon’s Fight to Rebuild Men
London, Robert Hale, 1950
Autobiography of the famous American pioneer of bone grafting, with extensive descriptions of his experience on the Western Front, including many observations on facial injury. He found time to write a monograph on bone grafts (q.v.) although this contains little of military interest
*Alport AC. The lighter side of the War
London, Hutchinson, 1934
Major Alport RAMC served in S. Africa, on the Salonika front and finally in France
*Anderson IW. Zigzagging
Boston, Houghton Mifflin, 1918
*Andrew, A. Piatt. Letters from France
Privately printed, 1916
This limited edition describes his own early experience as an ambulance driver and comments on war and its horrors. Andrew later became head of the American Field Service.
*Anon. Letters from a French hospital
London, Constable, 1917
Letters from an English nurse to her uncle describing events in 1915 and 1916
Anon. The Tale of a casualty clearing station
London, Blackwood, 1917
Anon. Le Faux Miroir. Reflections from the Urgency Case Hospital.
Ash & Co, 1917
*Anon. A War Nurse's diary: sketches from a Belgian field hospital
New York, Macmillan 1918
An illustrated account of nursing from the outbreak of war to the author’s departure from Belgium in October 1915
Anon. Happy Though Wounded: the book of the 3rd London Hospital
London, Country Life 1917
*Anon. “Mademoiselle Miss”. Letters from a American girl serving with the rank of Lieutenant in a French Army hospital at the front
Boston, WA Butterfield, 1916
Anon. Nursing adventures: a F.A.N.Y. in France
London, Heinemann, 1917
*Anon. (Sergeant-Major, RAMC). With the RAMC in Egypt.
London, Cassell, 1918
*Anon. The Edith Cavell Nurse from Massachusetts. Boulogne-The Somme 1916-1917
London, WA Butterfield, 1917
Following a memorial service for Edith Cavell in Boston, USA in December 1915 funds were raised to send a nurse to serve with the BEF in France. Miss Alice Fitzgerald, who had been head of the operating room at Bellevue Hospital, New York, was appointed to the post. This book contains an account of her experience, with a résumé of the trial of Edith Cavell and the involvement of the US government through the American Legation in seeking her release
Anon. “Doc”. Letters from Somewhere (by a captain in the R.A.M.C., from France and Egypt)
London, Heath Cranton, 1918
Anon. Two years’ Captivity in German East Africa. Being the personal experiences of Surgeon E.C.H., R.N.
London, Hutchinson, 1918
Anon. War Nurse. The True Story of a Woman who Lived, Loved and Suffered on the Western Front.
New York & Chicago, AL Burt Company, 1930
Illustrated with a series of stills from an “All-Talking Picture” made by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Anon. Kriegs-Erinnerungen eines Korps-Stabs-Apothekers (War memories of a pharmacist officer)
Mittenwald, n.d (c.1920)
Anon. Livre jubilaire publie en l'honneur du docteur Paul Derache, Lieutenant-general medecin, par ses élèves et ses collaborateurs de Cabour et de Beveren-sur-Yser en témoignage de reconnaissance et d'attachement
Paul Derache was, with Antoine Depage, the most famous Belgian doctor working near the battlefield during WW1.
*A Red Cross Pro. The Wards in Wartime
Edinburgh, Wm Blackwood & Sons, 1916
Amusing account of a provincial convalescent hospital
Arnold G. Sister Anne! Sister Anne! Stories of hospital work in France during the war
*Ashford BK. A Soldier in Science
London, Routledge, 1934
An American pathologist on the Western Front, 1917-18.
*Askew C, Askew A. The Stricken Land. Serbia as we saw it
London, Eveleigh Nash, 1916
The authors were writers attached to the 1st British Field Hospital. The Red Cross bibliography indicates that they were “outspoken in denunciation of the allies’ mismanagement of aid”
*Bagnold E. Diary without dates
New York, Luce, 1918
*Balfour, Lady F. Dr Elsie Inglis
London, Hodder& Stoughton, n.d.
Biography of the leading light of the Scottish Womens Hospitals
Barclay F.L.G. In hoc vince: the story of a Red Cross Flag
*Barclay HA. Doctor in France 1917-1919: The Diary of Harold Barclay, Lieutenant-Colonel, American
New York, privately printed 1923.
Bayly HW. Triple challenge; or, War, whirligigs and windmills, a doctor's memoirs
London, Hutchinson, 1935
Beadnell C Marsh. A Naval Medical Officer’s impressions of a visit to the Trenches
Bale & Danielssohn, 1917
Beauchamp P. Fanny goes to war
London, Murray 1919
*Beckmann M. Briefe im Kriege.
München, A. Langen – G. Müller, 1955
War letters of the well- known expressionist painter Max Beckmann who was a stretcher bearer in WWI
*Begg RC. Surgery on Trestles: a Saga of Suffering and Triumph
Norwich, Jarrold, 1967
Describes the Middle East theatre
Bennett AH. English Medical Women: glimpses of their work in peace and war
London, Pitman, 1914
Benson SC. 'Back from hell'
Chicago, McClurg, 1918
Bertrand de Laflotte D. Dans les Flandres. Dunkerque, Zuydcoote, Houten, Furnes, Coxyde, Adinkerke,
La Panne. Notes d'un volontaire de la Croix-Rouge, 1914-1915
Paris, Barcelone, Bloud / Gay, 1917
*Binyon L. For Dauntless France.
London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1918
Laurence Binyon served with an Ambulance Unit behind the French front
Bizard L. Souvenirs d'un médecin de la Prefecture de police et des prisons de Paris (1914-1918)
Paris, Grasset, 1925
*Black EW. Hospital heroes
New York, Scribner, 1919
*Blackham Col RJ. Scalpel, Sword and Stretcher.
London, Sampson Low, Marston and Co Ltd.,
*Borden, Mary. The Forbidden Zone.
London, William Heinemann, 1929
A moving account of nursing experiences
*Boschi G (ed.). La Guerra e le Arti Sanitarie. Collezione Italiana di diari, memorie, studi e documenti per servire alla storia della Guerra del mondo, diretta da Angelo Gatti (War and the sanitary arts. Collection of Italian diaries, memoirs, studies and documents relating to the Great War)
Milan, Montadori. 1931
*Botcharsky S, Pier F. They Knew How To Die. Being a Narrative of the Personal Experiences of a Red Cross
Sister on the Russian Front
London, Peter Davies, 1931
Front line hospital experiences
Boubée, l’Abbé Joseph. Parmi les blesses allemands (Among the wounded in Belgium in the first five months of war)
*Bowerman, GE Jr. (Ed. Carnes MC). The Compensations of War: The Diary of an Ambulance driver during the Great War
Austin, University of Texas Press, 1983
Bowerman served as an ambulance driver in France and Germany for a year and a half. This book is based on the recopied and amplified version of his diary which he prepared in 1919
*Boyd W. With a field ambulance at Ypres. Being letters written March 7-August 15, 1915.
Toronto, Musson Book Company, 1916
*Boyd-Orr, 1st baron. As I recall
London, Macgibbon & Kee, 1966
R.A.M.C. and Naval service. Some interesting observations on courts-martial for desertion; he suggests that many medical and other officers would use any excuse to find mitigating circumstances
Boylston HD. 'Sister': the war diary of a nurse
New York, Washburn, 1927
*Bradford M. A hospital letter writer in France
London, Methuen, 1920
The wife of Sir John Rose Bradford, Consulting Physician to the BEF, May Bradford sat by innumerable bedsides in Boulogne and Etaples writing letters to dictation for wounded soldiers. It is clear from her writing that the post of letter-writer (not one that is generally known about) entailed the provision of essential, if amateur, psychology services to the sick and injured
Breitner B. Unvervundet Gefangen - Aus meinem Sibirischen Tagebuch.
(A Prisoner, but not wounded. From my Siberian Diary)
Rikola Verlag, 1921
An account of a doctor’s experience as a POW in Siberia dealing with epidemic disease
*Britnieva, M. One woman's story
London, Barker, 1934
English born, Mary Britnieva served as a nurse on the Russian front where her husband was a medical officer. After the war he had several brushes with the G.P.U. before being arrested in 1928; two years later she was told that he had “disappeared”
Bruce C. Humour in tragedy, hospital life behind three Fronts
London, Skeffington, 1918
*Bradley AO. Back of the front in France.
London, Butterfield, 1918
*Bryan JH. Ambulance 464.
New York, Macmillan, 1918
Julian Bryan served with SSU 12
Bucher WE. Surgeon Errant
Los Angeles, Angeles Press, 1935.
Description of the 3rd American Red Cross Mission in Siberia 1918-1919.
*Buswell L. With the American Ambulance Field Service in France.
Privately Printed, Cambridge, MA. 1915.
*Buswell L. Ambulance No. 10: personal letters from the Front
London, Constable, 1917
Leslie Buswell served with SSU 2
*Butler HA. Overseas Sketches. Being a Journal of My Experiences in Service With the American Red Cross in France
Youngstown (OH), Privately Printed 1921
Privately printed memoirs in an edition of 300 of an American's service with the Red Cross in World War I.
Cahill AF (ed). Between the Lines:
Letters and Diaries from Elsie Inglis's Russian Unit
Bishop Auckland, Pentland Press, 1999
Calthorp DC. The Wounded French soldier
London, St Catherine Press, 1916
Campbell P. Back of the Front: experiences of a nurse
London, Newnes 1915
*Carossa H. A Roumanian Diary (Translated from the German by Agnes Neil Scott)
NY, Alfred A. Knopf 1930
In his “War Books”, Cyril Falls wrote: “The writer of this diary, the greater part of which is concerned with the campaign against Rumania, was a battalion medical officer...the descriptions of scenery,of the people of Transylvania, of scenes at an advanced dressing-station during a battle, of the writer's own thoughts and dreams, are masterly. It may be added that the translation is quite exceptionally good.”
*Catchpool TC. On two fronts.
London, Headley, 1918
Corder Catchpool was a conscientious objector
*Cator D. In a French military hospital
London, Longmans, 1915
A whimsical observation of work in a French hospital, seen through English eyes. There is scarce a good word for French professionals; the filth of the wards appears to pass unnoticed except by the fastidious English
Caujole P. Les Tribulations d'une Ambulance Française en Perse
Author's self publishing, 1959.
A French medical mission in the massacres in Caucasus and High-Euphrates, May 1917 - February 1919)
*Clarke-Kennedy A.E. Edith Cavell
London, Faber & Faber, 1965.
When the war broke out Edith Cavell was matron of Dr. Depages's Training School for Nurses in Brussels' Barkendalle Medical Institute; the Germans allowed her to continue her work and the Institute became a Red Cross Hospital at which German and Allied wounded were treated. She was executed on 12th October 1915 for aiding the escape of Belgian, French and British troops.
*Clarke RG. The Evolution of a Casualty Clearing Station on the Western Front.
Bristol, Bristol Medico-Chirugical Society 1936
Transcript of a paper presented to the Society at their Annual Meeting in 1936
Cobbold L. In Blue and Gray. Sketches of life in Red Cross Hospitals
*Cope Z. Almroth Wright, Founder of Modern Vaccine Therapy
London, Nelson, 1966.
Wright was instrumental in developing ant-typhoid vaccine
*Corbet E. Red Cross in Serbia 1915-1919. A personal diary of experiences
Banbury, Cheney & Sons, 1964
Nursing experiences from Salonika to Serbia
*Coyle ER. Ambulancing on the French front
New York: Britton 1918
Ibid. Field ambulance sketches
London, Lane, 1919
Coyle served with the Norton-Harjes Ambulance
Crémieux J. Souvenirs d'une Infirmière
Paris, Rouff (Coll. Patrie #52), 1918
Reminiscences of a French nurse at the beginning of WW1 (August 1914 - May 1915).
*Crichton-Harris A. Seventeen Letters to Tatham. A WW1 surgeon in East Africa
Toronto, Keneggy West, 2001
The only account I have seen of a medical man in this theatre, based on letters written by the author’s grandfather Temple Harris to his brother in India
*de Croy, Princesse M. Souvenirs, 1914-1918
Paris, Plon (Coll. Le Martyre des Pays envahis), 1933
A nursing memoir of a Belgian princess on the North Front. The same author appears also to have produced a 1914-15 memoir with a Flemish spelling (de Croij, Princesse M. Souvenirs 1914-1915; Paris, Plon, 1944)
*Culpin M. Psychoneuroses of War and Peace
Cambridge, University Press, 1920
*Cummings EE. The Enormous Room.
London, Jonathan Cape, 1928
Cummings served with the Norton-Harjes Ambulance and was arrested by the French, detailing his experiences in this book
*Cushing H. From a Surgeon's Journal 1915-1918.
London, Constable & Co., 1936
Probably the most famous account of surgery at the front by the distinguished American neurosurgeon
*Cutler GR (ed. CH Knickerbocker) Of Battles Long Ago
New York, Exposition Press, 1979
Dauzat A. Impressions et Choses Vues (Juillet - Décembre 1914). Les Préliminaires de guerre. Le carnet d'un infirmier militaire. Le journal de Barzac
Paris, Attinger, n.d.
Davies EC. Ward tales
London, Lane, 1920
*Dearmer M. Letters from a Field Hospital.
London, Macmillan, 1915
Mabel Dearmer was married to Percy, Canon of Westminster who was renowned as the author of the “English Hymnal”; she herself was an illustrator and writer of note. She died of enteric fever in Serbia on 11th July 1915. Her son Geoffrey was a minor war poet; his younger brother was killed in the Gallipoli campaign
*Dearden H. Medicine and duty. A war diary
London, Heinemann, 1928
Taking its title from the commonest prescription of a medical officer— the supply of some medicament and passing fit for duty— this is an often graphic description of the work of a front line battalion medical officer
Ibid. Time and chance
London, Heinemann, 1940
Dease A With the French Red Cross
New York, Kennedy 1917
Delaporte S (ed). Les carnets de l'aspirant Laby, Medécin dans les tranchées. 28 juillet 1914 - 14 juillet 1919 (Notebooks of Probationer Laby, doctor in the trenches, 28th July 1914 – 14th July 1919)
Paris, Bayard, 2001
*Dent O. A V.A.D. in France
London, Grant Richards Ltd, 1917
*Depage H. La Vie d’Antoine Depage
Brussels, La Renaissance du Livre, 1956
A limited edition biography of a famous Belgian doctor. Analysis of the book is necessarily limited (our version is uncut)
*Derby R. 'Wade in, Sanitary!', the story of a Division Surgeon in France
New York, Putnam, 1919
Derby was Division Surgeon to the Second Division, AEF, and describes a number of hospitals between the front line and Juilly, including the gas hospital (Field Hospital No 16) at Luzancy
*Dexter M. In the soldier's service
Boston, Houghton Mifflin, 1918
*Dixon J (intro). Little Grey Partridge
Aberdeen University Press, 1988
The First World War diary of Isobel Ross, who served with the Scottish Women’s Hospitals’ unit in Serbia
*Dixon TB. The Enemy Fought Splendidly
Poole, Blandford Press, 1983
Dixon served as Surgeon to HMS Kent at the Falklands, 1914-15
*Dolbey R.V. A Regimental Surgeon in War and Prison.
London, John Murray, 1917
MO with the KOSB. Captured at La Bassée during 1st Ypres
*Duhamel G. Vie des Martyrs 1914-16
Paris, Mercure de France, 1918
Translated (Simmons F) as *The New Book of Martyrs (New York, George H. Doran 1918). A moving account of injured French soldiers at hospitals near to the front line (in particular at Verdun), some of whom survived but many of whom did no (usually as the result of infection). Duhamel’s book is the medical equivalent of Henriette Rémi’s book “Hommes sans Visage”
*Dunham F, Haigh RH, Turner PW (Eds). The long carry. The journal of stretcher bearer Frank Dunham 1916-1918.
London, Pergamon Press, 1970
*Dunn JC. The War the Infantry Knew 1914-19
London, Janes Publishing, 1987
Dunn was medical officer to the 1st Battalion, Royal Welch Fusiliers, and served with Sassoon and Robert Graves. This book comprises the diaries of many men, as well as his own experiences. Hailed as the classic text on front line medical experience, it is often rather dull.
*von Eiselsberg A. Lebenseg eines Chirugen (A Surgeon’s Life)
Tyrolia Verlag, 1949
Memoirs of WW1 medical experience
*Estcourt Hughes J. Henry Simpson Newland. A biography
Melbourne, Royal Australasian College of Surgeons, 1972
Chapter V details Newland’s war experience as a plastic surgeon at Sidcup
Eeman H. Captivité
Brussels, La Renaissance du Livre, 1984
Memoirs of a Belgian Ambassador. From October 1914 he was in Soltau prisoner camp (Germany). Sick, he was sent to the hospital from April to July 1915. In 1917, he worked as a nurse in the hospital of the Cassel camp; finally, sick again, he was evacuated to Switzerland, like many sick prisoners. Scarce testimony of medical services in prison camps in Germany.
Eydoux Demains M. In a French hospital
London, Fisher Unwin, 1915
*Farmborough F. Nurse at the Russian Front. A diary 1914-1918
London, Constable, 1974
An interesting account illustrated by the author’s own photographs
*Finzi K. Eighteen Months in the War Zone. The record of a woman’s work on the Western Front
London, Cassell, 1916
A diary from October 1914 to February 1916, when Kate Finzi returned to England through ill-health
Fitzroy Y. With the Scottish Nurses in Roumania.
London, J. Murray, 1918.
*Florez, C de. No. 6: a few pages from the diary of an ambulance driver
New York, Dutton, 1918
Furse K. Hearts and Pomegranates: The Story of Forty-Five years 1875-1920.
London: Peter Davies, 1940.
Katherine Furse was Commandant in Chief of the Joint Women's VADs and several chapters relate to her work there
Gaelle R. Ces soutanes sous la mitraille. Scenes de guerre
Paris, Gautier, 1915
War account by a nurse-priest.
*Gallagher CJ (ed Mary E Malloy). The Cellars of Marcelcave: A Yank Doctor in the BEF
Shippensburg, PA, Burd Street Press, 1998
Gallagher describes the service of his grandfather Bernard from the Atlantic passage in late 1917 to the end of 1918. Serving in the front line, he was captured in the March 1918 retreat
Gervis H. Arms and the doctor, being the military experiences of a middle-aged medical man
London, Daniel, 1920
*Gibbs Sir P. Realities of War.
London, Heinemann, 1920
Observations of a War correspondent
*Gleason AH. With the first War ambulance in Belgium.
New York, Burt, 1918
Gleichen H. Contacts and contrasts: experiences of a nurse with the Italian Armies
London, Murray, 1940
*Gosse P. Memoirs of a Camp Follower
London, Longmans, 1935.
Life as a Medical Officer on the Western Front and in India.
*Gower M F Duchess of Sutherland. Six weeks at the war
London, The Times, 1914
*Grow MC. Surgeon Grow, an American in the Russian fighting
New York, Stokes, 1918
Malcolm Grow chose to join a front line Russian surgical team; some of his exploits, including a trench raid, were perhaps unethical! A vivid account of fighting on the Eastern Front
*Gray T. Hospital days in Rouen
London, Cowans & Gray, 1919
*Greeman E. Grandpa’s War. The French adventures of a World War 1 Ambulance driver
New York, Writers and Readers Publishing, 1992
*Groc L. Les brancardiers du Bois le prêtre (Stretcher-bearers of Priests Wood)
(France), Rouff (Coll. Patrie #94), 1918
Gsell P. Edith Cavell
Paris, Larousse, 1916
*Gummer S. The Chavasse Twins
London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1963
The story of Noel Chavasse, VC and bar, and his twin brother Christopher, who became Bishop of Rochester
Hand-Newton CT. A Physician in Peace and War
Christchurch, NM Peryer, 1967
Harden HSS. Faenza Rest Camp: a story of the Mediterranean L. of C.
London, Hutchinson, 1920
*Harmer M. The Forgotten Hospital
Chichester, Springwood Books, 1982
By the son of Dr William Harmer, who worked at the Anglo-Russian Hospital established by Lady Muriel Paget. The hospital had a field arm and a base in Petrograd
Harrison CH. With the American Red Cross in France, 1918 1919
Chicago, Seymour 1947
*Hays HM. Cheerio!, an American medical officer with the British Army
New York, Knopf, 1919
*Herringham Sir W. A Physician in France.
London, Edward Arnold, 1919
A senior physician who intersperses his medical experiences with astute observations on France and the French
*His W. German doctor at the Front
Harrisburg, National Service, 1933
Originally published as Die Front der Ärzte, Bielefeld, Velhagen und Klasing, 1931
*Hoehling AA. Edith Cavell
London, Cassell & Co, 1958
*Hungerford E. With the doughboy in France: a few chapters of an American effort
New York, Macmillan 1920
Hutton IE. With a woman's unit in Serbia, Salonika and Sebastopol
London, Williams & Norgate 1928
Ibid. Memories of a Doctor in War and Peace
London, Heinemann, 1960
Chapters 14-19 cover her WW1 experience
*Hutchinson W. The Doctor in war
Boston, Houghton Mifflin, 1918
The author visited and studied medical arrangements on the Western Fronts in 1917, writing this account of medical experience. One chapter entitled “New Faces for Old” outlines some facial surgery techniques. It is comprehensive, but marred by repetition and a virulent writing style in which women are patronised and the Hun is vilified. Special loathing and contempt is reserved for prostitutes; he quotes “experimental examinations” that show up to three-quarters as being feeble minded, and suggests that if detected early (by screening tests between the ages of nine and eleven) they could be segregated and educated in special colonies until the age of forty-five.
