A Bibliography of Great War Medicine


This list comprises books relating to, or including, medical work in the First World War, together with a number of general books which set the scene.  Its origin lies in the construction of a bibliography for a book on facial injury in the Great War, and the development of a library relating to medical services of that time to accompany the Gillies Archives at Queen Mary's Hospital, Sidcup. Those marked with an * are in the Gillies Library or in my own personal collection.  Items marked with a + indicate that a copy of the relevant extract is in the archives. The annotations are personal comments.  I would be grateful for notification of any significant omissions; in addition, details are sometimes sketchy for works taken from other bibliographies and amendments would be welcome..  Updates are posted regularly and include additions and deletions.


The Gillies Archive contains a number of contemporary papers on facial injury, many written by members of staff of the Queen’s Hospital.  These are not included in this bibliography; with a few important exceptions, material that might be considered a pamphlet rather than a book has also been excluded.


In early 2002 I was contacted by Gary Mitchell of Rochester, NY, who has made a special study (and collection) of items relating to medical services from the USA.  Rather than paste them into the main bibliography I have kept the entire section separate and there is therefore some duplication.  A few of the entries would not qualify under my ground rules for inclusion, but are sufficiently comprehensive or important to be retained.  Many have no listed author and, as researchers may well wish to search for units by number, I have retained Gary’s broad arrangement.  The comments in this section are his.




1.     Books related to the Frognal estate and the origins of the Queen’s Hospital at Sidcup, Kent, UK

2.     Personal accounts which include reference to facial injury

3.     Accounts by, or biographies of, doctors, nurses, ambulancemen and others involved in the care of the wounded soldier

4.     Unit records or histories

5.     Medical and nursing textbooks; texts on management & rehabilitation of disability

6.     General books

7.     Journals of hospitals and other units

8.     Poetry and artistic representations of injury

9.     Bibliographies, catalogues, theses etc

10.  Fiction

11.  Russian material

12.  Miscellaneous continental material

13.  Mitchell list of American material



1.  Frognal and its origins


Dr Harris' History of Kent, 1719

A view of Frognal House with formal gardens at the time of its then owner, Roland Tryon, is one of the folio plates in this work


*E.Hasted.  The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent. 

                W.Bristow, Canterbury, 1798

The standard historical survey of Kent, well illustrated with plates and a series of maps of the county hundreds.  Two editions were published; the first, folio, edition was succeeded by a 12 volume Octavo edition with revisions.  Frognal and its history is discussed


*W.H.Ireland.  A New and Complete History of the County of Kent. 

                George Virtue, London, 1828

Contains a plate of Frognal after the formal gardens were replaced with a “Capability Brown” landscape, drawn by George Shepherd


*E.A.Webb, G.W.Miller, J.Beckwith. The History of Chislehurst: its church, manors and parish. 

George Allen, London, 1899 (reprinted Baron Books for the Chislehurst Society, 1999)


*Frognal Estate Sale Catalogue.  Strutt & Parker, 1915

Fully illustrated with photographs of Frognal House, its grounds, and the extensive farm and residential lots into which the estate had been divided



2.  Books containing personal accounts of injury and the war


*Aitken A.  Gallipoli to the Somme: Recollections of a New Zealand Infantryman

                London, Oxford University Press, 1963


*Aldrich M.  On the edge of the war zone.

                London, Constable, 1918


*Alverdes P.  The Whistlers’ Room (trans B. Creighton)

                London, Martin Secker, 1929

A story of a German hospital room occupied by men injured in the throat, who have tracheostomies and thus “whistled” when attempting to speak.  Classic account of hospital life


Anon.  The Great Advance.  Tales from the Somme Battlefield told by wounded officers and men on their arrival

at Southampton from the Front.

                London, Cassell, 1916


*Anon.  Wounded and a Prisoner of War (by an exchanged Officer). 

                Edinburgh & London, William Blackwood, 1916

Hit by a machine gun bullet at Bethancourt, this anonymous officer was captured during the retreat after Mons and imprisoned at Würtzburg.  He was repatriated in 1915


*Armstrong WW.  My first week in Flanders

                London, Smith Elder & Co, 1916

A Captain in the Northumberland Fusiliers, he was wounded at St Julien on the 25th April 1916.  The 1/7th Battalion sustained 470 casualties that day.


+Ashurst G (ed Holmes R)  My Bit.  A Lancashire Fusilier at War 1914-1918. 

                Marlborough, The Crowood Press, 1987

Contains a remarkable description of how the front line soldier dealt with lice


Blacker J (ed). Have you forgotten yet?  The First World War memoirs of C.P.Blacker MC, GM

                London, Leo Cooper, 2000

                Blacker was wounded at the end of the war and describes his journey through the medical system with remarkable calm


*Boderke D (ed).  Words from the Wounded.  Injured Soldiers’ view of the Trenches of the First World War

                Countryside, n.d.

A profusely illustrated book derived from two autograph books belonging to a nurse, Cissie Holden, of Blackburn, Lancs


Calthrop DC.  The Wounded French Soldier.

                St Catherine Press, 1916


*Carr W.  A Time to Leave the Ploughshares.  A Gunner Remembers 1917-18.

                London, Robert Hale, 1985

Describes the facial injury of an artillery officer who had only arrived at the front a few hours before


*Carrington CE.  Soldiers from the Wars Returning.

                London, Hutchinson & Co, 1965

A classic account from an officer; robust, with no regrets.  Very much a “Haig” man


*“Casualty”.  Contemptible.

                London, Heinemann, 1916

Memoir of the retreat from Mons to the Aisne.  The author appears to have been with the 2nd South Staffs, and was wounded in the head


*Cunningham T.  1914-1918: The Final Word

                London, Stagedoor Publishing, 1993

Interviews with survivors, all at the time in their 90s or more (and with memories somewhat dimmed as a result) but including the account of a 104 year old lady ambulance