*Huxtable C. From the Somme to Singapore: A Medical Officer in two World Wars
London, Kangaroo Press, 1987 (Costello ed 1988)
Huxtable served with the 2nd Battn, Lancashire Fusiliers
Imbrie RW. Behind the wheel of a war ambulance
New York, McBride, 1918
*Javal A. La Grande Pagaïe (1914-1918)
Paris, Denoël, 1937
Jeans TT. Reminiscences of a Naval Surgeon
London, Sampson Low, 1927.
Surgeon Rear-Admiral on hospital ship in Turkey.
*Jobson A. Via Ypres: the story of the 39th Divisional Field Ambulance
London, Westminster City, 1935
*Judd JR. With the American Ambulance in France
Honolulu, Star-Bulletin Press, 1919
An interesting book (with graphic cover), Judd describes his work at the American Hospitals at Neuilly and Juilly, and incorporates a number of eyewitness accounts of injury
*Kay S. Froth and Bubble
Sydney, privately printed, 1918
A small pamphlet describing a few episodes of hospital work (largely in the Middle East) written by a major in the AAMC
Keynes G. The Gates of Memory
Oxford & New York, 1981
Autobiography of Sir Geoffrey Keynes, surgeon and bibliophile, who was related by marriage to the Darwin family and had a large circle of friends and acquaintances including Rupert Brooke (for whose literary estate he was Trustee) and Siegfried Sassoon. Chapter 11 relates his WW1 surgical experience
*King H. One Woman at War. Letters of Olive King 1915-1920
Melbourne, University Press 1986
Letters of an independent-minded Australian girl. After working in France and the Balkans with the Scottish Womens’ Hospitals she joined the Serbian army as a driver attached to the Medical Service based in Salonika
*Klein F. The Diary of a French Army Chaplain.
London, Andrew Melrose Ltd, 1915
ibid. La Guerre vue d'une Ambulance
Paris, A. Colin, 1915
Account of the first months of WW1 at American Ambulance in Neuilly. Not seen, but possibly the original French version of the first
*Koch HB. Militant Angel
NY, Macmillan Company 1951
Biography of Annie W. Goodrich, suffragist and pacifist, and the organizer and dean of the Army School of Nursing (created in 1918). Pages 83-112 cover U.S. Army nursing during World War I and the Army School of Nursing.
*La Motte EN. Backwash of war
New York, Putnam, 1934
*de Launoy J. Infirmieres de Guerre en Service Commandé (front de 14 a 18).
Bruxelles, L’Édition Universelle, no date
The preface indicates this was written in 1937. In diary form, it recounts work at La Panne and Vinckem with Dr Antoine Depage
*Laveille ESJ. Au service des blesses, 1914-1918
Bruxelles-Paris, Action Catholique-Libr. Giraudon, 1923:
Life and death of 13 very young Belgian Jesuits killed during World War I, during which they served as stretcher-bearers in the Belgian Army.
*Layton TB. Sir William Arbuthnot Lane, Bt. An enquiry into the mind and influence of a surgeon
Edinburgh, Livingstone, 1956
Arbuthnot Lane was head of army surgery in the Great War, and instrumental in supporting Gillies and the development of a specialist facial injury hospital at Sidcup
*Lee RI. Letters from Roger I.Lee, Lt. Col, U.S. Army Medical Corps, 1917-1918.
Privately Printed, Brookline, MA, 1962.
Leneman L. Elsie Inglis
Edinburgh, NMS Publishing, 1998
Modern biography of the founder of the Scottish Womens Hospitals
Leng W St Q. S.S.A.10: notes on the work of a British Volunteer Ambulance convoy with the French Army
The author was a volunteer ambulance driver with the 2nd French Army (of Verdun), and was awarded the Croix de Guerre
*Léri A. Les Commotions et emotions de Guerre
Paris, Masson, 1918
Describes cases of early psychoneurosis & discusses the relation between physical and mental causes
Lesceux H. Sous le signe de la Croix-Rouge. Journal d'un brancardier de la Grande Guerre
Chimay (Belgium), Hubert-Macq, 1961
Lewis TE. Twelve months in an Army Hospital
Washington DC, Gruver, 1921
*Livingston St C, Steen-Hansen I. Under three flags: with the Red Cross in France
London, Macmillan 1916
Lord JR. The story of the war hospital, Epsom
London, Heinemann, 1920
*Luard KE. Unknown Warriors.
London, Chatto & Windus, 1930
*Lucas EV. Outposts of mercy: the record of a visit in 1916 to the various units
of the British Red Cross in Italy
London, Methuen 1917
A tiny card backed book by a famous travel write. He notes that there was a facial injury hospital at Udine, but no records appear to survive relating to this
Martin K. Father Figures: A Volume of Autobiography.
London, Hutchinson 1966
Kingsley Martin inherited from his father the faith that individual conscience comes before State, or Party or worldly success. A passionate pacifist in WWI, he was a member of the Friends' Ambulance Unit, and describes the strange life of an ambulance orderly in France in 1917-18. In the years that followed he attended Cambridge and after taking his degree he went into teaching and writing on the illusion of power to be won in politics.
McCombe J, Menzies AF. Medical service at the Front
Philadelphia, Lea, 1918
McDougall, G. A nurse at the war: nursing adventures in Belgium and France
New York, McBride, 1917
Maclaren ES. Elsie Inglis, the Woman with the Torch (Pioneers of Progress series)
London, S.P.C.K, 1920.
*Macnaughtan S. A woman's diary of the war
London, Nelson, 1915
*Macnaughton S. My war experiences in two continents
London, John Murray, 1919
Macqueen JM. Our war, being the experiences in France of a specialist sanitary officer
Halesowen, MacQueen, 1931
Magnien J. Le 6ème bataillon de chasseurs a pied de Vincennes, 1914-1918. Feuilles de route de l'ancien Sergent Brancardier
Paris, Almanach du Combattant, no date (1936)
*von Malade T. ."Feldarzt". von Amiens bis Aleppo
Munich, Lehnann's 1930
Malade was an surgeon [Feldarzt] with the German Army; this is his diary which begins in August 1914 with the invasion of France and ends in Mesopotamia in 1917. In between he served in Russia, Lorraine, Turkey, and the Dardanelles, etc.
*Malcolm I. War pictures behind the lines
New York, Dutton, 1915
*Manion RJ. A surgeon in arms
New York, Appleton, 1918
Experiences of a Canadian RAMC officer who served (according to a pencilled addendum in our copy) in the 21st Battalion, CEF
*Martin AA. A Surgeon in Khaki
London, Arnold, 1915
Martin worked at the No 6 Hospital, Rouen
*Martin P-A. Albert Martin (1866-1948). Souvenirs d’un chirurgien de la Grande Guerre
Luneray, Editions Bertout, 1996
Based on Martin’s diaries. He was a friend and colleague of Georges Duhamel (q.v.)
*Martin Nicholson, Sister. My experiences on three Fronts
London, Allen & Unwin, 1916
Matthews G. Experiences of a Woman Doctor in Serbia
Mills & Boon, 1916
Caroline Matthews served with the Serbian Army Field Unit, staying behind at the evacuation of Kragujevatz and staying at the Uzsitei Hospital
Maugny, Comtesse Clément de. Au Royaume du Bistouri
Geneva, Henn, n.d.(1919)
Album of cartoons about life of nurses at the front. Preface by Marcel Proust (who published nothing during the war)
*Members of Her Majesty Queen Alexandra’s Imperial Nursing Service.
Reminiscent Sketches 1914 to 1919
London, John Bale, Sons & Danielsson Ltd, 1921
Muenier P-A. L'angoisse de Verdun. Notes d'un conducteur d'auto-sanitaire
Nancy, Presses Universitaires, 1991: Second ed. (First ed.: 1919)
*Millard S. I saw them die
London, Harrap, 1936
Memoir of a US nurse written around her 1918 diary and based on experience of a hospital eight miles behind the front
Mills, AH. Hospital days
London, Fisher Unwin, 1916
Mitchell C van S. With a military ambulance in France, 1914 1915
Princeton NJ, Princeton Banner Press, 1915
*Mitton GE (ed). The cellar house of Pervyse
London, A&C Black, 1917
Describes the work of Baroness de T’Serclaes and Mairi Chisholm, who set up an advance first aid post for the Belgian Army in Flanders
Monmpezat M. Ambulance H24
Paris, Gallimard, 1930
Account of a military ambulance during WW1.
*Moran, Lord. The Anatomy of Courage.
London, Constable & Co, 1945
An essay of great stature on courage, and the lack of it. Charles Wilson, Lord Moran, served with the Royal Fusiliers for two years before being posted to a base hospital
Moon ERP. Four weeks as acting Commandant at the Belgian Field Hospital
London, Humphreys, 1915
*Moore W. The thin yellow line
London, Leo Cooper, 1974
*Moynihan M (Ed). A Place called Armageddon. Letters from the Great War
Newton Abbot, David & Charles, 1975
Contains a chapter about Capt J.S.S. Martin, RAMC, who was present during the siege of Kut
Muir JR. Years of Experience
London, Paul Allen, 1936.
Surgeon Rear-Admiral Muir’s experience was in England and the North Sea fleet
*Muir W. The Happy Hospital.
London, Simpkin, Marshall, Hamilton, Kent & Co., 1918
*Muir W. Observations of an Orderly
London, Simpkin, Marshall, Hamilton, Kent & Co., 1917
Two brilliantly written accounts of work at the 3rd London General Hospital, Wandsworth, London. Muir was also Editor of the hospital’s journal, in which “The Doings of Donovan” first appeared.
*Munthe A. Red Cross and Iron Cross
London, John Murray, 1916
Axel Munthe was author of “The Story of San Michele”, his postwar retreat on the island of Capri
*Munthe G, Uexkull G. (trans.M Munthe & Lord Sudley). The story of Axel Munthe.
New York, E.P Dutton & Co, 1953.
Axel Munthe served with the Red Cross at the front during World War I, and was author of Red Cross and Iron Cross (q.v.). Gustaf Munthe was his son.)
*“My Sergeant”. Mildmay Park. Episodes of a Doughboy in a London Hospital
Boston, Richard G Badger, 1920
The cover introduction begins “”A book with a distinctly French flavor which glides lightly and daringly over the little love adventures of an ingenuous American doughboy while convalescing in a London Hospital”. Mostly about the girls he fancied, and women of the street, and full of lust
Nasmith GG. On the fringe of the great fight
New York, Doran, 1918
N.D.M. Two Years After. Or Twelve Months of Armageddon. Some reminiscences of a Temporary Regimental
Printed for private circulation only, 1918
*O Brian AL. No glory: Letters from France, 1917 1919
Buffalo, Airport, 1936
*Orcutt PD. White road of mystery: the note book of an American ambulancier
London, Lane, 1918
Osburn AC. Unwilling passenger
London, Faber & Faber, 1932
Norec A. Miss Cavell, Heroine et Martyre
Paris, Rouff (Coll. Patrie #3), 1917
*“The Padre”. Fifty Thousand Miles on a Hospital Ship.
London, The Religious Tract Society, 1917
Experiences of a hospital ship chaplain in the Mediterranean
*Paget S. Sir Victor Horsley
London, Constable, 1919.
Biography of Sir Victor Horsley, who was a consultant to the Expeditionary Force in Egypt and Mesopotamia.
Platoon Commander (pseud). Hospital days
London, Unwin, 1916
Plenz PG. Kriegsbriefe eines Feldarztes der Armee Hindenburg (War letters from a field doctor in Hindenburg’s army)
Poisot M. Mon journal de guerre: 1914-1918
WW1 personal narrative of a French doctor. Facsimile of the manuscript.
*Pound R. Gillies: Surgeon Extraordinary.
London, Michael Joseph, 1964
The biography of Sir Harold Gillies, chief surgeon at the Queen’s Hospital, Sidcup, and regarded as the father of 20th Century plastic surgery
Prentice S. Padre: A Red Cross Chaplain
New York, Dutton, 1919
*Ramsay J (Capt RAMC). The Outside Edge of Battle. Some recollections of a Casualty Clearing Station
Blackburn, The Standard Press, 1919
The author was attached to the East Lancs (64 CCS) in 1917
*Ray AC (ed) “R.A.L.” Letters of a Canadian Stretcher Bearer
Boston, Little, Brown & Co, 1918
R.A.L. saw service at No 3 Canadian General Hospital at Boulogne before moving up to the front. He was gassed near Lens on 23rd August 1917. A remarkably frank account, no holds barred
*Reckitt HJ. V.R.76, a French military hospital
London, Heinemann, 1921
+Rémi H. Hommes sans visage.
Lausaunne, SPES, 1942
In this short paperback Henriette Rémi describes her experiences as a nursing assistant at an unnamed French hospital for facial injuries. The descriptions of the torment endured by the injured as they face rejection by their loved ones is harrowing in the extreme
Riemann H. Schwester der Vierten Armee. Ein Kriegstagebuch. (Sister in the Fourth Army: a diary)
Berlin, Karl Vogels Verlag, 1930
Rice PS. An American crusader at Verdun
Princeton, Princeton UP, 1918
(previously published as: An ambulance driver in France)
Robinson, W J. My fourteen months at the front: an American's baptism of fire
London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1916
Roger N.. Carnets d’une infirmière
Paris, Attinger, 1916
*Rorie D. A Medico's Luck in the War.
Aberdeen, Milne & Hutchinson, 1929
Served with the 51st (Highland) Division, and describes Givenchy, Beaumont Hamel, Cambrai and the battles of 1918
*Roussel-Lepine J. Une Ambulance de Gare. Croquis des premiers jours de guerre
Paris, Plon, 1916
Description of a hospital in the Ile de France
*Rutherford NJC. Memories of an Army Surgeon
Recollections from Salonika
*Sandes F. The Autobiography of a Woman Soldier. A brief record of adventure with the Serbian army 1916-1919
New York, Frederick A Stokes, 1928
Schwander M. Dans la Tourmente. Avec les Belges pendant la Guerre mondiale (septembre 1914 - décembre 1915)
Paris-Neuchatel, ca. 1919
The author was a nurse, member of the "Alliance Suisse des Gardes-Malades".
*Sergeant ES. Shadow shapes, the journal of a wounded woman, October 1918 May 1919
Boston, Houghton Mifflin, 1920
Shield H. War Diary, 12 August-25 October, 1914.
Privately printed, 1915
A dramatic account of the retreat from Mons. The author, a medical officer, was killed on 26 October.
Shiveley GJ (ed). Record of the S.S.U.585 Yale ambulance unit with the French
Army 1917 1919
New York, Brick Row, 1920
Sinclair M. A journal of impressions: record of experiences with a field ambulance in the autumn of 1914.
London, Hutchinson, 1915
*Souttar HS. A Surgeon in Belgium.
London, Edward Arnold, 1915
Experiences with the Belgian Field Ambulance service
*Smith LN. Four Years out of Life
London, Philip Allan, 1921
Nursing experiences on the Western Front, illustrated by the Author’s own atmospheric woodcuts
*Speakman MAV. Memories. Experiences of American hospital service in France
Wilmington, The Greenwood Bookshop, 1937
Written by the wife of Dr William Speakman, a dental surgeon who served with the AEF following volunteer service in France. Contains a description of facial injuries that Speakman encountered at Neuilly, and personal accounts of the soldiers who were so injured
Spearing EM. From Cambridge to Camiers under the Red Cross
Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1917
*Spiegl P (ed). Elsie Fenwick in Flanders. The Diaries of a Nurse 1915-1918
Stamford, Spiegl Press, 1980
Elsie Fenwick served with the Red Cross at La Panne, beginning as a probationer and finishing as head sister on a surgical ward of 80 beds
*“Staff Nurse”. “Scottie” and some others.
London, W&R Chambers, 1919
Portraits of patients
*Stephenson W. A Memoir of the Rev. W.H.Norman M.A.
privately printed, n.d.
A sergeant in the RAMC, Norman had served in France during 1915-16 until invalided by neuritis and rheumatism. He was lost at sea while returning to service in Egypt on the Transylvania when it was torpedoed in the Mediterranean on 4th May 1917
*Stevenson WY. At the Front in a Flivver
Boston & New York, Houghton & Mifflin, 1917
Account by the financial editor of a Philadelphia newspaper of his experiences as an ambulancier with the French from March to December 1916. A subsequent book, “From Poilu to Yank” details his subsequent war service. He ended the war as head of Section I
Stimson JC. Finding themselves: the letters of an American Army Chief Nurse in a British Hospital in France
New York, Macmillan, 1919; 2nd printing 1927
Stobart MA. The Flaming Sword in Serbia and elsewhere
Hodder & Stoughton, 1916
Sturzenegger (G.) La Serbie en guerre, 1914-1916. episodes vecus par une suissesse allemande au service de la Croix-Rouge
*Swayne ML. In Mesopotamia
London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1918
Taylor H. A Scottish Nurse at work. Being a record of what one semi-trained nurse has be privileged to see and do during four and a half years of war
London, Lane, 1920
Thompson B. Four months in Italy in wartime
London, Lane, 1920
*de T’Serclaes, Baroness. Flanders and Other Fields
London, George Harrap, 1964
Autobiography detailing front line nursing in Belgium (Chapters 4-11)
Teichman O. Diary of a Yeomanry M.O., Egypt, Gallipoli, Palestine and Italy
London, Fisher Unwin, 1921
*Thayer WR et al. The Edith Cavell Nurse from Massachusetts: A Record of One Year's Personal Service with the B.E.F. in France
Boston, W.A Butterfield, 1917
*Thurston V. Field Hospital and Flying Column. Being the Journal of a Nursing Sister in Belgium & Russia
London & New York, G.P.Putnam’s Sons, 1916
Violetta Thurston was in Brussels when the German forces arrived and continued nursing duties until sent across Germany to Denmark, thence to Poland and Russia, where she was slightly wounded by a German bomb.
*Thurston V. The Hounds of War Unleashed. A Nurse’s account of life on the Eastern Front during the 1914-1918 war.
Cornwall, United Writers, 1978
van Tienhoven A. Avec les Serbes, 1914-16. Journal de guerre d'un chirurgien
*Tilton, M. The Grey Battalion.
Sydney, Australia, Angus & Robertson, 1934.
The experiences of an Australian Army Nursing Sister during World War I, 1915 to 1918
*Toland ED. The aftermath of battle: with the Red Cross in France
London, Macmillan, 1916
Posted to the hospital established in the Majestic Hotel, Paris, Toland describes the early management of facial injuries, the effects of delay in treatment, and tetanus before anti-tetanic serum became available. He later transferred to the Harjes Ambulance Corps. One recollection is of being asked, in the operating theatre, to light a cigar to hide the smell of a septic wound
*Tubby AH. A Consulting Surgeon in the Near East
London, Christophers, 1920
The Author served in the Mediterranean and Egyptian Expeditionary Forces between 1915 and 1919
*Ussher CD, Knapp GH. An American Physician in Turkey: A Narrative of Adventures in Peace And in War
Boston, Houghton Mifflin Company, 1917.
Reprint version by JC & AL Fawcett, 1990
Van Bergen L. Zacht en eervol, Lijden en sterven in een Grote Oorlog. (Gentle and honourful, suffering and dying in the Great War)
Den Haag & Antwerpen, Standaard Uitgeverij, 1999
Van Den Steen (Comtesse). Mon Journal d’Infirmière aout-novembre 1914.
Bruxelles, Office de Publicité, 1937
War diary of a leading nurse on the Belgian front and in Poperinghe
Vivian ECH. With the Royal Army Medical Corps at the Front
Daily Telegraph War Books, 1914
*Voigt FA. Combed Out.
London, Jonathan Cape, 1920 (Travellers’ Library ed.1929)
Contains a graphic account of orderly work in a CCS
*Voivenel P. (ed Canini G). A Verdun avec la 67 DR
Nancy, Presses Universitares de Nancy, 1991
*Walker HFB. A Doctor's Diary in Damaraland
London, E.Arnold, 1917.
The story of a mounted Brigade Field Ambulance with Gen. Botha in 1915.
Watkins OS. With French in France and Flanders. Being the experience of a chaplain attached to a Field Ambulance
London, Charles H. Kelly, 1915
The author accompanied the 14th Field Ambulance from mobilisation in August 1914 to Ypres in 1915
*Watson F. The Life of Sir Robert Jones.
Baltimore, William Wood & Co, 1934.
Sir Robert Jones (1857-1933) was a pioneer in surgery and orthopaedics. There is much material on his work with disabled soldiers in World War I.
Weihmann M. In allen Saetteln. Reiterbuch eines deutschen Artzes (On all saddles. Riding book of a German doctor)
Leipzig, Paul List, 1937
The author rode with artillery which fought against T. E. Lawrence.
Weiss L. Memoires d'une Europeenne Petite Fille du Siècle 1893-1919
Paris, Albin Michel, 1978
First of six volumes of memoirs of one of the women of this century who were the most involved in the political and artistic history of Europe. Pp 171-233 are devoted to her WW1 nursing experience
*Wenzel M, Cornish J. Auntie Mabel’s War. An account of her part in the Hostilities of 1914-18
The story of Mabel Jeffery, who served as a nurse in Northern France and the Balkans with the Scottish Women’s Hospital
*Werner MR. “Orderly!”
New York, Jonathan Cape and Harrison Smith, 1930
Life in a Normandy base hospital during 1917-1919
Westerdale TLB. Under the Red Cross flag
London, C.H.Kelly 1915
*Westmann S. Surgeon with the Kaiser’s Army
London, Wm Kimber, 1968
Westmann settled in England, but this book relates his experiences in the German front line
A thorough study of German wounded , their rehabilitation and support services between the wars. It is a sad tale; “organised benevolence failed partly because it was torpedoed by Germany’s governing elites in the early 1930s”
Wight OB (ed). On active service with Base Hospital U.S. Army, March 20, 1918,
to May 25, 1919
Portland, Arcady 1919
*Wilder A. Armageddon Revisited.
New Haven & London, Yale University Press, 1994
Amos Wilder’s initial experience of the war was as an ambulance driver on the Western Front and in Macedonia
*Wilson RM. Doctor's Progress
London, Eyre & Spottiswoode, 1938.
Autobiography of a doctor turned journalist. Wilson was “extracted” from medicine by Lord Northcliffe and became a British war correspondent in France. Initially turned down for active service because of a heart murmur he was later accepted into the R.A.M.C. and worked with James Mackenzie on cardiac problems and with Byam and others on trench-fever. This work was published by R.P. Strong (q.v.)
*Winant C. A Soldier's Manuscript.
Boston, Privately Printed, 1929.
Cornelius Winant served as an ambulance driver in France during World War I, and was twice imprisoned in German prison camps.
*Winthrop Young G. The Grace of Forgetting
London, Country Life, 1953
Writer and war correspondent, Young was moved by the plight of Ypres and joined the Friends Ambulance Unit, working both in Ypres and on the Italian Front
*Wolfrom M (Marthe Amalbert). Geneviève Hennet de Goutel
Paris, Gabriel Beauchene, 1926
Geneviève Hennet de Goutel was a nurse on several battle fronts during WWI. She died following a febrile illness in Romania
Young FB. Marching on Tanga (With General Smuts in East Africa)
London, Collins, 1917
Francis Brett Young was medical officer to the 2nd Rhodesian Regiment
*Young J. With the 52nd (Lowland) Division in Three Continents.
Edinburgh, W. Green, 1920
Memoir by the commanding officer of the 1/3rd Lowland Field Ambulance, originally published as a series of articles in the Edinburgh Medical Review and covering service at Gallipoli and in Egypt and Palestine
*Zenna Smith H. “Not so Quiet…”. Stepdaughters of War
London, Albert E. Marriott, 1930
4. Services, Unit records or histories
*Allison RS. The Surgeon Probationers
Belfast, Blackstaff Press, 1979
Story of the rapidly trained group of medical assistants, many of them medical students, recruited into the Royal Navy to make up medical numbers. Contains a reproduction of a handbook produced for them by Staff Surgeon Willan
*Adami, JG. War Story of the Canadian Army Medical Corps. Vol. I: the first contingent (to the autumn of 1915)
Toronto, Musson Book Company Ltd., c. 1918.
*Alper H (ed). A History of Queen Mary’s University Hospital, Roehampton
Privately printed, Richmond, Twickenham & Roehampton Healthcare NHS Trust, n.d.
Chapters 1 & 2 describe the work of the hospital in WW1 and after; it was the main hospital for men who had lost limbs, and the Queen's Hospital Sidcup was modelled on it, with its residual work (and resources) being moved there in 1925. After WW2 Harold Gillies developed plastic surgical work at Roehampton
*American Field Service Archives of WW1 (Bibliography and Index in World History, No 16)
American Field Service Archives and Museum, Ld. Geller 1989
*Ames F. American Red Cross work among the French people.
New York, Macmillan, 1921
Angetter CD. Dem Tod geweiht und doch gerettet Die Sanitäts versorgung am Isonzo und in dem Dolomiten 1915-18. (Doomed to die, yet saved: Medical care on the Isonzo river and in the Dolomites)
Frankfurt, Peter Lang GmbH Europäische Verlag der Wissenschaften, 1995
Medical treatment on the Italian Front
*Anon. A Train Errant. Being the experiences of a Voluntary Unit in France and an anthology from their magazine.
Hertford, Simson & Co, 1919
A record of No 16 Ambulance Train, presented to the British Red Cross by the United Kingdom Flour Millers, and crewed by the Friends’ Ambulance. Numerous illustrations, several in colour. From August 1915 to January 1919 it transported 157,562 patients; its busiest day was on 3rd May 1917, when it carried 824 injured.
*Anon. Souvenir of London and the 3rd London
Photo Press, 1921
A specially prepared book of London photographs with a central insert of pictures of the 3rd London General Hospital, Wandsworth. The photographs are of particularly high quality; the ”onion skin” interleaves bear small drawings of patients and staff and are in our copy signed by members of staff
Anon. Air Service Medical. Report of the War Department, Air Service, Division of Military Aeronautics, Washington,
Washington, Government Printing Office, 1919
*Anon. WAAC. The woman’s story of the War.
London, T. Werner Laurie Ltd.1930
*Anon. No.3 Canadian General Hospital (McGill) in France (1915, 1916, 1917). Views illustrating life & scenes in the hospital with a short description of its origin, organisation and progress
Middlesbrough, England 1918
A scarce booklet including dozens of photographic illustrations. It includes a memorial page to Edward Revere Osler, who served with this unit.
*Anon. A History of No.7 (Queen's) Canadian General Hospital: March 26th, 1915 - Nov 15th, 1917
Queen's University, 1917
*Anon. Friends of France. The Field Service of the American Ambulance described by its members
Boston & New York, Houghton Mifflin Company 1916
A racy history, profusely illustrated
*Anon. Diary of Section VIII, American Ambulance Field Service
Boston (Privately printed) 1917
The volunteer ambulance drivers of Section 8 worked on the Western Front with the 6th Army Corps of the 12th Division of the 4th Army
Anon. U.S. Army Base Hospital No. 4, and U.S. Army Mobile Hospital No. 5. “Album de la Guerre.”
Cleveland, Scientific Illus. Studios, 1919.
500 photographs, 70 drawings, & 13 articles by members of base hospital no.4, U.S.A. Published as a limited edition
Anon. A record of the Third East Anglian Field Ambulance 1914-1919
Privately printed, n.d
Anon. A Record of the 362nd Field Hospital Company, 316th Sanitary Train, 91st Division, United States Army.
Anon. History of US Army Base Hospital 107: 1918-1919
Paris, Fortin Nevers, n.d
A 24 page book which contains a complete unit personnel roster including transfers, Red Cross workers, civilian dietician and the April roster of the assignment of commissioned personnel & administrative enlisted force. This includes US Army serial numbers as well as hometown address.
Anon. Hospital Auxilaire, Arc en Barrois, Haute Marne, France 1915
Privately Published 1915
Anon. Livre d'or. Aux medecins morts pour la patrie (1914-1918)
Paris, Syndicat des Editeurs, no date (ca. 1920)
Anon. Les Hospices Civils de Nancy pendant la Guerre
Nancy, Rigot, 1921
*Anon. De Nederlandsche Ambulance in Rusland (The Dutch Ambulance Service in Russia)
Illustrated pamphlet of 12 pp describing the work of Dutch medical services in Russia
Anon. American Red Cross. * the American Red Cross during the War: a statement of finances and
accomplishments July 1, 1917 to Feb. 28, 1919.
Washington DC, American Red Cross, 1919.
*Anon. British Red Cross Society: Reports on Voluntary Aid rendered to the sick and wounded at home and
abroad and to British Prisoners of War, 1914-1919.
London, HMSO, 1921.
*Anon. An illustrated Record of Red Cross Work in the East of Scotland
Edinburgh Red Cross Committee, 1918
A “souvenir” book comprising an alphabetical list of Red Cross Hospitals, listing personnel, numbers of patients admitted and dates of opening. Illustrated with numerous photographs of buildings (many of which are stately homes), facilities, staff and patients
Anon. History of the Pennsylvania Hospital Unit (Base Hospital No.10, USA) in the Great War
New York, Paul B.Hoeber, 1921.
Anon. History of United States Army Base Hospital No. 20 organized at the University of Pennsylvania.
Philadelphia, EA.Wright, 1920.
Anon. History of Base Hospital 26. December 15th 1917 – May 3rd 1919
Minneapolis, DC Getchell, 1920
A lavish book, with many illustrations, about this unit which was raised in Minneapolis and operated at Allerey, Saone et Loire
Anon. An American V.A.D. 88 BIS and V.I.H.: Letters from two hospitals.
Boston, Atlantic Monthly Press, 1919.
The author's letters from France written from 14 January to 23 March 1917, and with the 76th Detachment, Cheshire County Division, British Red Cross Society from 12 April to 28 December 1917
*Anon. Reports by the Joint War Committee and the Joint War Finance Committee of the British Red Cross Society and the Order of St John of Jerusalem in England
London, British Red Cross Society 1921
Anon (British Red Cross Society). The Red Cross in Gloucestershire during the War
Anon (British Red Cross Society). The work of V,A.D. London 1 during the War
London, Allen &Unwin, 1920
Anon (British Red Cross Society). Appeal and case for members of the nursing staff of the Scottish Red Cross Hospital , Rouen
*Anon. The Red Cross in Gloucestershire during the War: An Account of the Voluntary Aid Work carried out in Gloucestershire from October 1914 to March 31 1919.
Red Cross n.d. (1919)
Anon. Mercy-workers of the War: an interview with the Hon. Arthur Stanley, CB, MP, Chairman of the British Red Cross Society.
London, Sir Joseph Custom & Sons, 1916.
*Anon. Tales of a Field Ambulance, 1914-1918, told by the Personnel. Printed for private circulation.
Southend-on-Sea, Borough Printing & Pub., 1935.
History of the 2/4th London Field Ambulance during World War I. Contains information on their training in England, and their service in France, Slavonic and Katherine, and Egypt and Palestine
*Anon. The War on Hospital Ships, from the Narratives of Eye-witnesses.
London, T. Fisher Unwin, 1917.
The Germans conducted unrestricted submarine warfare against Allied hospital ships in World War I. Rare pamphlet
Anon. Science et Devouement. Le Service de Santé. La Croix-Rouge. Les oeuvres de solidarité de guerre et d'après-guerre.
Paris, Aristide Quillet, 1918
Published with collaboration of numerous military doctors, professors, engineers, etc...
Anon. Hôpital Auxiliaire 14. Pour les blessés de la guerre de 1914
n.p., October 1914
The Auxiliary Hospital #14 was in Eure-et-Loire (France)
Anon. The story of the 2/1st Wessex Field Ambulance, 1914-1919
King's Denton, 1919
Anon. Nos Blessés. Les trains sanitaires
Paris, Etudes militaries Delandre (Coll. Les Cahiers de la Guerre #19), n.d. (during WW1)
32pp pamphet with illustrations
Anon. Sanitätsbericht über das Deutsche Heer im Weltkriege 1914-1918
In 3 volumes: I: Gliederung des Herressanitätswesens; II: Der Sanitätsdienst im Gefechts- und Schlactenverlauf; III: Die Krankenbewegung bei den Deutscher Heer
*Anon. Vor 20 Jahren. Deutsches Artzttum in Weltkrieg. Erlebnisse und Berichte. Herausgegeben von der Schriftleitung der Deutschen Medizinischen Wochenschrift
Anon. Die Deutschen Kriegsgaeste der Schweiz. Ein Gedenkblatt an die Hospitalisierung deutscher Kriegs- und Zivilgefangener (The German War guests of Switzerland. A memorial book about the hospitalization of German military and Civilian prisoners)
München, Piper, 1917
*Austin R, Austin S. The Body Snatchers - the History of the 3rd Australian Field Ambulance 1914 –1918
McCrae (Australia), Slouch Hat Publications, 1995
Illustrated history covering the raising of the unit in Australia, training in Egypt, service at Anzac and Gallipoli, followed by service on the Western Front to war's end.
*Bainbridge WS. United States Naval Medical Bulletin, special number: Report on Medical and Surgical Developments of the War.
Washington DC, GPO, 1919.
This World War I report covers treatment of war wounds by the Allies, treatment of war wounds by the Germans, developments in war surgery (including anaesthesia, fractures, amputations, and plastic and oral surgery), trench fever, military hospitals and convalescent camps, and functional and vocational re-education for the disabled, among other topics. The work of the Queen’s Hospital is noted, and one of the plates illustrates a Sidcup soldier
Bale GA. The Birth and Early Days of our Ambulance Trains in France, August, 1914
London, Bale, 1922.
*Bakewell CM. The story of the American Red Cross in Italy
New York, Macmillan, 1920
Among the personnel listed in Ambulance Section IV is Hemingway, Ernest M
Barker HG. The Red Cross in France
London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1916
*Barker M. Nightingales in the Mud. The Digger Sisters of the Great War 1914-1918
Sydney, Allen & Unwin, 1989
A study of Australian nursing including service in India, the Near East, the Western Front and England, with first hand accounts of nurses and patients
*Barrett PE, Deane JW. The Australian Army Medical Corps in Egypt; An Illustrated and Detailed Account of the Early Organisation and Work of the Australian Medical Units in Egypt in 1914-1915
London, HK. Lewis, 1918
*Beggs ST (Capt). Guide to Promotion for non-commissioned Officers and Men of the Royal Army Medical Corps
London, Gale & Polden, 1915 (4th Ed)
Comprising instructions in drill, equipment, signalling, record keeping and hospital duties
*Berry J, Dickinson Berry FM, Blease L. The Story of a Red Cross Unit in Serbia
London, J&A Churchill, 1916
The Berry’s unit arrived in Serbia in 1915, equipped for surgical work, but found they had to deal with an epidemic of typhus, which was successfully contained
Bicknell EP. With the Red Cross in Europe, 1917 1922
Washington DC, American Red Cross 1938
Covers the entire war on all fronts from the perspective of a former National Director of the American Red Cross
Billington MF. The Red Cross in war: woman's part in the relief of suffering
London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1914
Billington MF. The roll call of serving women
London, RTS, 1915
*Blair JSG. Centenary History of the Royal Army Medical Corps, 1898-1998
Edinburgh, Scottish Academic Press, 1998
Chapters 5-7 cover the RAMC in the Great War
*Boardmann MT. Under the Red Cross flag at home and abroad
Philadelphia, Lippincott, 1915
*Bowser, Thekla, F.J.I. The Story of British V.A.D. Work in the Great War.
London: Andrew Melrose, 1917.
A curiously organized but enthusiastic look at the work of VADs both at home and abroad.
+Breitner B (ed).Ärtzte und ihre Helfer im Weltkriege 1914-1918 (Doctors and their helpers during the World
Vienna, Verlag Amon Franz Goeth, 1936
Detailed reports by a number of specialists on various medical and surgical aspects. Rather chatty!
Brereton FS. The Great War and the RAMC
London, Constable, 1919
British Red Cross Society. The Red Cross in Gloucestershire during the war
Bruce HA. Politics and the Canadian Army Medical Corps
*Busse H. Soldaten ohne Waffen. Zur Geschichte des Sanitätswesens.
Berg-am-See, Vorwickel-Verlag, 1990
History of the German military medical services.
*Cameron K. History of No 1 General Hospital, Canadian Expeditionary Force, 1914-1919
Sackville NB, The Tribune Press, 1938
*Chapin WAR. The Lost Legion: The story of the fifteen hundred American doctors who served with the B.E.F. in the Great War
Springfield MA, Loring-Axtell Company,. 1926.
Chase HL . The 2/1st London Field Ambulance: an outline of the 4½ years service at home and abroad, 1914 1918
London, Morton, Burt, 1924
*Chatfield, Josiah C., et al., eds. Iodine and Gasoline: a history of the 117th Sanitary Train.
Private publication, c.1920.
The 117th Sanitary Train ("Rainbow's Sanitary Train") evacuated 22,260 patients from the firing line during action in World War I.
*Clymer G (ed.) The history of U.S. Army Base Hospital No. 6 and its part in the American Expeditionary Forces, 1917-1918.
Boston, Massachusetts General Hospital, 1924.
Includes rosters, chronological outline of orders and events, statistical data of patients cared for by the unit, and a series of special articles by various members of the unit. These articles include articles by the nurses, the chaplain, and the x-ray department, as well as an account of Red Cross work
*Collins J. Dr Brighton’s Indian Patients, December 1914 - January 1916
Brighton, Brighton Books, 1998
After a hospital ship fire at Southampton a number of buildings in Brighton, including the Pavilion, were fitted out for hospital use
*Creswick P, Pond GS, Ashton PH. Kent's care for the Wounded.
London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1915
History of the establishment of Red Cross hospitals in the county
*Crofton E. The Women of Royaumont. A Scottish Women’s Hospital on the Western Front
Tuckwell Press, 1997
*D'Abernon HV. Red Cross and Berlin Embassy, 1915 1926.
London, Murray 1946
Viscountess D’Abernon gave anaesthetics at several Red Cross Hospitals. Her husband was appointed Ambassador to Berlin in 1920
*Davison HP. The American Red Cross in the Great War
New York, Macmillan 1919
*Delaporte S. Les Gueules Cassées. Les blessés de la face de la Grande Guerre
Paris, Noêsis 1996
An account of the French experience of facial injury.
*De Navarro A. The Scottish Women’s Hospital at the Abbey of Royaumont
London, George, Allen & Unwin Ltd, 1917
Dorland J. L'Hôtel des Invalides de Louis XIV à nos jours : son service de santé, son hôpital, ses pensionnaires
Paris, Perrin & Perrin 1996
Complete history of the military hospital " Les Invalides " in Paris.
*Drew HTB (ed). The War Effort of New Zealand. A Popular History of (a) Minor Campaigns in which New Zealanders took part; (b) Services not fully dealt with in the Campaign Volumes; (c) The Work at the Bases
Auckland, Holcombe and Tombs, 1923
Erred E, Mathieu J. Asklepios onder de wapens. 500 jaar militaire geneeskunde in België.
Brussels, Wetenschappelijke vereniging van de militaire medische dienst, 1997,
New history of military medicine in Belgium with about 50 pages relating to WW1
Evrard E, Mathieu J et al. ASKLEPIOS ONDER DE WAPENS. 500 Jaar militaire geneeskunde in Belgie
Brussels, Wettenschappelijke Vereniging Van de Militaire Medische Dienst 1997
The History of Medical Military Services in Belgium since the Middle Ages and including WW1
*Favre E. L’Internement en Suisse des Prisonniers de guerre maladies ou blesses
Geneva, Georg & Cie, 1917
A report commissioned by the Swiss Army medical Service
Fenn CR. Middlesex to wit, being a brief record of the work performed at the
Auxiliary Military Hospitals in Middlesex during the war, 1914 1918
London, St. Catherine, 1919
*Fetherstonehaugh RC. No 3 Canadian General Hospital (McGill) 1914-1919
Montreal, Gazette Printing Co, 1928
*Fife GB. The passing legions: how the American Red Cross met the American Army in Great Britain, the gateway to France
New York, Macmillan, 1920.
Fleming JA. The last Voyage of HM Hospital Ship ‘Britannic’
London, Simpkin Marshall, 1917
Folgeambe A. The New Zealand hospital ship "Maheno". The first voyage, July, 1915, to January, 1916
*Fouché N. Le mouvement perpétuel: histoire de l'Hôpital américain de Paris des origines à nos jours
Toulouse, Érès, 1991
History of the American Hospital in Neuilly. Chapter 2 is devoted to WW1.
*Francis AEF. History of the 2/3rd East Lancashire Field Ambulance.
Salford, The Manor Press, 1930
Written in humorous vein
Gaines RL. Helping France: the Red Cross in the devastated area
New York: Dutton 1919
Geisinger JF. History of the U.S. Army Base Hospital No. 45 in the Great War
Richmond, Levy, 1924
*Geller LD. The American Field Service Archives of World War I, 1914-1917
New York, Greenwood Press, 1989
An excellent summary of the holdings of the Archives, illustrated with numerous photographs and with a commentary on many of the items in the collection. The AFS provided the US ambulance service attached largely to the French army until its militarisation by the US Army in September 1917
Gordon J. The Luck of Thirteen; through Montenegro and Serbia. Work and adventures of Dr Berry’s Serbian Red Cross Unit
London, Smith Elder, 1916
*Gun JN, Dutton EE. Historical Records of No 8 Canadian Field Ambulance, Canada, England, France, Belgium 1915-1919
Toronto, Ryerson Press, 1920
*Haller JS Jr. Farmcarts to Fords. A history of the Military Ambulance, 1790-1925
Carbondale and Edwardsville, Southern Illinois University Press, 1992
Harrison S. Souvenir of the Leckhampton Court, Cheltenham, V.A. Hospital, 1914 - 1919
*Hansen A. Gentlemen Volunteers. The Story of the American Ambulance Drivers in the Great War August 1914-September 1918
New York, Arcade Publishing, 1996
Hay I. One hundred years of army nursing: the story of the British army nursing services from the time of Florence Nightingale
London, Cassell, 1953.
Heeres-Sanitätsinspektion ed., Sanitätsbericht über das Deutsche Here in Weltering 1914-1918, 3 vols.
Mittler & Sohn, 1934-1938
The official history of the German medical and sanitary services, as follows:
vol. 1: Heeres-Sanitätsinspektion ed., Gliederung des Heeressanitätswesens im Weltkriege 1914/1918
Berlin 1935 (Organisational history)
vol. 2: Heeres-Sanitätsinspektion ed., Der Sanitätsdienst im Gefechts und Schlachtenverlauf im Weltkrieg 1914/1918
Berlin 1938 (The medical service in battle)
vol. 3: Heeres-Sanitätsinspektion ed., Die Krankenbewegung bei dem Deutschen Feld und Besatzungsheer im Weltkriege 1914/1918
Berlin 1934. (The medical transport system of the German army (front and occupied
*His W. Die Front der Ärtzte (The Doctors’ Front)
Velhagen & Klasing, 1931.
Reports of medical service in Galicia and Mesopotamia. A translated edition (Blech and Kean) was published by National Service Publishing in 1933
*Howe MA de W (Ed). The Harvard Volunteers in Europe. Personal records of experience in military, ambulance and hospital service
Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University Press, 1916
A series of contributions from Harvard men, including Harvey Cushing, Varazdad Kazanjian and George Shattuck. At the end is found a full list of volunteers and where they served
Hume EE. Victories of Army Medicine. Scientific accomplishments of the Medical Department of the US Army
New York, JB Lippincott, 1943
Includes a substantial section on medical advances in WW1
Humphries EM, Gladwin FF. An unofficial Guide to the racecourse Hospital, Cheltenham
Jaccottet G. et al . L'etape Liberatrice. Au Soleil et sur les Monts. La vie de nos soldats et de nos allies internes en Suisse
Paris, Ed. Francaise illustrée, 1918
This book shows how, during World War One, many sick and wounded French and English soldiers were welcomed in Swiss hospitals and convalescent homes. Two chapters are also translated into English and one chapter is only in English. These chapters mainly concern English soldiers
Kernodle PB. The Red Cross Nurse In Action, 1882-1948.
New York, Harper & Brothers, 1949.
*Krippner M. The Quality of mercy. Women at War, Serbia 1915-18
Newton Abbot & London, David & Charles, 1980
Describes the adventure and ordeals of doctors, nurses, orderlies and drivers in the Balkans
*Laffin J. Surgeons in the field
London, JM Dent & Sons, 1970
A survey of military medicine from earliest times to WW2. Chapters 20-22 cover the Great War
Lauder J R. The story of the War Hospital, Epsom
London, Heinemann, 1920
Lefebvre P (ed) Histoire de la médecine aux armées. 3, De 1914 à nos jours
Paris, Lavauzelle, 1987 (Comité d'histoire du Service de santé )
History of the medical services of the French Army before, during and after WW1.
*Leigh D. The background of battle
London, Hodder & Stoughton 1916
*Lejars F. Un hôpital militaire à Paris pendant la guerre: Villemin. 1914-1919
Paris, Masson et Cie, 1923
*Lidbetter H, Monk-Jones N. SSA14 1915-1919. An Account of the activities in Northern France of a section of
the Friends’ Ambulance Unit
Manchester, J. Ellis Benson, 1919
A rather dull day by day account of an ambulance unit
*Lindsay J, Lindsay D. The Story of the Red Cross
Australian Red Cross Society, n.d (c.1943)
A pictorial story compiled for children by Joan and Daryl Lindsay during the Second World War, with a considerable section on the Great War. The Queen’s Hospital Sidcup is illustrated and a number of Lindsay’s own drawings appear, including one from his “Digger” book.
Linon P. Officiers d'administration du Service de Santé. Monographie d'un Corps, d'une Association
Contains a number of biographies of WW1 doctors
Liverpool, Earl of. New Zealand Hospital Ships “Mahanoy” and “Maraca”
n.d (?private printing)
*Love grove P. Not Least in the Crusade. A Short History of the RAMC
Gale and Parden, 1955
Lovejoy EP. Certain Samaritans.
New York, Macmillan, 1927.
The work of American Women's Hospitals in the Balkans
Lucas BJ. Children of France and the Red Cross
New York, Stokes 1918
Lugard EA. Some impressions of the work of the British Red Cross in France
*MacPhail A. Official History of the Canadian forces in the Great War, 1914-19: the Medical Services.
Ottawa, FA Ackland, 1925.
*McKernan M. Padre - Australian Chaplains In Gallipoli and France
Allen & Unwin Sydney London Boston, 1986.
Much of the content deals with casualty work
*McLaren B. Women of the War
NY, George H. Doran 1918
Women in World War I; much material on military medicine and on nursing.
Midwinter C. Memoirs of the 32nd Field Ambulance, Xth (Irish) Division
Privately printed, 1933
*Ministry of Pensions. Location of Hospitals and Casualty Clearing Stations, British Expeditionary Force 1914-1919.
A foolscap bound typescript listing all units: part 1, numbered hospitals in France; part 2, field ambulances; part 3, miscellaneous.
Moore MM. The Maple Leaf's Red Cross
London, Skeffington 1919
Moreau É. Les hôpitaux de Vendée durant la guerre : l'accueil des blessés et malades en Vendée pendant la Guerre 1914-1918
La Roche-sur-Yon, Amicale philatélique yonnaise, 1996
History of Hospitals in Vendée during the WW1 through a philatelic study.
*Murray F. Women as Army Surgeons. Being the History of the Women’s Hospital Corps in Paris, Wimereux and Endell Street, September 1914 - October 1919
London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1920
*Official History of the Great War: Medical Services; General History, Volume 1
London, HMSO, 1921
Medical services in the United Kingdom; in British garrisons overseas; and during operations against Tsingtau, in Togoland, the Cameroons and South-West Africa
Official History of the Great War: Medical Services; General History, Volume 2
London, HMSO, 1922
Medical services on the Western Front, and during the operations in France and Belgium, 1914-15
Official History of the Great War: Medical Services; General History, Volume 3
London, HMSO, 1924
Medical services during the operations on the Western Front in 1916, 1917 and 1918; In Italy; and in Egypt and Palestine
*Official History of the Great War: Medical Services; Surgery of the War, Volumes1 & 2.
London, HMSO, 1922
The second volume contains a chapter on facial injury contributed by Gillies and Mendelson, illustrated with cases from Sidcup. The chapter has a bias towards the dental aspects with photographs of several splints and prostheses.
The Medical section of the Official History comprises the following: Diseases Of The War (2 Vols), Hygiene Of The War (2 Vols), Surgery Of The War (2 Vols) and Pathology (1 Vol)
*Official History of the Great War: Medical Services; Casualties and Medical Statistics
London, HMSO, 1931 (reprinted Battery Press, 1997)
Record and analysis of over 11 million casualties. Statistics for facial injuries are hard to determine, as they are “lost” within a generic group of head, face and neck
+Official History of the Australian Medical Services in the 1914-1918 War
The Queen’s Hospital is mentioned in Volume 2; a photograph of a Casualty Clearing Station (one of a very small number in the book) shows Fay Maclure (later posted to Sidcup) operating. Volume 3 contains Newland’s chapter on facial surgery based on his experience at Sidcup, with diagrams by Daryl Lindsay (many of the originals of which are still filed in the Sidcup notes)
Official History of New Zealand's Effort in the Great War Vol. IV. (ed. Stewart H)
Whitcomb & Tombs, 1923
Includes a section on nurses, hospitals, hospital ships and the dental service
*Oliver, Beryl. G.B.E. R.R.C. The British Red Cross in Action.
London, Faber and Faber, 1966.
Includes chapters on the BRCS's work during WWI including sections on VADs, work abroad, and in Britain.
*Peters W. American Memorial Hospital, Reims, France: A History.
New York, Privately Printed, 1955.
*Piggott J. Queen Alexandra’s Royal Army Nursing Corps
London, Leo Cooper, 1975
*Pitcher A. The Cambridge Military Hospital, Aldershot
Andover, Holmes & Sons (printers) 1996
Outlines the history of the hospital, which first admitted patients in 1879 and closed in 1996. Contains a substantial section on the work of Gillies and his colleagues
*Plumridge JH. Hospital Ships and Ambulance Trains.
London, Seeley, Service & Co., 1975
Detailed account of the organisation of transport facilities for seriously wounded men.
*Pottle FA. Stretchers. The Story of a Hospital Unit on the Western Front.
New Haven, Yale University Press, 1929
History of Evacuation Hospital No 8 from the enlistment of its men in early 1918 through the end of the war. Based initially at Juilly, the hospital was for a time the only advanced unit covering the battles at Belleau Woods and Château-Thierry and Pottle notes that it dealt with 6% of all American casualties of the war. An excellent account, with a few illustrations. A medical view is given by one of its surgeons, Arthur Shipley (q.v.). See Mitchell (section 13)
Read J. The Princess Louise Scottish Hospital at Erskine House, Glasgow
*Roubaud N, Brehamet RN. Le Colonel Picot et les Gueules Cassées
Paris, Nouvelles Ed. Latines, 1960
French description of Picot, his military service and injury and the work he did to develop the “self-help” group of facially injured Frenchmen
*Samuelson P (ed.). I owe my Life
London, Bloomsbury, 1995
A celebration of the 125th anniversary of the British Red Cross, with a substantial section on the Great War
Sergent E and E. L'armée d'Orient Delivrée du Paludisme
Paris, Masson et Cie, 1932
A short book written for non-medical workers (middle grade army officers, engineers etc) based on the experience of the French army around Salonika and in Algeria. Quirky illustrations abound
*Shipley AM. The officers and nurses of Evacuation Eight
New Haven, Yale University Press, 1929
*Smucker, JR Jr. The History of the United States Army Ambulance Service with the French and Italian armies, 1917, 1918, 1919.
Allentown, PA U.S. Army Ambulance Service, 1967.
This commemorative history was published by the U.S. Army Ambulance Service Association in celebration of the 50th anniversary of the establishment of the USAAS and the founding of Camp Crane in Allentown, PA
Snell A.E. The C.A.M.C. with the Canadian Corps during the last hundred days of the Great War
Ottawa, F.A. Acland, 1924
Spire C, Lombardy P. Précis d'organisation et de fonctionnement du service de santé en temps de guerre.
Principes de tactique sanitaire (Outline of the organisation and functions of a wartime sanitary service. Principles of sanitary practice)
Paris, Lavauzelle, 1925
*Stubbings L. "Look what you started Henry!" A History of the Australian Red Cross 1914-1991
Melbourne, Australian Red Cross Society 1992
Summers, Anne. Angels and Citizens: British Women as Military Nurses 1854-1914.
London: Routledge, 1988.
The definitive history of British military nursing from before Nightingale through the establishment of the QAIMNS and the VADs.
*Tatham M, Miles JE. The Friends' Ambulance Unit 1914-1919.
London, The Swarthmore Press Ltd, 1919
The Society of Friends were involved with the operation of field ambulances and of several ambulance trains.
*Taylor E. Wartime Nurse: one hundred years from the Crimea to Korea 1854-1954
London, Robert Hale, 2001
A “popular” account of military nursing; somewhat repetitive but well researched, with a substantial section on the Great War
*Troussaint, Médecin-inspecteur. La Direction du Service de Santé en campagne. Notions generales, d'ordre militaire, administratif, technique, nécessaires à tous les directeurs et chefs de service dans les principales situations de guerre depuis la mobilisation jusqu'à la bataille
Paris - Limoges, Lavauzelle, 1917
Instruction book for the medical service, describing organisation down to the last detail, including the contents of the equipment cases. The contents of Case 3 (cooking utensils) include a 2-litre cafetière, coffee grinder and corkscrew
Troussaint, Médecin-inspecteur. Une page de l'histoire du service de santé militaire. Sa préparation à la guerre et l'oeuvre de la 7ème Direction pendant la première année de guerre.
Paris, Charles-Lavauzelle, 1919
*Tyquin MB. Gallipoli : The Medical War : The Australian Army Medical Services in the Dardanelles Campaign of 1915 (Modern History, Vol 16)
Vallotton B. Soldats Aveugles en France.
Lausanne, Librairie F. Rouge et Cie, 1916
A booklet produced by the Fond Suisse Romand, established to assist blind soldiers in France, containing articles, reports, letters and a list of donors to the Fund
*Vandercook M. The Red Cross Girls in the British Trenches
J.C. Winston, 1916
Varenne L. Organisation et fonctionnement du service pharmaceutique de l'armée (Organisation and functions of the army pharmaceutical service)
Paris & Nancy, Berger-Levrault, 1915
Van Schaik J. The little corner never conquered: the story of the American Red Cross war work for Belgium
New York, Macmillan 1922
*Vivian EC, Hodder-Williams JE. The way of the Red Cross
London, Hodder & Stoughton 1915
Volpi J-C. Menton-Roquebrune : 1914-1918 / [cartes postales réunies et présentées par] Jean- Roquebrune-Cap-Martin
Impr. Ariano 1984
Postcards from the Menton Hospital during WW1.
*Whalen RW. Bitter Wounds. German victims of the Great War, 1914-1939
Ithaca & London, Cornell University Press, 1984
An account of the experience of German “war victims” (which includes disabled veterans, widows and orphans) and the rehabilitation and pension arrangements of postwar Germany. Drawn from a range of sources from official documents to works of fiction, it is sparingly but graphically illustrated and superbly referenced
Wood FJ. The 1st Home Counties Field Ambulance and the Great War, 1914-1919.
Maidstone, ‘Kent Messenger’, 1923
5. Medical or nursing textbooks; texts on management & rehabilitation of disability
*Adam C (ed). Seuchenbekämpfung im Kriege. (The fight against epidemic diseases in War)
With, among others, a contribution by A. von Wasserman.
*Allbee FH. Bone graft surgery
Philadelphia & London, WB Saunders, 1915 (repr 1917)
Definitive text by one of the pioneers of bone grafts who wrote of his experiences at Neuilly (q.v.)
*Alport AC. Malaria and its treatment in the line and at base
Baltimore, Wood, 1919
Alquier P, Tanton J. L’Appareillage dans les fractures de guerre
Paris, Masson et Cie, 1918
Amar J (trans Miall B). The physiology of industrial organisations and the re-employment of the disabled
London, Library Press, 1918
Anderson HG. The Medical and Surgical Aspects of Aviation
London, Oxford University Press, 1919
Including sections on physiology and neurosis
Anon. Nomenclature Nosologique Generale
Paris, Sous-Secrétariat d'Etat du Service de Santé militaire, 1917
Anon. Instruction medicale pour les capitaines des batiments de la marine Nationale depourvus de medecins et munis des coffres a medicaments no 2 Ou 3. 15 octobre 1909.
Paris, Imprimerie nationale, 1918
*Anon. Manual of Splints and Appliances for the treatment of Bone and Joint Injuries (as supplied to the United States Army by the American Red Cross)
London, Henry Frowde and Hodder & Stoughton for the British Red Cross Society, 1917
A field pocket Manual, underlining the importance of the development of the Thomas splint, illustrating a number of different splints in diagrammatic form, and with blank pages for users’ notes. An attached cloth tie holds the book closed
*Anon. British medicine in the war. Being essays on problems of medicine, surgery and pathology
London, B.M.A., 1917
A collection of articles which originally appeared in the British Medical Journal from April to October 1917. Contains articles on bacteriology, trench fever, hospital ships, surgery (including anaesthetics, antiseptics, shock, infections, wounds, fractures), gas gangrene, orthopaedic hospitals, artificial limbs, gunshot wounds, and British medical women, among other topics
*Anon. Notes for Sanitary officers. British Expeditionary Force in France
London, H.M.S.O., 1917.
Anon. Handy Book for the Hospital Corps
Washington, Government printing Office, 1917
Anon. Home Service and the disabled soldier or sailor
Washington, American Red Cross, 1918
Anon. Sixième Congrés International de Medecine et de Pharmacie militaire
Paris, Ministere de la Defense nationale, 1931
Including papers on psychoneuroses, haemostasis on the battlefield, consequences of battle injury to the teeth and lower jaw
Anon. Vor zwanzig Jahren. Vol 1: Deutsche Arztrater im Weltkrieg. Erlebnisse und Berichte Und neue Folge Vol 2: Von den Dardanellen zum Sues. Mit Marineärzten im Weltkrieg durch die Türkei ( Twenty years ago. Vol 1: German medicine in theWorld War. Real-life experiences and accounts with new additions. Vol 2: From Dardanelles to Suez, with Navy doctors in the World War in Turkey)
N.P., Leipzig, 1935
Ash EL. Nerve in wartime, causes and cure of nervous breakdown
London, Mills & Boon, 1915
*Bainbridge WS. Report on medical and surgical developments of the war
Washington DC, Naval Medical Bulletin, 1919
*Bainbridge WS. Report on Third International Congress of Military Medicine and Pharmacy, Paris, 1925
Washington DC, 1926
This report covers a number of organisational and medical issues based on great war experience. Reprinted from a series of articles in the “Military Surgeon”, it records the third congress (the first was in Brussels in 1921, the second in Rome in 1923).
*Bainbridge, WS. Report on Fourth International Congress of military medicine and pharmacy. Warsaw, Poland, May-June 1927
Menasha (Wisconsin), George Banta Publishing Co, no date (1927 or 1928)
Four main subjects were reported upon at the Congress: Evacuation in moving warfare (pp 23-72); Etiology and prophylaxis of influenza (including a communication by Colonel Edgar E. Hume, US Army:"Influenza in the American Army during the World War") (pp 72-124); Sequelae of traumatisms of the skull and their treatment (pp 124-207); The arsenobenzols: methods of analysis and chemical determination (pp 207-231).
Baird HHC. A Government Committee of Enquiry and The Light Metal Artificial Leg
Privately published, 1923
Barbazan M. Les hemianopsies dans les traumatismes par armes à feu
Le Francois, 1914
Beatson GT. How the Wounded-Disabled Soldier is Treated Surgically at Scotland’s Orthopaedic Centres
Glasgow, British Red Cross Society (Scottish Branch), 1917
Based on the methods employed in the Bellahouston Hospital
*Bielschowsky A. Blindenwesen und Kriegsblinden-Fürsorge. Ein Vortrag (Care of blind war wounded. A report)
*Blair VP. Surgery and diseases of the Mouth and Jaws
St Louis, Mosby; London, Henry Kimpton 1918 (3rd ed., revised so as to incorporate the latest war data concerning gunshot injuries of the face and jaws etc)
1st edition published in 1912; the revisions for the 3rd edition were based on Blair’s experiences in France and for the 4th, published after the war, additionally from his experience on attachment at the Queen’s Hospital, Sidcup
Bleker J, Schmiedemach H-P. Medizin und Krieg Vom Dilemma der Heilberufe 1865-1985 (Medicine and War: The dilemma of the Caring Professions 1865-1985)
Fischer Verlag, 1987
A chapter relates to ethical and ideological problems of the Great War
Bowlby AA. The Hunterian Oration on British Military Surgery in the time of Hunter and in the Great War.
London, Adlard & Son and West Newman, 1919
Braun J. 20 Jahre Westdeutsche Kriegshirn-Verletztenfuersorge (20 years of treating West Germany’s brain injuries of the War)
Brown MW. Neuropsychiatry and the war. A Bibliography with Abstracts
New York, Nat. Comm. for Mental Hygiene. 1918
*Call AP. Nerves and the war
Boston, Little, Brown, 1918
A description for the lay person of “nerve” as much as of “nerves”
*Camus J. Physical and occupational re education of the maimed
London, Baillière, Tindall, 1918
Originally published as “Réeducation fonctionnelle et réeducation professionnelle des blessés
(Paris, Baillière, 1917)
Carbery ARD. The New Zealand medical service in the Great War
Auckland, Whitcombe & Tombs, 1924
*Carrel A, Dehelly G. The Treatment of Infected Wounds
New York, Hoeber, 1917.
A description of the Carrel-Dakin method using antiseptic solutions. Also published by the University of London Press in the “Military Medical Manuals” series
*Castiaux A, Temmerman F. Guide de l'Invalide. Encyclopedie des questions interessant les mutilés, invalides de guerre et anciens combattants belges
Brussels, Guide de l'Invalide, n.d. (1930)
History of F.N.I. (Federation Nationale de Militaires Mutiles et Invalides de Guerre). Volume 1 is titled “F.N.I. et Oeuvres”; Volume 2 is titled “Codification et commentaries”. A detailed survey of all the measures taken by Belgian State and F.N.I. for War disabled veterans, in extraordinary detail
Cazin M. De la Cranioplastie consecutive aux larges trepanations pour fractures de guerre (cranioplasty following large trepanations for war fractures)
Paris, Maloine, 1916
Chemin A. Contribution à l’histoire des hôpitaux thermaux militaries: utilisation par les services de santé militaire des ressources thermales et climatiques (A Contribution to the history of the military thermal hospitals: use by the military health services of thermal and climatic resources)
Christine R. La Première guerre mondiale: conséquences pathologiques pour les combattants français du Front occidental
Paris, Barré & Dayez, 1997
Sanitary affairs in the French Army on the West Front during the WW1.
*Church JR. The doctor's part: what happens to the wounded in war
New York, Appleton, 1918
James Church had served in the US Army Medical Corps in the war with Spain and was a military observer on the Western Front from 1915-1917. This book summarises the organisation of French medical services from the front to the base hospitals and includes an account of being under fire in the front line.
*Clifford WG. The ex soldier, by Himself
London, A&C Black, 1916
Collie J. The management of neurasthenia and allied disorders contracted in the Army
London, Bale & Danielsson 1917
Cummins SL. Studies of influenza in hospitals of the British Armies in France, 1918
London, Medical Research Committee, 1919
Curie M. La Radiologie et La Guerre
Paris, Alcan, 1921
Textbook of wartime radiology by Marie Curie
*Dakin HD, Dunham K. A Handbook on Antiseptics
New York, Macmillan, 1917.
Davenport CB, Love AG. Army anthropology
Washington DC, Dept. of Army, 1921
Dearborn FM (ed). American homeopathy in the World War
New York, Globe, 1923
*Delorme E (trans H de Méric). War Surgery.
London, HK Lewis, 1915
Desplas B. Anesthésie à la Stovaïne en Chirugie de Guerre
Paris, Masson et Cie, 1918
*Deus P. Kompendium der Kriegschirurgie (Compendium of war surgery)
Bern, Ernst Bircher, 1923
Dix KW. Psychologische Beobachtungen über die Eindrücke des Krieges auf Einzelne wie auf die Masse (Psychological observations on the consequences of the War on single persona and on the masses)
Dienemann F. Briefe Eines Arztes über Ernährung an Einen Laien (Letters from a doctor to a layman about nutrition)
Jence, Fischer, 1918
This book deals particularly with nutrition in war.
Dolamore WH. The Treatment in Germany of Gunshot Injuries of the Face and Jaws
London, British Dental Association, 1916.
Translated and abstracted from the German literature.
Dudgeon LS. Studies of bacillary dysentery occurring in the British Forces in Macedonia
London, Medical Research Committee, 1919
Duval P. Plaies de guerre de poumon (War wounds of the lungs)
Paris, Masson et Cie, 1918
*Eder MD. War shock: the psycho neuroses in war
London, Heinemann, 1917
Eliot Smith G, Pear TH. Shell shock and its lessons.
Manchester, University Press; London, Longmans, Green & Co, 1917
The first published account of shellshock.
*Fauntleroy AM. Report on the medico-military aspects of the European war, from observations taken behind the allied armies in France.
Washington DC, GPO, 1915.
Contains chapters on military organization and equipment, the organization for the transportation and care of the sick and wounded, base hospital work, and general field conditions. One of the appendices discusses the French army ration.
*Feiler E. Der Zahnarzt im Felde (The Dentist on the Battlefield)
*Fenton N. Shell shock and its aftermath
St. Louis, Mosby, 1926
A scientific study of American “War Neurotics”. Fenton was attached to Base Hospital 117, AEF, and was Professor of Psychology at Ohio University. Many references in text
Fitzwilliams DCL. A nursing manual for nurses and nursing orderlies
London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1915
*Fox RF. Physical Remedies for Disabled Soldiers
London, Baillière, Tindall & Cox, 1917
*de Friedberg E. Guide Pratique du Secouriste français – Infirmier volontaire
Paris, Société des Secouristes français – Infirmiers volontaires, 1914
Freud S. et al. Zur Psychoanalyse der Kriegsneurosen. (The Psychoanalysis of War Neurosis). Diskussion gehalten auf dem V. Internationalen Psychoanalytischen Kongress in Budapest, 28 und 29 September. 1918.
Fuchs D. Praktische Hygiene und Bekämpfung der Infektionskrankheiten im Felde
(Practical hygiene and the fight against infectious diseases on the battlefield)
Giercke, H. W. Der Kriegsverletzungen des Herzens (Heart lesions in wartime)
*Gilchrist HL. A comparative study of world war casualties from gas and other weapons.
Washington DC, GPO, 1928.
*Gillies H.D. Plastic Surgery of the Face
London, Henry Frowde, Hodder & Stoughton, 1920
The first modern textbook of plastic surgery, with a chapter contributed by Wade on the development of anaesthesia. Profusely illustrated with photographs and diagrams, many of the originals of which are at Queen Mary’s Sidcup in the Archives
*Gillies Sir H., Millard DR. The Principles and Art of Plastic Surgery
London, Butterworth; New York, Little, Brown and Co, 1957
A “coffee table” book with a curiously whimsical approach, describing Gillies’s surgical work from 1916. Although full of technical points, it remains readable (and interesting) to the layman, not least because of its style. The anaesthetic section is contributed by Ivan Magill, who with Stanley Rowbotham was responsible at Sidcup for the development of endotracheal anaesthesia
*Golen H de. Scandales medicaux pendant la guerre
Paris, Maurice d’Hartoy, 1933
Gordon MH. Cerebrospinal fever: Studies in the bacteriology, preventive control, and specific treatment of... among the military forces, 1915 19
London, Medical Research Committee, 1920
*Gordon-Taylor G. The Abdominal Injuries of Warfare
Bristol & London, Simpkin Marshall, 1939
Based on WW1 experience in Casualty Clearing Stations
*Gray HMW. The Early Treatment of War Wounds
London, Henry Frowde and Hodder & Stoughton, 1919
Colonel Gray served in France for three and a half years. His book covers treatment at Advance Dressing Stations and Casualty Clearing Stations; largely about general principles, there are chapters on the management of brain and spinal cord injuries, and compound femoral fracture
*Guy’s Hospital Reports: Vol LXX (War Memorial Number)
London, J&A Churchill, 1922
The last of an annual series of volumes which began in 1836, the “Reports” were replaced by a quarterly publication. This volume contains portraits and brief obituaries of Guy’s men and women who died in the Great War, a records of honours and medals (including one VC, to Capt H. Ackroyd RAMC) and a series of articles by Guy’s men of different aspects of medicine and surgery. These include an excellent summary of the developing role of Casualty Clearing Stations, an illustrated chapter on war neuroses and a chapter on dentistry and dental surgery
Haldane ES. The British nurse in peace and war
London, Murray, 1923
Hanes EL. Minds and nerves of soldiers
Altadena, Cal, Hanes, 1941
Harper G. Vocational re-education for war cripples in France
New York, Red Cross 1918
Hastings S. First aid for the trenches: Simple instructions for saving life
London, Murray, 1916 (*New York, George U Harvey, 1917)
Harris G. The Redemption of the disabled; a study of programmes of rehabilitation for the disabled of war and industry
New York and London, Appleton, 1918
From the series “Problems of the war and reconstruction”
Hatt CW. The future of the disabled soldier
London, Bale, 1917
*Hezel O.et al. Die Kriegsbeschädigungen des Nervensystems. (Damage to the Nervous System on the Battlefield)
*Hirschfeld M. The sexual history of the World war, from reports collected by the Institute for Sexual Science.
New York, Falstaff Press, 1937.
Originally released as Sittengeschichte des Ersten Weltkrieges, (Hanau, Müller & Kiepenheuer, 1929)
His W, Weintraud W (ed.) Verhandlungen der ausserordentlichen Tagung des DT. Kongresses für innere Medizin in Warschau 1-2 mai 1916. Kriegsseuchen und Kriegskrankheiten. (Debates from the extraordinary convention of the DT Congress for internal medicine in Warsaw, 1-2 May 1916: infections and medical conditions)
Wiesbaden, Bergmann, 1916
Contains contributions by Hoffmann (Schutz des Heeres gegen Cholera - Protection of the army against cholera), Wenckebach (Ueber Herzerkrankungen bei Kriegsteilnehmen – Heartconditions in War participants), Brauer (Über das Fleckfieber - On the spotted fever), Juergens (Epidemiologia des Fleckfiebers - Epidemiology of spotted fever), Krehl (Der Abdominaltyphus im Kriegs - Abdominal typhus in the war), Huenermann (Über typhusschutzimpfung – Typhus vaccination), Stintzing (Paratyphus), Matthes und Kruse (Über die Ruhr - Dysentery), Hirsch (Nierenentzuendung im Felde - Nephritis in the field)
Howson G. Handbook for the limbless.
London, Disabled Soc, 1922
*Hughes B, Banks HS. War Surgery. From Firing Line to Base
London, Baillière, Tindall & Cox, 1918
Notable for a series of colour plates, very badly drawn, but showing a number of soldier patients with happy smiles— and cigarettes. Despite this, it is the definitive manual on major battlefield surgery, with useful sections on medical conditions and infection
*Hull AJ. Surgery in war
London, Churchill, 1916
Alfred Keogh in the preface describes this as a “taking stock” book. Notably missing is any account of the management of facial injury
Hutt CW. The future of the disabled soldier
London, Bale & Fisher Unwin, 1917
Ireland MW. The Medical Department of the United States Army in the World War
Washington DC, Government Printing Office
The Surgeon General’s Office, 1923
Administration American Expeditionary Forces, 1927
Finance and Supply, 1928
Activities Concerning Mobilization Camps and Ports of Embarkation, 1928
Military Hospitals in the U.S., 1923
Field Operations, 1925
Communicable and Other Diseases, 1928
*Surgery Part 1, General Surgery, Orthopedic Surgery, Neurosurgery, 1927
Surgery Part 2, Empyema, Maxillofacial Surgery, Ophthalmology, Otolaryngology, 1924
Acute Respiratory Diseases, Gas Gangrene following War Wounds, 1929
Part 1, Physical Reconstruction and Vocational Education
Part 2, the Army Nurse Corps, 1927
*Medical Aspects of Gas Warfare, 1926
Statistics Part 1, Army Anthropology, 1921
Statistics Part 2, Medical and Casualty Statistics, 1925
The American equivalent of the “Official History”, prepared under the direction of Major General M.W. Ireland, Surgeon General of the Army.
Ireland MW (intr). Report on Fourth International Congress of military medicine and pharmacy. Warsaw, Poland, May - June 1927.
Menasha (Wisconsin), George Banta Publishing Co, n.d. (1927 or 1928)
Detailed report in English of the Congress, with list of delegates, reports, communications and discussions. Five subjects were reported upon at the Congress, including three having some connections with WW1: Evacuation in moving warfare; aetiology and prophylaxis of influenza (including a communication by Colonel Edgar E. Hume, US Army: “Influenza in the American Army during the World War”; Dental communications: and one directly connected with WW1:- Sequelae of traumatisms of the skull and their treatment (pp 124 to 207)
*Jones R. Note on Military Orthopaedics.
London, Cassell & Co (for the British Red Cross) 1917 (reprinted 1918)
Sir Robert Jones was an orthopaedic surgeon of considerable ability and is considered one of the fathers of British orthopaedic surgery. Originally enlisting as a lieutenant, it was not until a number of American surgeons had asked for introductions to the “head of army orthopaedics” that he was plucked from obscurity and rapidly promoted.
*Keen WW. The Treatment of War Wounds.
Philadelphia, Saunders, 1917 (2nd ed 1918)
William Keen was a surgeon in the American Civil War as well as in the 1914-18 conflict.. Harvey Cushing contributed an account of his techniques for managing head wounds
*Keith A. Menders of the Maimed
London, Henry Frowde, 1919 (repr Philadelphia, JB Lippincott, 1975)
Written by Arthur Keith, Hunterian Professor of Surgery at London’s Royal College of Surgeons, it is a summary of important developments in orthopaedics and based on a series of wartime lectures. Its subject matter is almost entirely pre-war
Knox R. Radiography and Radiotherapeutics
London, A&C Black; New York, Macmillan, 1919
In 2 volumes; Vol 1* is Radiography, including details of military applications and apparatus suitable for field hospitals. Knox worked at, and drew his experience for the books from, the 4th London general Hospital
Kuhnt H. Plastische Operationen an Lidern und Bindehaut bei Kriegsverletzten (Plastic surgery to eyelids and conjunctiva after War lesions)
*Küttner H. Verletzungen des Gehirns (Brain Injuries)
Stuttgart / Enke (Coll. Neue Deutsche Chirurgie), 1920
In 3 volumes
*Lagarde LA . Gunshot injuries
London, Bale, 1914
Reprinted by the Battery Press, 1995
*Larousse Médical de Guerre
Paris, Librairie Larousse, 1917
An illustrated encyclopaedia, arranged alphabetically
*Lawson A. War blindness at St. Dunstan's
London, Oxford, 1922
Sir Arthur Lawson, Director of St Dunstan’s, was himself blind
*Lebedinsky J, Virenque M. Prothèse et Chirurgie Cranio-Maxillo-Faciale
Paris, JB Baillière et fils, 1918
Based on the authors’ experience of some 700 cases at the 4th Region Hospital, Mans. It includes many details of jaw splinting and grafting, but the plastic techniques illustrated (which include rhinoplasty) are unsophisticated
*Le Bon, G. The psychology of the Great War
London: Fisher Unwin, 1916
Lelean PS. Sanitation in war
London, Churchill, 1917
Lewis T. Reports upon Soldiers Returned as Cases of 'Disordered Action of the Heart, (DAH) or Valvular Disease of the heart (VDH)
London, H.M.S.O., 1917.
A condition which often afflicted troops, otherwise called Da Costa's or effort syndrome, nowadays considered to be a feature of post-traumatic stress disorder
*Lewis T. The soldier's heart and the effort syndrome
London, Shaw & Sons, 1918 (*New York, Hoeber, 1920)
Lloyd L. Lice and their menace to man: with a chapter on trench fever
London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1919
*MacCallum WG. The Pathology of the Pneumonia in the United States Army Camps During the Winter of 1917-18
New York, Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research, 1919.
Monograph No.10, describing what is attributed to measles pneumonia, but may well be bronchopneumonia secondary to influenza (Spanish ‘flu). Illustrated with colour and b&w plates of pathology slides and specimens
*MacCurdy JT. War neuroses.
Cambridge, University Press, 1918
An American account. Foreword by Rivers of Craiglockhart.
*McDill JR. Lessons from the enemy: How Germany cares for her war disabled
Philadelphia, Lea & Febiger, 1918
Military Medical Manual No 5
*McKenzie RT. Reclaiming the maimed: A handbook of physical therapy
New York, Macmillan, 1918
A summary of therapy techniques of value in treating the disabled serviceman, including a section on the masking of facial deformity. After the war Tait McKenzie became preoccupied with depicting in sculpture the “typical physique”, in Nietzschean style
Maclean H. Albuminuria and war nephritis among British troops in France
London, Medical Research Committee, 1919
MacMurtrie DC. The disabled soldier
New York, Macmillan, 1919
Makins GH. Gunshot injuries of the arteries
London, Oxford University Press, 1914
Mackintosh DJ. Construction and management of a general hospital
Edinburgh, Hodge, 1916
*Maltz M. Evolution of Plastic Surgery
New York, Froben Press, 1946
A general study of plastic surgery from its origins in antiquity. Contains a section on the plastic surgery developments of the Great War
Marion G. Chirurgie de Guerre (War Surgery). Indications Générales du Traitement des plaies de guerre.
Paris, Maloine, 1916
Manual of medicaments, splints etc
*Marchet G. Die Versorgung der Kriegsinvaliden und ihrer hinterbliebenen
(Care of war invalids and their dependents)
Warnsdorf, Verlag Ed. Strache, 1915
*Marr HC. Psychoses of the war, including neurasthenia and shell shock
New York, Oxford University Press, 1919
Maxwell WN. A psychological retrospect of the Great War
London, Allen & Unwin, 1923
Maxwell Lefroy H. Measures for avoidance and extermination of flies, mosquitoes, lice and other vermin
London, Thacker, 1915
Medical War Manuals.
Philadelphia & New York, Lea & Febiger, 1917
*No 1: Vedder EB. Sanitation for Medical Officers
*No 2: Goodwin TH. Notes for Army Medical Officers
Pocket books for officers in the field; the first is interspersed with blank sheets of lined paper so that notes can be kept
*Misch J, Rumpel C. Die Kriegsverletzungen der Kiefer und Angrenzenden Teile. Ein Kurzgefasstes Lehrbuch für Zahnarzte und Ärzte zum Gebrauch im Felde und in der Heimat. (War injuries of the jaw and adjoining parts. A dentist's and doctor's concise lesson book for use on the battlefield and on the home front
Berlin, Hermann Meusser, 1916
A profusely illustrated textbook on jaw injuries, with numerous examples of superficial surgery and splinting
Military Medical Manuals (general editor Surgeon General Sir Alfred Keogh)
University of London Press, 1917-18
A series of ready reference works translated from the French. The advertisement sheets state “Each translation has been made by a practised hand, and is edited by a specialist in the branch of surgery or medicine covered by the volume.... Each volume in the series is complete in itself, while the whole will form a comprehensive picture of the medicine and surgery of the Great War”. They were published by Masson et Cie in Paris as part of the Horizon collection; a number of these were not translated, and these are included here with a ~ prefix
*Abadie G. (Ed Arbuthnot Lane A). Wounds of the abdomen
Armand-Delille P, Abrami P, Paisseau G, Lemaire H. (Ed Ross D). Malaria: Clinical and haematological features. Principles of treatment
*Babinski J, Froment J (ed Farquhar Buzzard E). Hysteria or Pithiatism and Reflex Nervous Disorders in the Neurology of War
An account, with bibliography, of war-studies on hysteria and of the authors' own work
*Benisty A (ed Farquhar Buzzard E). The clinical forms of nerve lesions
Benisty A (ed Farquhar Buzzard E). The treatment and repair of nerve lesions
~Bertein P, Nimier A. Les premières heures du Blessé de guerre. Du trou d’obus au poste de secours
(the first hours of a war casualty from injury to aid post)
*Bourgeois H, Sourdille H. (Ed Dundas Grant J) War otitis and war deafness.
Broca A. (trans Renfrew White J, ed Elmslie RC). The After-Effects of Wounds of the Bones and Joints
*Broca A and DuCroquet J (trans /ed. Elmslie RC). Artificial limbs
*Carrel A, Dehelly G (trans Child H) The Treatment of Infected Wounds
A description of the Carrel-Dakin method using antiseptic solutions. Also published in the USA by Hoeber
*Chatelin C, de Martel D (ed Burghard FF). Wounds of the skull and brain
Courtois-Suffit MM, Giroux R (ed Bruce D, Golla F). Abnormal forms of tetanus
~Desfosses P, Charles-Robert. La Suspension dans la Traitement des Fractures. Appareils Anglo-Américains (Suspension in fracture management. Anglo-American equipment)
~Grégoire R, Courcoux. Plaies de la Plèvre et du Poumon (Injuries of pleura and lung)
Imbert L, Réal P (ed Colyer JF). Fractures of the lower jaw
*Lagrange F (trans Child C). Fractures of the orbit and injuries of the eye in war
~Lepine J. Troubles mentaux de guerre (Psychiatric disorders of war)
~Leri A. Commotions et Émotions de guerre (Shock and emotion in war)
Leriche R (ed Burghard FF). The treatment of fractures (2 vols; 1: Fractures involving joints; 2: Fractures of the shaft
de Martel T. Blessures du Crâne. Traitement opératoire des plaies du crane (Operative treatment of cranial injuries)
The English version was co-edited by Chatelin (vide supra)
Ombrédanne A, Ledoux-Lebard M (ed Reid AD). Localisation and extraction of projectiles
French edition *(Localisation et extraction des projectiles, 1918). Contains a useful summary of radiological techniques and risks
~Policard A. L’Évolution de la Plaie de guerre. Mecanismes biologiques fondamentaux (The evolution of war wounds. Fundamental biological mechanisms)
~Ravaud P. Syphilis. Paludisme. Amibiase. Cures initiales et blanchiment (Syphilis, malaria and amoebiasis; initial cures and hygiene)
Roussy G, Lhermitte J (trans Christopherson WB, ed Aldren Turner W). The Psychoneuroses of War
A discussion in the main of shell-shock. Though the French had no word for this condition they were assiduous in treating it and claimed a 98 per cent recovery rate. The French version appears to have different authors (Roussy, Boisseau & d’Oelsnitz)
Sencert L. (Ed Burghard FF). Wounds of the blood vessels
*Thibierge G. (Ed Marshall CF). Syphilis and the Army
The editor remarks that current British treatment was intravenous injection of a salvarsan 'substitute' combined with intra-muscular injections of mercury.
~Vallat. Accidents du Travail des ouvriers des usines et établissements de la guerre (Work accidents in factories and other war establishments)
*Vincent H, Muratet L (trans / ed Rolleston JD). Typhoid fevers and paratyphoid fevers
Vincent H, Muratet L (ed Low GC). Dysenteries, Cholera and exanthematic typhus
*French edition (Paris, Masson et cie Editeurs / Libraires de l’Academie de Medicine, 1917)
*~Zimmern A, Perol P. Electrodiagnostic de guerre (Electrodiagnosis in war)
Paris, Masson et Cie, 1917
A manual of electrodiagnostic tests for the diagnosis of nerve injuries etc
*Ministry of Munitions. An Atlas of Gas Poisoning
London, H.M.S.O., 1918.
Reprinted for the American Red Cross
*Möhring, B. Zur Indikation und Technik der Unterkiefer-Resektionsprothese (Indications for and techniques of resection and reconstruction of the mandible)
Berlin, Hermann Meusser,1914
*Morin J. Contribution à l’étude de la ration alimentaire du soldat Suisse
Lausanne, Imprimeries Réunies, 1917
Published under the auspices of the University of Lausanne’s Institute of Hygiene and Parasitology, this thesis examines the rations provided to officers and men of the Second Division and compares them with those of the French, Italian, Austrian and German armies. The conclusion is that the rations are inferior!
Mott FW. War neurosis and shell shock
London, Henry Frowde/Hodder& Stoughton, 1919
Muntsch O. Leitfaden der Pathologie und Therapie der Kampfstofferkrankungen (Handbook on the pathology and therapy of wartime poison gas casualties)
Murard L, Zylberman P. L'hygiène dans la République: la santé publique en France ou l'utopie contrariée : 1870-1918
Paris, Fayard 1996
*Myers CS. Shell shock in France, 1914 1918 based on a war diary kept by Charles S. Myers
London, Cambridge University Press, 1940
*National Health Insurance Medical Research Committee. Bacteriological Studies in the Pathology and Preventive Control of Cerebro-spinal Fever among the Forces during 1915 and 1916.
London, HMSO, 1917
A study of the features of, method of spread and investigation of meningococcal meningitis, which threatened an epidemic among recruits in 1915. Detailed descriptions of preventative measures, and photographs of the mobile laboratory
*Nichols TB. Organisation, Strategy and Tactics. The Army Medical Services in War
London, Baillière Tindall & Cox, 1937 (& 2nd Edition, 1941)
Reference work produced, as it happens, just in time for the Second World War but largely derived from medical experience in the First.
Oxford War Primers of Medicine and Surgery
A series of pocket sized books similar in purpose to the Military medical Manuals series, but all originally in English. Published jointly by the Oxford University Press, Henry Frowde and Hodder & Stoughton
*Power d'A. Wounds in war: Their treatment and results. 1915
*Bathe Rawling L. Surgery of the Head. 1915
Designed as a text for surgeons at CCS and base hospitals. The author writes “In all probability the present war will evidence a higher ratio of head cases as compared with the rest of the body”.
*Jones R. Injuries of the joints (2nd ed. 1918)
Hey Groves EW. Gunshot injuries of bones. 1915
*Stewart P, Evans AH. Nerve injuries and their treatment. 1916
Keogh Murphy J. Wounds of the thorax in war. 1915
*Morison R. BIPP Treatment of War Wounds. 1918
Bipp was an antiseptic paste composed of iodoform, bismuth subnitrate and liquid paraffin, which was applied to open wounds and allowed to dry out before being peeled off, supposedly taking the infection with it.
Morison R, Richardson WG. Abdominal injuries. 1915
Ramsay AM et al. Injuries of the eyes, nose, throat and ears.1915
Harris W. Nerve injuries and shock.1915
*Squire JE. Medical Hints (Oxford War Primers series). 1915
Chapters on the management of infectious diseases, rheumatism, frostbite, body parasites and malingering among others. Concludes with a section entitled “Discipline in Hospitals”
*Dupuy GM. The Stretcher Bearer: A Companion to the R.A.M.C. Training Book
In landscape format, it differs from the others in the series. 138 photographs illustrate stretcher drill, which must have been largely unnecessary under trench conditions
Horder TJ. Cerebro-spinal fever
Page CM. A Medical field service handbook
OWP series 1918
*Parreidt J. Handbuch der Zahnersatzkunde: mit einschluss der Technik des kiefer-, gaumen- und nasenersatzes (Handbook of dental reconstruction and the techniques of jaw, palate and nasal prosthetics)
Leipzig, Arthur Felix, 1919
A substantial text on dental reconstructive work, with numerous illustrations of splints, prostheses and manufacturing equipment
*Penhallow DP. Military surgery
New York, Oxford University Press, 1918
*Pfaff HW, Schönbeck F. Kursus der Zahnärztlichen Kriegschirurgie und Ontgentechnik (Course on war dental surgery and radiography)
Leipzig, Verlag von Dr Werner Klinkhardt, 1916
Porter, WT. Shock at the Front.
Boston, The Atlantic Monthly Press, 1918.
Research on the causes and cure of traumatic shock during World War I
Plowman CF, Dearden WF. Fighting the fly peril
London, Unwin, 1915
*Prakken H. Beitrage zum Studium von Genese und praktischem Verschluss der Kieferhohle- mundhohle-verbindunen unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Kriegsverletzung (Contribution to the study of War injuries of the mouth and jaw and the development of closure techniques)
Joure (Netherlands), Vereenigde Jouster Drukkerijen, 1937
Hendrik Prakken’s dissertation for the University of Münster, illustrated with his own drawings and photographs
Prentiss AM. Chemicals in War. A treatise on chemical warfare
*Privat, J. La Mécanothérapie de Guerre. (Mechanotherapy of War)
*RAMC Training Manual
The standard reference work for the RAMC, including drills and exercise, first aid, nursing and cooking advice.
Ranke K.E. Richtlinien der Tuberkulosebekaempfung nach den Krieg für Beamtete Ärzte (Guidelines for doctors in charge for fighting against tuberculosis after the War)
Wuerbur / Leipzig, Kabitzsch, 1919
Read C.S. Military psychiatry in peace and war
London, Lewis, 1920.
*Roberts J. War surgery of the face. A treatise on plastic restoration after facial surgery.
New York, William Wood & Co, 1919,
Roth PB. Notes on military orthopaedics
London, Henry Kimpton, 1916
Salmon TW. The care and treatment of mental diseases and war neuroses : ("shell shock") in the British Army
Sauerbruchs F. Die Willkruerlich Bewaegbare Kuenstliche Hand. Eine Anleitung für Chirurgen und Techniker. (The artificial moving hand. Advice to surgeons and technicians)
Berlin, Springer, 1916
Sauerbruch's hand was the first really satisfactory arm and hand prosthesis.
*van Schelven T. Oorlogsneurologie. Ervaringen over verwondingen van het zenuwgestel en over neurosen (War neurology. Experiments on injuries on nerves and on neuroses)
Amsterdam, Scheltema en Holkema, c.1916
von Schjerning O (ed.). Handbuch der Ärtzlichen Erfahrungen im Weltkriege 1914/18 (Handbook of medical experience of the World War)
Leipzig, JA Barth
The definitive work, in 9 parts, from German WW1 experience, published in Leipzig, as follows:
~*Vols I & II. Payr E, Franz C (eds). Chirurgie, 1922
Vol III. Krehl L (ed). Innere Medizin (Internal medicine),1921
Vol IV. Bonhoeffer K (ed). Geistes- und Nerven-Krankheiten (Psychology & Neurology), 1921
*Vol V. Axenfeld T (ed). Augenheilkunde, 1922
This manual covered new results of War ophthalmology.
Vol VI. Vos O, Killian G (eds). Gehörorgan obere Luft- und Speisewege (Ears and upper respiratory and digestive tracts),1921
Vol. VII. Hoffmann W (ed). Hygiene, 1922
Vol VIII. Aschoff L (ed). Pathologie Anatomie, 1921
*Vol IX. Grashey R (ed). Roentgenologie, 1922
*Schloessmann H. Der Nervenschussschmerz (Nerve pain due to bullet wounds)
Berlin, Springer, 1917
*Shephard B. A War of Nerves. Soldiers and Psychiatrists 1914-1994
London, Jonathan Cape, 2000
A comprehensive survey of war neurosis from shellshock to post-traumatic stress disorder. WW1 is covered in detail; an excellent introduction, as it is not too technical
Shera AG. Vaccines and sera: their clinical value in Military and Civilian practice
OWP series, 1918
*Shipley AE. The minor Horrors of War
London, Smith Elder a & Co, 1916
Reference work on lice, fleas, flies, leeches etc— not, in the trenches, very “minor” at all.
*Shipley AE. More Minor Horrors
London, Smith Elder, 1916
Cockroaches, mosquitoes, rats, mice etc. Some amusing quotations
*Silberstein Adolf (ed). Ergebnisse der Kriegsinvalidenfürsorge im KGL Orthopaed. Reserve-Lazarett Nuernberg (Results of the care of war invalids in the Royal Orthopaedic Reserve military hospital, Nürnberg).
Nürnberg / Würzburg / Kubitzsh, 1916
Slade GH. Two sticks.
London, Mills & Boon, 1923
Smith GE, Pear TH. Shell shock and its lessons
London, Longmans, 1917
Spire C,. Lombardy P. Précis d'organisation et de fonctionnement du service de santé en temps de guerre. Principes de tactique sanitaire.
Paris, Lavauzelle, 1925
*Southard EE. Shell shock and other neuropsychiatric problems presented in five hundred and eighty nine case histories from the war literature, 1914 1918
Boston, Leonard, 1919
Nearly 1000 pages, with an extensive bibliography
*Staige Davis J. Plastic Surgery: its Principles And Practice
Philadelphia, P. Blakiston Son & Co., 1919
*Strong RP et al. Trench fever.
London, Oxford Medical Publications (Henry Frowde/Hodder & Stoughton 1918)
A detailed research treatise describing experiments performed on volunteers which proved that trench fever was transmitted by lice
*Strong RP. Typhus fever, with particular reference to the Serbian epidemics
Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 1920
Surgeon General’s Office (USA). Principles of War Surgery, based on conclusions adopted at the various interallied surgical conferences
*Surgeon General's Office. Abstracts Of War Surgery: An abstract of the war literature of general surgery that has been published since the declaration of war in 1914
St. Louis, C.V. Mosby Co., 1918
General topics include "Wound Infection and Treatment", "Tetanus", "Gas Gangrene", Abdomen", “Chest", "Cardiovascular Surgery", "Joints", "Fractures", "Burns", "Anesthesia in Warfare", "Trench-
Foot", "Foreign Bodies", "Peripheral Nerve Injuries" and "Jaws and Face". The articles have been abstracted from a number of medical journals of all nationalities
Sutton S. The fitting out and administration of a Naval Hospital Ship
Bristol John Wright, 1918
Taylor, CRS. The psychology of the Great War
London, Secker, 1915
Thourén G. Tandläkarnes sanitetsverksamhet under krig. (The work of the dentist and his measures for hygiene in war)
Tinel J. Les blessures des nerfs
Paris, Masson & Cie, 1916.
Gunshot wounds of peripheral nerves were a common feature of World War I, as indeed of all wars. The effects of such wounds were studied most closely by Tinel.
Topley WWC. A report on the probable proportion of enteric infections among the undiagnosed febrile cases invalided from the Western Front since October 1916
London, Medical Research Committee, 1920
Underhill FP. Lethal War Gases. Physiology and Experimental Treatment;
New Haven, Yale University Press 1920
*Vaughan E. La Réeducation professionelle des Soldats Aveugles
Paris, Imprimerie Levé, 1915
*Vedder EH. The medical aspects of chemical warfare
London, Bailliere, 1925
Waldmann A, Hoffmann W. Lehrbuch der Militärhygiene
Berlin, Springer, 1936
*Wallace CS. War surgery of the abdomen
London, Churchill; New York, Blakiston, 1918
A comprehensive review of what might be expected at operation, with many statistics. The most horrifying of these is the overall mortality of more than 50% of casualties reaching an operating hospital
*Wallace CS, Fraser J. Surgery at a casualty clearing station
London, A&C Black, 1918
*Warthin AS, Weller CV. The Medical Aspects of Mustard Gas Poisoning
London, Kimpton, 1919.
*Warwick James W, Fickling BW. Injuries of the jaws and face
London, John Bale and Staples Ltd, 1940
Published after the start of the Second World War, this textbook is based on the authors’ experience at the 3rd London General Hospital in WW1. Curiously it makes no reference at all to the facial work done at Sidcup; and even then, only 20 years or so after the end of the First War, most of the casenotes from the hospital had disappeared
*Weil GP. Le Role du Pharmacien dans la guerre des Gaz
Brussels, Jeune Pharmacie, 1934
A short summary of the pharmacology of gas warfare, including sections on production, actions, detection, neutralisation, protection and treatment
* Whitehead I. Doctors in the Great War
London, Leo Cooper, 1999
A study of the development of medical services before and during the war
Wicherink JW. Na den Orloog. Beschouwingen wenschen, wenken op hygienisch gebied (After the War. Reflections on hygienic measurements to be taken in wartime)
Haarlem, Bohn Luc, 1918
*Wilbrand H, Sänger A. Die Verletzungen der Sehbahnen des Gehirns mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der Kriegsverletzungen. (Injuries of the central nervous system in war, with particular reference to the part related to vision)
Wiesbaden, Bergmann, 1918.
Williger F. (et al.) Die Zahnärtzliche Hilfe im Felde (Dental care on the battlefield)
Willoughby WG, Cassidy L. Anti-malaria work in Macedonia among British Troops
London, HK Lewis, 1918
*Wilmer WH. Aviation medicine in the A.E.F.
Washington DC, Dept. of Army, 1920
A detailed review of many aspects of aviation including physiology and psychiatry
*Winternitz, M. C. Collected Studies on the Pathology of War Gas Poisoning, from the Dept. of Pathology & Bacteriology, Chemical Warfare Service.
New Haven, Yale University Press, 1920.
Wood RC. The Soldiers’ First Aid. A simple treatise on how to treat a wounded comrade.
New York & London, Macmillan, 1918
Wright AE. Wound Infections and Some New Methods for the Study of the Various Factors which come into Consideration in their Treatment
London, University of London Press, 1915.
*Almroth Wright was perhaps the bacteriologist par excellence of the Great War era
*Yealland L.R. Hysterical Disorders of Warfare.
Macmillan and Co Ltd, London, 1918
Yealland worked in London at the National Hospital, Queen Square, and was the archetype exponent of the ruthless, “pull yourself together” style of shellshock management
6. General books
*Anon. Orpington from Saxon Times to the Great War
Orpington, Workers’ Educational Association, n.d. (1919)
A village history, of interest because it records in some detail the work of the Ontario Military Hospital (including the Facial Unit under Major Le Sueur), the local VAD Hospital, the RASC and No 8 Kent Field Ambulance. A copy of the book was presented to the relatives of all the Overseas soldiers buried in Orpington Churchyard
+Barker R. The Royal Flying Corps in France: from Mons to the Somme
London, Constable, 1994
+Barker R. The Royal Flying Corps in France: from Bloody April 1917 to Final Victory
London, Constable, 1995
*Bourke J. Dismembering the Male. Men's Bodies, Britain and the Great War
London, Reaktion Books, 1996
An interesting study of the body, with sections on mutilation and malingering (which includes a discussion of the problems of shell-shock), though with only passing reference to facial mutilation
*Brown M. The Imperial War Museum Book of the Western Front
London, Sidgwick & Jackson, 1993
*Brown M. The Imperial War Museum Book of the Somme
London, Sidgwick & Jackson 1996
+Bryant A. Jackets of Green.
London, Collins & Co., 1972
History of the King’s Royal Rifle Corps, colloquially known as the Greenjackets
*Clark A. The Donkeys
London, Hutchinson 1961 (Pimlico ed 1991)
The classic “revisionist” history which decried the generals as donkeys who led lions, based on the disaster of Neuve Chapelle in 1915
*Cave N. Battleground Europe: Somme; Beaumont Hamel
London, Leo Cooper, 1994
One of a series of battlefield guides detailing events on the ground in a small part of the field, with details of how to visit the site and what to see today. Using these, and Chris McCarthy’s “Day by Day” accounts of the Somme and Passchendaele (q.v.) it has often been possible to determine the place of injury of many of the Queen's Hospital patients
*Cave N. Battleground Europe: Ypres. Sanctuary Wood and Hooge
London, Leo Cooper 1993 (revised 1995)
*Cave N. Battleground Europe: Arras. Vimy Ridge
London, Leo Cooper 1996
*Cecil H, Liddle P. Facing Armageddon. The First World War Experienced
London, Pen & Sword Books, 1996
Papers from an international conference held in Leeds in 1994, with a section on medical aspects of the war, compiled into a huge book.
*Collier R. The Plague of the Spanish Lady. The Influenza Pandemic of 1918-1919.
London, Macmillan, 1974
Written in rather vivid journalistic style, but capturing the scale and enormity of a modern plague which accounted for the death of over 20 million people worldwide
*Cooper B. The Ironclads of Cambrai.
Souvenir Press, 1967 (Pan Books ed.1970)
*Farrar-Hockley AH. The Somme
London, Batsford Ltd, 1964; Pan Books ed.1966
*Fussell P. The Great War and Modern Memory
Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1975
An interesting book which appears to have fallen into disfavour (see Stephen M, “The Price of Pity” for an exposition on this theme)
Gerber DA (ed). Disabled veterans in history
Ann Arbor, University of Michigan Press, 2000
An historical review, comprising a series of essays ranging from 16th century England to Vietnam. Two essays cover WW1; Resnick writes about orthopaedic services developed at Shepherd’s Bush hospital (now the Hammersmith) and Cohen about British and German veterans and work
*Gilbert M. First World War
London, Weidenfeld & Nicholson 1994; Penguin ed 1995
*Gliddon G. Legacy of the Somme 1916. The battle in film, fact and fiction
Stroud, Sutton Publishing Ltd 1996
A comprehensive bibliography of publications which refer to the Somme, including many regimental histories as well as general books.
*Graves D. A Crown of Life: The World of John McCrae
Staplehurst, Spellmount Ltd, 1997
Biography of John McCrae, soldier, doctor and poet (q.v.)
*Griffith P (ed). British Fighting Methods in the Great War
London & Portland, Frank Cass, 1996
A series of essays on various tactical aspects of the war, including an essay by Geoffrey Noon on the treatment of casualties
Hargrave J. The Suvla Bay Landing
London, Macdonald, 1964
The author served with the 32nd Field Ambulance, Xth (Irish) Division. The book is part personal memoir, part campaign history
*Harris J. The Somme: Death of a Generation
London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1966
*Holden W. Shell Shock. The Psychological Impact of war.
London, Channel 4 Books, 1998
The first three chapters cover the Great War and its aftermath
*Holding N. World War I Army Ancestry
Birmingham, Federation of Family History Societies, 1982, 2nd Ed 1991
*Holding N. More sources of World War I Army Ancestry
Birmingham, Federation of Family History Societies, 1986, 2nd Ed 1991
These two publications by Norman Holding provide an essential guide to tracking down information about men serving in the British army in the Great War. The author’s father served in the ASC and RAMC, and Holding compiled his books while tracing his details.
* Holding N. Location of Army Records of the First World War
*Horne A. The Price of Glory. Verdun 1916
London, Macmillan, 1962 (Penguin ed 1994)
The definitive English language account of the horror of Verdun, which the Somme offensive was designed to relieve.
*Horsfall J, Cave N. Battleground Europe: Somme. Serre.
London, Leo Cooper 1996
*Keegan J. The Face of Battle
London, Jonathan Cape, 1976 (Penguin ed 1978)
Detailed analysis of Agincourt (1415), Waterloo (1815) and the Somme
*Keegan J. Battle at Sea. From Man of War to Submarine
London, Pimlico, 1993
Including an account of the battle of Jutland
*Knightley P. The First Casualty. From the Crimea to the Falklands: The War Correspondent as Hero, Propagandist and Myth Maker
London, André Deutsch, 1975 (Pan Books Ed. 1989)
+Liddle PH. The Airman’s War 1914-18
Poole, Blandford Press, 1987
A photograph of Lieut Bath, a Canadian pilot, having a shave is included. Bath later crashed and was treated for his facial fractures at the Queen’s Hospital
*Liddle PH. The Worst Ordeal. Britons at Home and Abroad 1914-1918
London, Leo Cooper, 1994
A compilation of photographs and personal memories illustrating many aspects of war, with a number of references to physical and psychological injury. Bell, a Sidcup patient, is illustrated
*Liddle P. (Ed). Passchendaele in Perspective. The Third Battle of Ypres
London, Leo Cooper, 1997
A detailed compilation of articles including an evaluation by Ian Whitehead of casualties and the British Medical Services
*Macdonald L. The Roses of No Man's Land.
London, Michael Joseph, 1980
The definitive book on nursing experience, told by many personally interviewed nurses, of nursing experiences of the Great War. It includes a section on the sculpting of “Tin Faces” to cover facial defects.
*Macdonald L. Somme.
London, Michael Joseph, 1983
*Macdonald L. They called it Passchendaele
London, Michael Joseph, 1978 (Penguin ed 1993)
*Macdonald L. 1914-1918. Voices and Images of the Great War
London, Michael Joseph, 1988; Penguin Ed 1991
*Masefield J. The Battle of the Somme.
London, William Heinemann, 1919: Reprinted Cedric Chivers 1968
*McCarthy C. The Somme. The Day by Day Account.
London, Arms and Armour Press, 1993
*McCarthy C. The Third Ypres: Passchendaele. The Day-by-Day Account
London, Arms and Armour Press, 1995
Two books detailing actions on each day of the Somme and Third Ypres campaigns. Fully illustrated with many battlefield maps.
*Mawson TH. An Imperial Obligation. Industrial Villages for Partially Disabled Soldiers and Sailors.
London, Grant Richards Ltd, 1917
A curious publication setting out plans for the development of special facilities for disabled servicemen— a project which was never realised.
*McKee A. Vimy Ridge
London, Souvenir Press 1966
*Middlebrook M. The First Day on the Somme.
London, Allen Lane, 1981
*Pugsley C. On the Fringe of Hell. New Zealanders and military discipline in the First World War.
Auckland, Hodder & Stoughton, 1991
An interesting study of soldiers’ behaviour, with an account of the Antipodean attitude to capital punishment which is important reading.
*Prior R, Wilson T. Passchendaele: The Untold Story
New Haven & London, Yale University Press, 1996
A “Haig was wrong” history, but detailed and largely objective in approach, and very comprehensive. Well written.
*Stedman M. Battleground Europe: Somme. Thiepval.
London, Leo Cooper 1995
*Stephen M. The Price of Pity
London, Leo Cooper, 1996
A finely written book dealing robustly with many war myths, and with an interesting analysis of war poetry and the men who wrote it
*Taylor FAJ. The bottom of the barrel.
London-New York, Regency Press, 1978
‘Tanky’ Taylor’s memoirs, containing a powerful description of a German soldier with a facial injury.
*Terraine J. To Win a War. 1918, The Year of Victory
London, Sidgwick & Jackson, 1978 (Papermac ed 1986)
The archetype “Haig was right” book detailing the failings (on both sides) of the German advance of March, and the allied successes from July and August which led to Victory. The American contribution is put into context, Terraine noting that most of their armaments were British or French, and that it was the numbers and tenacity of the fighting men that helped turn the tide
*Terraine J. The Smoke and the Fire. Myths and anti-myths of War 1861-1945
London, Sidgwick & Jackson, 1980
*Terraine J. White Heat. The New Warfare 1914-1918
London, Guild Publishing, 1982
A careful analysis of the new war technology, in particular the machine gun and heavy artillery.
*Vansittart P. John Masefield’s Letters from the Front 1915-17
New York, Franklin Watts, 1985
Includes Masefield’s account of his visit to Neuilly, with a description of facial injury
*Warner P. World War One. A chronological Narrative.
London, Arms and Armour Press, 1995
*Watrin J. The British Military Cemeteries in the Region of Boulogne-sur-Mer.
Lewes, The Book Guild, 1987
A brief guide to the cemeteries, most of which, in this area, were near to the coastal base hospitals. A number of doctors and nurses who died lie here; John McCrae (q.v.), author of “In Flanders Fields”, is interred at Wimereux. Includes a description of the work of the St John’s Hospital established at Etaples in 1915.
*Winter J, Baggett B. 1914-18: The Great War and the Shaping of the 20th Century
London, BBC Books, 1996
Based on the BBC television series which was screened first in 1996-7. A section on facial disfigurement in the French army, quoting the experience of Henriette Rémi (q.v.)
*Winter D. Death’s Men. Soldiers of the Great War
London, Allen Lane 1978; Penguin Books 1979
Contains a chapter on wounds and injury
*Wolff L. In Flanders Fields
London, Longman Green & Co, 1958
The classic account of the Western Front battles of 1917
+Young A. The Harmony of Illusions. Inventing post-traumatic stress disorder
Princeton, Princeton University Press, 1996
Analysis of the development of the modern concept of PTSD, with a substantial section on the Great War and the contributions of Rivers and Yealland among others.
7. Journals of hospitals and other units; part works
A large number of medical and ambulance units printed journals or magazines and there is a large collection of these in the British Library (from the bibliography of which (q.v.) many of these references are derived).
2/1st West Lancashire Field Ambulance
Motley. Liverpool, 1918 etc.
*Beaver P (Ed) The Wipers Times. A complete facsimile...
London, Peter Davies Ltd, 1973
Behind the Lines; The unofficial magazine of No. 10 Stationary Hospital.
Somewhere in France. 1916-
*“Carry On”. A Magazine on the Reconstruction of Disabled Soldiers and Sailors
New York, American Red Cross (published for the Surgeon-General) 1918-
With a distinguished Editorial Board, this illustrated journal describes the scope of post-war rehabilitation of disabled soldiers and includes information on occupational therapy, physiotherapy and proposals for employment; the archive possesses 3 issues
Clearings; Canadian Contingent, B.E.F. No. 4 Casualty Clearing Station
Gazette; First Eastern General Hospital, Cambridge
Huddersfield War Hospital Magazine.
*Journal of the 3rd London General Hospital, Wandsworth
See the entries for Muir W. Our incomplete run is full of hospital anecdotes, cartoons and other material to lift the spirits. The famous cartoonist H.M.Bateman drew a few. “The Doings of Donovan” (q.v.) first appeared here
Peeko Journal. The Organ of ‘P’ Company, RAMC
One issue of this journal, from a unit based at Longleat House in Wiltshire, has been catalogued
Record; The Chain Tuffieha, Malta,.
*”Stand Easy” (Chronicles of Cliveden)
We possess one bound volume of this journal of the Canadian Hospital, Taplow, Berks, covering May-November 1918 (it commences at issue 23). That the hospital inmates were encouraged to visit Taplow village (which lies adjacent to the great house of Cliveden, previously owned by the Astor family) is evident from the large number of local advertisements. The hospital later evolved into the Canadian Red Cross Hospital, famous as the birthplace of paediatric rheumatology under Dr Barbara Ansell.
The Bath Bun : the book of the Bath War Hospital.
The Bearer Post.
The Harefield Park Boomerang; Australian Contingent, B.E.F. First Auxiliary Hospital, Harefield.
The Iodex; Shoreham, Kent, V.A.D. Hospital.
The Iodine Chronicle; No. 2 Field Ambulance, 1st Division
The Jackass; the First Australian General Hospital monthly.
The Kit-Bag; 2nd Southern General Hospital.
The Korero “Aotea.”; New Zealand Contingent, B.E.F. Aotea Convalescent Home, Heliopolis, Cairo.
*The Lead Swinger. The Bivouac Journal of the 1/3 W.Riding Field Ambulance
September 1915 to March 1919
Sheffield, J.W.Northend Ltd, Printers, 1921
The Poultice; 1/2nd West Riding Field Ambulance.
In the Field, 1916-
The R.A.M.C. Depot Magazine; Royal Army Medical Corps.
The R.A.M.C. Magazine.
The Return: the journal of the Lancashire Military Convalescent Hospital, Blackpool.
The Rifle Splint. A weekly return of the 3rd Sub-Division Training Centre.
The Scullery Mail; New Zealand Military Hospital, Walton-on-Thames.
The Searchlight; 2nd Western General Hospital, Manchester.
Manchester, 1916, etc.
The Splint Record; No. 2 Field Ambulance, 1st Division.
The Summerdown Camp Journal
The Stretcher Bearer; London Field Ambulances.
South Harrow, 1915
The Tabloid; Motor Ambulance Convoy No. 2. .
The Welsh RAMC Gazette vol 1. Nos 1-3. May-July 1915.
The Wit. The organ of the R.A.M.C. Training Centre, Ripon.
Wails of the Wounded; or convalescent carollings; Royal Free Military Hospital, London, 1916
The Great War (ed H.W.Wilson)
London, Amalgamated Press
A weekly history, profusely illustrated. Issue 132* contains an article entitled “How the Wounded were Brought Home”
*The “Manchester Guardian” History of the Great War
A bimonthly series, lavishly illustrated, with photographs of very superior quality to those of the Amalgamated Press part-work. The Gillies Archive contains the issues from August 1914 to May 1916, many of which contain illustrations of wounded men & hospitals
8. Poetry and artistic representations of injury
*“A Friend”. Bairnsfather. A few Fragments from His Life.
Hodder & Stoughton for “The Bystander”, no date
Brief biography of the trenches’ most famous cartoonist
*Anon. Mr Punch’s History of the Great War
London, Cassell, 1919
A diary style account of monthly contributions with cartoons
*Anon. The Queen’s Gift Book. In aid of Queen Mary’s convalescent auxiliary hospitals for soldiers and sailors who have lost their limbs in the War
London, Hodder & Stoughton, n.d.
Foreword by John Galsworthy; contributions include stories by J.M.Barrie, John Buchan, Joseph Conrad, Conan Doyle and Jerome K. Jerome. Contains a number of tipped-in colour illustrations of a sentimental or patriotic nature
*Bairnsfather B. Bullets and Billets
London, Grant Richards, 1916
*Bairnsfather B. Fragments from France
London, for “The Bystander”
A series of seven (possibly eight) soft cover compilations of Bairnsfather cartoons, including a few depicting injury
*Clapham M (Ed). The Wordsworth Book of First World War Poetry
Ware, Wordsworth Editions Ltd
*Cork R. A Bitter Truth. Avant-Garde Art and the Great War
New Haven & London, Yale University Press, 1994
A remarkable and comprehensive book produced to accompany a major exhibition held at the Barbican Art Gallery, London, in 1994. It includes many images of injury by Beckmann, Dix, Chagall, Grosz and Tonks
*Dowd JH (illus). The Doings of Donovan
London, Country Life, n.d.
The collected cartoons (first published in the hospital’s journal) chronicling the treatment and convalescence at the 3rd London General Hospital, Wandsworth of the fictional Donovan, an amusing and often mischievous Irishman with an eye for the ladies. A well observed account of hospital life.
*Eberle M. World War I and the Weimar Artists
New Haven & London, Yale University Press, 1985
A discussion of the wartime work of Dix, Grosz, Beckmann and Schlemmer
*Friedrich E. War against War!
Frankfurt, Zweitausendeins, 1924 (US edition Seattle, The Real Comet Press, 1987)
An extraordinary anti-war polemic illustrated with gruesome photographs of dead soldiers and executed civilians, with a section, cynically captioned, on facial injury with 25 mutilated faces
*Friedrich E. Nie Wieder Krieg! No more War! Plus jamais de Guerre! Nunca jamas Guerra! Nooit meer Oorlog! Aldrig mere Krig!
Amsterdam, International Federation of Trade Unions, 1929
A slim softback in six languages (German, English, French, Spanish, Dutch and Danish) comprising a selection of Friedrich’s photographs of the horrors of war, with an appeal by Friedrich for more material for his anti-war Museum
*Gardner B (Ed). Up the Line to Death. The War Poets 1914-1918
London, Methuen & Co, 1964 (revised 1986)
Includes Owen’s “The First Field Dressing” from “Parenthesis”
*Goodchild G (ed). The Blinded soldiers and sailors gift book
London, Jarrold, n.d.; New York, Putnam, 1916
Sold to support the work of St Dunstan’s, this book is an illustrated anthology of prose and poetry with extracts from John Galsworthy, H.G.Wells, G.K Chesterton, and illustrations by Heath Robinson and Sir Frank Brangwyn, among others. The Foreword states “It is merely intended as a Gift Book which... aims at helping those brave fellows who have suffered one of the worst misfortunes that can befall a human being... permanent blindness”
*Gordon H, Tindall MC (illus Joyce Dennys). Our Hospital ABC
London, John Lane & The Bodley Head, n.d.
A nursery rhyme book, with each letter illustrating some aspect of hospital life by a verse and a cartoon. ‘“W” the Woodbines we smoke by the score, Like Oliver Twist we are asking for more’ gives a flavour; and the happy patient in his hospital uniform is seen puffing cheerfully.
A sister volume, “Our Girls in Wartime”*, contains an amusing verse about Nesta, a V.A.D. The archives now possess an original Joyce Dennys drawing
*Hone J. The Life of Henry Tonks
London, Wm Heinemann, 1939
Chapter V details Tonk’s war experience. His 72 pastels of faces executed at Aldershot and Sidcup are in the collection of the Royal College of Surgeons, London and many of his operative diagrams are in the notes in the Gillies Archive at Sidcup
*Howcroft J. Songs of a Broken Airman
London, Hodder & Stoughton, n.d.
Injured in an aeroplane crash in 1916, Howcroft wrote this short and rather sad anthology while recovering from his injuries
*Lindsay D. Daryl Lindsay’s “Digger” Book (intro by CEW Bean)
Melbourne, Sun Art Studios, 1919
Originally issued in soft card covers with a string tie, with 14 illustrations, it was reissued as a limited edition of 450 copies and 30 artist’s proofs. The drawings were made during 1916 before his work at Sidcup and before his appointment as an Official War Artist. Apart from his Sidcup work, there are five pen and wash works in the collection of the Wellcome Foundation and his photograph album, in the RACS in Melbourne, includes a number of pictures of the Western Front as well as images of Sidcup. We possess a line drawing of a “Digger”, which is reproduced (without cigarette) in Lindsay’s books, written with his wife, on the history of the Red Cross. See also entry for Prunster V
+Kennett, Lady Kathleen. Self-Portrait of an Artist.
London, John Murray
Kathleen Scott was the widow of the polar explorer Captain Robert Scott, who perished in his attempt to reach the South Pole. A noted sculptress, she was induced by Tonks to work at Sidcup. She later married Lord Kennet. Much of the book is in diary form and catalogues a remarkable collection of friends in high places.
*McCrae J. In Flanders Fields and Other Poems.
London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1923
John McCrae was a Canadian doctor who died of infection while on active service and is buried in the cemetery at Wimereux, north of Boulogne. His brother Thomas was a surgeon during the war at the Ontario Military Hospital, Orpington, Kent, four miles or so from Sidcup. The book contains a facsimile of McCrae’s handwritten draft of “In Flanders Field” which is noted to be inaccurate. A Canadian commemorative stamp was produced depicting this famous poem.
Mudie-Cooke O. With the V.A.D. Convoys in France, Flanders, Italy
A set of 26 folio lithographs
*Orpen W. An Onlooker in France
London, Williams & Norgate, 1921
This is the standard book of war artists’ experience; but in fact, although Sir William Orpen produced some memorable and powerful work, this autobiographical account is largely of Orpen’s jaunts behind the lines with many senior officers, and his war appears to have been quite genteel
*Owen W. The Pity of War
London, Orion Books ed 1996
An abridged paperback “pocket” edition including “Mental Cases”, “S.I.W.” (Self-inflicted wound), “A Terre” (blindness and depression) and “Hospital Barge at Cérisy”
*Nevinson CRW. Modern War (intro by PG Konody)
London Grant Richards Ltd, 1917
25 plates, one in colour, of Nevinson’s well-known geometric paintings. There are four medical subjects: “The Ambulance Driver”, “The Doctor”, “In the Observation Ward” (a portrait of a shellshock victim) and “La Patrie”, the famous painting of wounded men on stretchers in the train shed at Dunkirk
*Phillips CJ (ed.). Kentish Homes: visited by the staff and nurses of the Ontario Military Hospital Orpington, Kent, in 1916
London, privately printed, 1917
Not a war or medical book at all, but an account of a tour around some of Kent’s great houses. Tours were organised by the author, a resident of Sevenoaks, for medical and nursing staff of the hospital, and the book produced to serve as a permanent reminder. Our copy came from Quebec
*Prunster V. The Legendary Lindsays
Sydney, Art Gallery of New South Wales, 1995
A lavishly illustrated book produced to accompany an exhibition mounted by the gallery, about Australia’s most renowned artistic family of the early 20th Century. While Norman’s work was widely considered pornographic at the time, his younger brother Daryl (1889-1976 - q.v.) was a jackeroo at the onset of war, and his artistic talents were only then to be recognised, when he enlisted and became batman to his brother-in-law, Will Dyson. Working at the Queen’s Hospital, Sidcup, he was befriended by Henry Tonks who introduced him to many of the leading artists of the day. In later life Daryl became a noted art administrator and for many years was Curator of the National Gallery of Victoria.
*Reilly C. (Ed). Stars Upon My Heart. Women’s Poetry and Verse of the First World War
London, Virago, 1981
Contains Margaret Postgate Cole’s poem “The Veteran”
*Rothenstein J. British Artists and the War
London, Peter Davies, 1931
A review of many of the well-known names of British war art including Clausen, Muirhead Bone, Augustus John, Kennington, Lavery, Nash and Spencer
*Sellars S. Art and Survival in First World War Britain
New York, St Martin’s Press, 1987
A sociological study of newspaper, art and film
*Service RW. Rhymes of a Red Cross Man.
New York, Barse and Hopkins, 1916
Includes “Fleurette”, a tender poem about facial disfigurement
*Stephen M. (Ed). Poems of the First World War: ‘Never such Innocence’
London, Buchan & Enright, 1991 (J.M.Dent ed 1994)
Contains three of Wilfred Owen’s poems on injury: “Stretcher Case”, “Disabled” and “Conscious”. Probably the most well-known anthology
*Taylor FAJ. Tanky’s War, or a Private’s Eye View. A Collection of Verses on the Great War
Taunton, Taymark 1984
Contains an interesting verse describing the soldier’s attitude to facial injury; the genesis of this is described in his memoir of the War “The Bottom of the Barrel” (Regency Press, 1978)
*Treves, Sir F (ed). Made in the Trenches. Composed entirely from articles & sketches contributed by soldiers
London, George Allen & Unwin, 1916
A contemporary anthology, the profits from which were donated to the “Star and Garter” Endowment Fund in aid of wounded servicemen. The editor was perhaps the most famous surgeon of the day
*Viney N. Images of Wartime: British art and artists of World War 1
Newton Abbot, David & Charles, 1991
A good introductory text to war artists based on the collection of the Imperial War Museum, London
9. Bibliographies, catalogues, theses etc
+British Museum. Subject Index of the books relating to the European War, 1914-1918, acquired by the British Museum, 1914-1920
Contains a short medical section including a number of continental and Russian books, although these are poorly referenced and usually without publishers’ details
*The Church Army. Work made by some of Britain’s Crippled Heroes
The Church Army, n.d
A 34 page catalogue detailing items made by disabled ex-servicemen, ranging from metal objects such as trays and candlesticks to sticks and crutches, small pieces of furniture and toys
+Enser AGS. A Subject Bibliography of the First World War. Books in English 1914-1978
London, André Deutsch 1979.
Listed by subject (with some duplication) this is far from comprehensive, but a useful starting point. Sections on medicine, nursing, ambulances, the Red Cross etc
Falls C. War Books: A Critical Guide
London, Peter Davies 1930
Index Medicus. War Supplement: A classified record of literature on military medicine and surgery, 1914-1917
New York, Carnegie Institute, 1918
*Janes EA. Historical Records of British Regiments in the Great War.
2 Vols: Cavalry and Yeomanry Regiments; Infantry Regiments
Revised Edition, 1976
Typescript listing of the whereabouts of all British Regiments between 1914 and 1918
*Lefevre P et al. La Belgique et la premiere guerre mondiale. Bibliographie. Belgie en de eerste wereld oorlog. Bibliografie
Brussels, Musee Royal de l'Armée - Koningklijk Legermuseum (Centre d'Histoire militaire), 1987
*Morris L. (Ed). Henry Tonks and the Art of Pure Drawing
Norwich Library services, 1985
Catalogue of an exhibition of Tonks’s work held in Norwich. Chapter 4 details Tonks’s experience as a war artist, including his work painting disfigured men at the Cambridge Military Hospital, Aldershot, and the Queen’s Hospital, Sidcup
+Poynter D. W.Rivers and his contribution to the treatment and understanding of shellshock
Ph.D Thesis, 1995, Nene College, Northampton
Contains an extremely comprehensive bibliography on war neurosis and shellshock
*Poynter FNL (ed). Medicine and Surgery in the Great War 1914-1918
London, Wellcome Institute of the History of Medicine, 1968
Catalogue of an exhibition to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the Armistice. The exhibits included many examples of war art, pieces of equipment, and a large collection of books and journal articles. A useful, even essential starting point for a student of medicine and the First World War
*Prothero GW. A select analytical list of books concerning the Great War
London, Imperial War Museum, 1923 (reprinted Battery Press 1995)
*Barker P. The Regeneration Trilogy
BCA, 1997 (orig Viking Books 1991-1995)
Comprising three novels; Regeneration, The Eye in the Door and The Ghost Road, it is constructed around the real life encounter of Siegfried Sassoon and Dr WHR Rivers at Craiglockhart Hospital
*Dugain M. La Chambre des officiers
Paris, JC Lattès, 1998 (*tr. Howard Curtis, Phoenix House, 2000)
A modern novel based on the experience of the author’s grandfather, wounded by a shellburst in 1914 and treated for his facial injury in the Val-de-Grâce Hospital, Paris. A disturbing read, not least because of the relative lack of medical and nursing care (and sympathy) compared to British experience at Sidcup or Wandsworth
*Fairchild W. The Poppy Factory
London, Bloomsbury Publishing, 1987
Describes the myth of the “underground army” that existed, animal-like, in no mans land
*Faulks S. Birdsong
London, Hutchinson, 1993 (Vintage ed 1994)
A brilliant modern novel of the emotional intensity of war
Gailly G. Sur le bord droit de la Crete Sacrée
Paris, Bossard, 1919
Novel about hospitalisation of a soldier injured when he was carrying his wounded officer.
*Gurner R. Pass Guard at Ypres
London, J.M. Dent, 1930
A gloomy, rather Gothic novel with some well-observed trench behaviour and a remarkable description of blindness inflicted by an artillery shell.
*Palmer F. The Old Blood
New York, A.L. Burt Company, 1916
Period novel centred on a young American caught up in the German advance of 1914, while visiting his two cousins in France. After signing up in the British artillery he is wounded in the face, and suffers with shellshock. The novel explores the effect of his disfigurement on his two cousins, both of whom are in love with him; the quiet beauty cannot cope, but the ugly extrovert sees him through, getting her man in the end (and having cosmetic surgery herself)
*Sassoon S. Memoirs of an Infantry Officer
London, Faber and Faber, 1930
*Sassoon S. Sherston's Progress.
Faber and Faber, London (Folio Society ed 1974)
The semi-autobiographical novel based on Sassoon’s experiences at Craiglockhart, the “shell-shock” hospital near Edinburgh where Wilfred Owen was also treated
11. Russian material
The items below are listed in the British Museum catalogue of war literature; the listings are in Russian, as are the texts themselves
Anon. Fighting contagious diseases in wartime. Proceedings of a conference of bacteriologists and representatives of other medical organisations, December 28-30, 1914
Anon. Problems of cholera and typhoid vaccinations. Journal of conference meetings and resolutions (under the auspices of the All-Russian Land Union for the Assistance of Sick and Wounded Soldiers, South-Western Front Committee); held in Kiev, 6-7 August 1915
Anon. Proceedings of the Aid Committee for those injured by X-irradiation
All-Russian Land Union for the Assistance of Sick and Wounded Soldiers: Proceedings of the Main Committee
Resolution of the meeting on the problems of medical organisation at the Front, January 25-27, 1916
Bulletin of the South-Western Front Committee, 1916-17 (including a supplement on advanced detachments on the South-Western Front, 1916)
12. Miscellaneous continental material
Taken from the British Museum catalogue, these works will be moved to the appropriate sections if more detailed information becomes available
French & Belgian
Anon. Service de Santé. British Ambulances for French Wounded.
Anon. Uncensored Letters from the Dardanelles; written to his English wife by a French Medical Officer. Transl. from the French, 1916, (Soldiers' Tales of the Great War)
Anon. " My Beloved Poilus." Home letters from an American girl
St. John, N.B., 1917
Antelme J. Avec l'Armee d'Orient: notes d'une infirmière à Moudros.
Bessieres A. Le Train Rouge. Deux ans en train sanitaire
Billot G. Premier pansement et evacuation des blesses au combat. Campagne 1914-1916.
Cavillon A. L’Hôpital de Senlis pendant l'occupation allemande, Sept. 1914.
Golombel E. Journal d'une Infirmière d'Arras
Hélys M. Cantinière de la Croix-Rouge.
Martineau J. Journal d'une Infirmière.
La Mazière P. L'H. G. F. L'hôpital chirurgical flottant. Dardanelles, Moudros, Athenes,
Soulacroix T. Notes de Guerre et d'Ambulance
d’Ulmès R. Auprès des blessés
Vecchini D. Blessure et belle humeur.
Anon. Aus dem Tagebuch einer Roten-Kreuz-Schwester
Dreiling B. Lazarett- und Friedhofsbilder aus Saint-Quentin
Freiburg im Breisgau, 1918
Hahn G. Totentanz 1914/15. Aus dem Skizzenbuch eines Feldarztes
Lennhoff R. Mit dem Feldlazarett. Kriegserinnerungen eines Arztes (Aus den Tagen des grossen Krieges)
Rautch R. Momentbilder aus feldärztlichel Tatigkeit
Nystrom G. Dar stridens sir lakas. Skildringar fran Tyskland och vastra krigsskadeplatsen
Trolle A. Bland sârade
Anon. American Poets' Ambulances in Italy. A Report
Perduca ML. Un anno d’ospedale, guigno 1915- novembre 1916
Aleksinskaya T. Parmi les Blessés. Carnet de route d'une aide-doctoresse russe
Barber MH. A British Nurse in Bolshevik Russia, April 1916-December, 1919
A. C. Fifield, 1920
Downer EB. The Highway of Death
Ramette A. Au secours de la Serbie
van Tienhoven A. De Gruwelen van den oorlog in Servie : het dagboek van den oorlogschirurg A. van Tienhoven
Hospital histories (covering field, mobile, base and US base hospitals)
Anon. Detachment Medical Department, Sixtieth Infantry, Fifth Division, United States Army, World War 1917-1918
A limited history of the regimental medical unit responsible for front line medical assistance; very few works exist on this type of organization
*Tjomsland A. Bellevue in France; Anecdotal History of Base Hospital No. 1
New York, Froben Press, 1941
Arrived Vichy Mar 1918; some limited references and photos regarding a French Head and Face hospital nearby; in general an excellent base hospital history
Anon. American Military Hospital No. 1, formerly American Hospital in Paris. Report covering the period September 1st, 1916 to December 31st, 1917
New York, [np], c.1918
Schreiter JB. History of Mobile Hospital No. 3, August 1, 1918 to April 12, 1919, Saint Mihiel Meuse Argonne
Le Mans, Blanchette, c.1919
Small publication with limited information about this medical unit organized in France
Barnett C. The Mount Sinai Unit in the World War with Scenes at Base Hospital #3, A.E.F. at Vauclaire, Dordogne, France
New York, Mount Sinai Hospital, 1919
Cushing HW. The Story of Base Hospital No. 5, by a Member of the Unit
Cambridge (US), University Press, 1919
This unit was located at Camiers and Boulogne in general support of the BEF
Hatch JP. Concerning Base Hospital No. 5 France 1917-18-19
Boston, Barta Press, 1920
This volume also covers the history of Mobile Hospital No.6, formed from Base Hospital No. 5.
Anon. The History of Evacuation Hospital Number Six, United States Army, 1917-19
Poughkeepsie, [np], 1931
Served in several French rear area locations starting Apr 1918; author is probably JT Harrington.
Anon. The Log Book of Evacuation Hospital Number Seven A.E.F., November 25, 1917– May 1, 1919
Snyder LD (comp). From Below the Rio Grande to the Banks of the Rhine with Field Hospital 7
Shipley AM, Considine AT. The Officers and Nurses of Evacuation Eight.
New Haven, Yale University Press, 1929
“Padre”. Base Hospital No. 9, A.E.F., A History of the Work of the New York Hospital Unit during Two Years of Active Service
New York, 1920
The Padre is RS Brown; this unit was designated the orthopaedic center for the AEF and was stationed at Chateauroux starting Aug 1917.
Weber EF (comp). World War History and Memories of Base Hospital 14
Bachman WJ. Souvenir Roster and History of Evacuation Hospital No.15 with the Story of Verdun and Argonne Drives
Arrived France September 1918 and was heavily engaged in supporting US offensives at the end of the war.
Anon. Field Hospital Co. 16, Second Division Regulars, U.S. Army
Anon. History and Roster of the United States Army General Hospital No. 16, New Haven, Connecticut
New Haven, Yale University Press, 1919
Located at New Haven, specialized in Tuberculosis cases.
Anon. History of Base Hospital No. 18, American Expeditionary Forces (John Hopkins Unit)
Baltimore, Thomsen-Ellis Co., 1919
Anon. A History of United States Army Base Hospital No. 19, American Expeditionary Forces, Vichy, France
Rochester, Wezman-Walsh, c.1919
Stationed at Vichy starting Jun 1918.
Downey GP. The Story of Field Hospital Number Twenty, Sixth Division, Regular Army
Staten Island, Press of the Mission of the Immaculate Virgin, 1920
Anon. The Whipple Review, United States Army General Hospital No. 20
Prescott, Prescott Courier, 1919
Miller VV. The History of United States Army Base Hospital No. 22
Milwaukee, Direct Press, 1941
Stationed at Bordeaux starting Jun 1918.
Anon. “Retreat,” The Fort Des Moines Post, U.S.A., General Hospital No. 26
Des Moines, Homestead Co., 1919
Anon. U.S. Army General Hospital No. 28, Fort Sheridan, Illinois
Brooklyn, Mutchler, c.1919
Anon. Reveille, Centennial Memorial of Fort Snelling
Fort Snelling, General Hospital No. 29, 1919
Contains both a history of the post and information pertaining to General Hospital No. 29
Anon. “The Record” of Base Hospital Number Thirty during World War I
Schinder M. The Thirtieth in Two World Wars; The Story of the University of California Medical School Unit
San Francisco, 1966
Stationed at Royat starting May 1918.
Kaletzki CH (ed). Official History, U.S.A. Base Hospital No. 31 of Youngstown, Ohio and Hospital Unit “G” of Syracuse University
Syracuse, Craftsman Press, 1919
One of the best US hospital histories in terms of completeness and technical detail; served at Contrexeville Jan 1918 – Feb 1919
Anon. Completion report, US Army General Hospital No. 31
Carlisle Barracks, 1918 (typescript)
Hitz BD. A History of Base Hospital 32 (including Unit R) Indianapolis, Edward Kahle Post No. 42 American Legion, 1922
Set up at Contexeville starting Dec 1917; this is a thorough history with good medical statistics and details.
Anon. History of Camp Hospital 33
Camp Pontaneuzen France, 1919
Anon. Report on the Albany Hospital and Medical College Base Unit No. 33
Albany, [np], 1918.
This small report covers the equipping of the unit through voluntary contributions and addresses only limited military service. Unit roster at time of shipment overseas is included.
Pitts EM. Base Hospital 34 in the World War
Philadelphia, Lyon and Armor, 1922
Stationed at Nantes starting Jan 1918; an artistic and comprehensive volume.
Anon. Memoir of Base Hospital No. 35, A.P.O. 780
Los Angeles, 192X
Anon. A History of United States Army Base Hospital No. 36 (Detroit College of Medicine and Surgery Unit)
Arrived Vittel Dec 1917; some limited description and photography of head and facial surgery in several chapters
Anon. The Thirty-Six Review
General Hospital; located in Detroit in a building loaned by Ford.
Coplin WML. American Red Cross Base Hospital No. 38 in the World War, United States Army Base Hospital No. 38, Organized under the Auspices of the Jefferson Medical College and Hospital, Stationed at Nantes, France 1918-1919
Stationed at Nantes in Jul 1918; a florid and somewhat disorganized account.
Combs JH. Siege of Salisbury Court which Chronicles the Feat of Base Hospital 40 Winning the War
Lexington, Hurst and Byars Print Co., 1923
Davis AK (ed). Virginia Military Organizations in the World War
Richmond, Virginia War History Commission, 1927
Contains several short (approx 7 pages each) summaries of the service of medical units from Virginia that served in World War I: Base Hospital No. 41, 115th Field Hospital, 115th Ambulance Company, 319th Ambulance Company, Sections 516, 517, and 534 Army Ambulance Service
Harris J. History of the Emory Unit, Base Hospital 43, U.S. Army, American Expeditionary Forces
Atlanta, Johnson Dallis Co., [nd]
Stationed at Blois Jul 1918.
Lee WT. The Battle of Pougues-les-Eaux – A History of Base Hospital No. 44, Organized by the Massachusetts Homeopathic Hospital, Boston, Mass
New York, Globe Press, c.1923
Arrived at Pougues Jul 1918; purposefully told in a style that avoids operational detail.
McGuire RR. The Nurses of Base Hospital No. 45
Wright OB (ed). On Active Service with Base Hospital 46, U.S.A., Mar. 20, 1918 to May 25, 1919
Portland, Arcady Press, 1919
Arrived Bazoil-les-sur-Meuse in Jul 1918.
Matheson M. 48; An Informal and Mostly Pictorial History of Base Hospital 48, 1918-1919
New York, Veterans U.S. Base Hospital No. 48, 1939
Stationed at Mars-sur-Allier; oddly written account without much operational detail, not as pictorial as you’d expect.
Anon. The History of Base Hospital Fifty – A Portrayal of the Work done by this unit while serving in the United States Army and with the American Expeditionary Forces in France
Stationed at Mesves Aug 1918; many photographs but operational detail is limited.
Anon. Base Hospital No. 52 War Diary
Small 4 page pamphlet
Anon. History of Base Hospital Number Fifty-Three, Advance Section, Service of Supply
Langres, 29th Engineer Base Printing Plant, 1919
Stationed at Langres Aug 1918; also contains a short history of Hospital Unit “I”.
Anon. Historical Report, U.S.A. Base Hospital No. 57
Paris, H. Clarke Printer
Fowler RH. The War History of United States Army Base Hospital No. 61, A.E.F.
Stationed at Beaune Sep 1918.
Sawyer AR. United Army Base Hospital 68, AEF, History of Organization and Personnel
Boston, Griffith-Stilling, 1920
Murphy OA. Souvenir Booklet of U.S. Veterans Hospital No. 79, Dawson Springs, Kentucky
Dawson Springs, Dawson Printing Co., 1923
Post-war facility for army veterans; specialized in Tuberculosis
Johnson AC. A Short History of United States Base Hospital Number Ninety-Three in the World War
Spokane, [np], 1920
Anon. Base Hospital No. 101, American Expeditionary Forces, St. Nazaire, France, 1917-1918-1919
Denver, L.E. McDermott, 1943
Anon. History of U.S. Army Base Hospital 107 1918-1919
Nevers, Fortin, c.1919
Arrived Mars-sur-Allier Nov 1919; small booklet with limited medical details
Anon. History of Base Hospital No. 108 in the Great War
Arrived France Nov 1918 and stationed at Mesves-Bulcey
Clarke CW. Evacuation 114 As Seen from Within
Boston, Hudson Print Co., 1919
A Nurse’s view of service in France with this unit.
Anon. A History of U.S.A. Base Hospital No. 115, A.P.O. 781, A.E.F., Vichy, Alier, France
Memphis, Toof, [nd]
Anon. Base Hospital 116 A.E.F.: Names and Addresses, Officers, Nurses, Enlisted Personnel
Neufchateau, Beaucolin, c.1919
Sutphen CW. Base Hospital 123, A Remembrance.
Newark, [np], 1923
Located at Mars-sur-Alliers hospital center; began operations Dec 1918
Hoyt CB (ed). The Story: The History of Field Hospital 139 of Topeka Kansas, in the Great War, 1917-1918-1919
Topeka, Jones and Birch, 1919
Part of 35th Division; major service was in Meuse Argonne offensive.
Yates S. History of the 163rd Field Hospital, American Expeditionary Forces
Seattle, Moulton Print Co., 1936
Organic element of 41st Division but assigned to First Army and supported other units; irreverent history in which food and drink plays a major part.
Anon. From reveille to Retreat, Field Hospital 331
This unit served in Italy with the 332nd US Infantry regiment sent to aid the allied effort in that country
Hill H. Facts and Fancies of the 363rd Field Hospital Co., 316th Sanitary Train, 91st Division, U.S.A. 1917-1919
Portland, Kleist and Co., Printers, c.1919
Anon. Chronological History of the 364th Field Hospital Company
Portland, Portland Print House Co., 1921
Field service began in Sep 1918; part of 91st division and served with that unit in Belgium in Oct-Nov 1918
Anon. As You Were, 1917-1919, An Illustrated Booklet of the Base Hospital, Camp Jackson, SC
St. Augustine, Record Co., 1919
Anon. Lest We Forget, Base Hospital, Camp Lee, Virginia, 1919
Perhaps the most complete history of a stateside Base Hospital
Anon. The History of Letterman General Hospital
San Francisco, Presidio Listening Post, 1919
Michie HC. History of the United States Army Base Hospital, Camp Grant, Illinois, October 14, 1917 to July 23, 1919
[np], c.1919 (Typescript – 3 Vols.)
Knauer JG. Complete History of the United States Army Base Hospital, Camp Meade, Maryland, October 1917 to June 1919
Anon. Yearbook, Medical Officers Training Camp, Fort Riley, Kansas, 1917-1918
Kansas City, Union bank Note Co., c.1918
One of three medical corps basic training posts. Contains rosters of medical personnel trained at this location
McKenna JA. Medical Training Camp, Ft. Oglethorpe, Georgia, August 1917
One of three medical corps basic training posts. Contains rosters and summaries of numerous medical organizations trained at this site in 1917
Histories of Ambulance Units, hospital trains etc.
Anon. Here’s Now! Cartoons and Pictures of the U.S. Army Ambulance Service in France and Italy
Philadelphia, GW Clark, 1923
Glazier GW (ed). Memoirs of E. A. C. 7
Evacuation Ambulance Company, service at front beginning Aug 1918
Brockmanm FE. Here, There, and Back
31st Ambulance Company
Anon. History and Latrine Rumor of Ambulance Company 33
Newark, Essex Press, 1920
Part of 4th Division and saw significant combat service; most of this thick volume is doughboy humour from the unit newspaper, but there is a more typical unit history at the end.
Knipe JL. History of Hospital Train No. 52 and Its Personnel, American Expeditionary Forces, France, 1917-1919
Chaskel W. History of Ambulance Company No. 105 (Former 4th N.Y. Ambulance Co.), 102nd Sanitary Train, 27th Division, U.S.A.
Syracuse, Quality Print Shop, c.1919
Terry CR (ed). The Sanitary Swab, Official Bulletin of the 110th Sanitary Train
14 issues of this newsletter were produced overseas (all in 1919); they provided news and happenings of the medical units that were part of the 35th Division (Ambulance Cos. 137-140 and Field Hospitals 137-140).
Robinson RT. Ambulance Company 113, 29th Division
Baltimore, Baltimore Press, 1919
Anon. History of Ambulance Company Number 139
Kansas City, Callender Print Co., c.1919
Part of 35th Division with primary action in Meuse Argonne.
Anon. History of One Hundred and Forty-third Ambulance Company 1917-1919, Amex Forces, United States Army
Paris, H. Clarke, c.1920
Graham MP. History of Ambulance Company No. 161, A.E.F., 1917-1919
Aberdeen, Welsh-Richards Co., 1919
Organic to 41st Division but assigned to Second Army.
Anon. Address Roster, 163rd Ambulance Company, Army of Occupation, A.E.F.
Coblenz, Krabbensche Buchdruckerei, 1919
Bryson RD. History of Ambulance Company 168
Davis DM. 307 at Home and in France
Garden City, Country Life Press, 1919
Anon. History of 308th Ambulance Company, 302nd Sanitary Train, 77th Division, American Expeditionary Forces
Fillmore JE. Three-eleven, Being a Collection of Verse Contributed by Members of the Company, with a Complete History of the Company
Anon. A.E.F., France, 305 Sanitary Train, Ambulance Company 318
Philadelphia, EA Wright, 1919
Anon. A History of the 361st Ambulance Company, 316 Sanitary Train, 91 “Wild West Division”, During Its Training at Camp Lewis, and Its Activities as Part of the American Expeditionary Forces, by Members of the Organization
As part of 91st Division saw service in Belgium.
Clark GW (ed). Lest We Forget, A History of Section 503 of the U.S. Army Ambulance Service with the French Army
Philadelphia, Westminster Press, 1920
Bollman DS. U.of W. USAAC, A Narrative based on the Experiences of the University of Washington Boys Who Volunteered for Ambulance Service in World War I, with Special Reference to Section 570 and 571
Millen DC. Memoirs of 591 in the World War
Ann Arbor, DC Millen, c.1932
Williams PB. United States Lawn Tennis Association and the World War
New York, Robert Hamilton Co., 1921
The USLTA raised funds to equip medical units by holding a series of exhibition matches; this volume contains the histories of Section 603 Army Ambulance Service and Evacuation Ambulance Company 8.
Gum HF (and others). Ambulance Company Number 354
Served as part of 89th Division in France; St. Mihiel, Meuse Argonne, Army of Occupation
Shafer CW. Ambulance Company (Number 339), 310th Sanitary Train, 85th Division, Barracks 990
Titus JH History of the 301st Ambulance Company April 1917 – June 1919
Pittsfield, Sun Printing Company, [nd]
Organic to the 76th Division, this Ambulance Company saw no combat action in France but was assigned to IV Corps as part of the Army of Occupation.
Anon. 301st Sanitary Train, A.E.F.
The 301st Sanitary Train was part of the 76th Division and operated infirmaries, clinics, and small hospitals in support of this unit while in France. Later assigned to 4th Corps.
Anon. A History of Ambulance Company 359
Fort Worth, Lowdon Co., [nd]
Served with 90th Division in St. Mihiel and Meuse Argonne offensives
Bocock JH. Being the Book of SSU 539, USA Ambulance Service with the French Army
Wylie EAG. History of Section 625 United States Army Ambulance Service with the French Army
Mayence, Walter’s Print Co., 1919
Bodfish RW. A History of Section 647, United States Army Ambulance Service with the French Army
Worcester, Stobbs Press, 1919
Individual memoirs & biographies
Anon. The American, A Sketch of Frederick Skates Towle, Captain, U.S.M.C.
Concord, The Rumford Press, 1920
Memorial biography of a doctor who received a commission at the age of 55, served at Base Hospital 3 in New Jersey, and died during a fire which destroyed the officer’s quarters.
*Bernheim, BM. Passed as Censored
Philadelphia, J. B. Lippincott Co., 1918
Memoir by Captain addressing his service with Base Hospital 18. Only covers service through April 1918.
Coleman JL. The Second
Section 585 Army Ambulance Service?
Cutler GR. Of Battles Long Ago
Hicksville, Exposition Press, 1979
Memoirs of an Ambulance Driver with Section 642, Army Ambulance Service
George HC. A Farrier in Arms
New York, Pageant Press, 1953
Memoirs of service with 165th Field Hospital, 42nd Division
Leach MS. Hill 7 – A Life Sketch of George Elliot Shipley
Chicago, Willet, Clark, and Co., 1935
304th Sanitary Train
Scharmach S. Les Terribles
New York, Pageant Press, 1967
Diary of enlisted member of 125th Ambulance Company, 32nd Division; all names were deleted by the editor
Turner CW (ed). War Letters, 1917-1919, of Professor George Junkin Irwin
Verona, McClure Printing Co., 1976
Irwin served with SSU 534 in France
Watner AL. Diary of Corporal Andrew L. Watner, 168th Field Hospital Company (1st Colorado Field Hospital), 117th Sanitary Train, 42nd Division, A.E.F. (September 8, 1917 to April 1919)
Anon. Pointing the Way, What Our Government is doing for Men Blinded in the War
Publication by 7th General Hospital
Denis McDonnell, Luc-Daniel Dupire, John Marrin, Steve Tilston, Graham Nelson , David Harrison and Yves Buffetaut who have been the source of so many of the works in the Gillies Library; to Markus Poehlmann and Erich Fritsch for contributing some of the German titles; to Gary Mitchell for his collection of US unit histories and to Jane Plotke and Geoffrey Miller of the WWI list who in commissioning this full bibliography for the WWI Document Archive made sure I finished it.
Dr Andrew Bamji MB FRCP is Consultant Rheumatologist at Queen Mary's Hospital Sidcup, UK, and Curator of the Gillies Archives at the hospital. He is currently writing a book about facial injury of the Great War based upon the original casenotes from the Queen’s Hospital which are held, together with the Great War Medical Library, in the Frognal Centre for Medical Studies at Queen Mary’s.
Details about the Gillies and Macalister Archives and Library may be found on
An on-line version of the Bibliography is also in the WW1 Document Archive at
© Andrew Bamji
Last updated: 20th April 2002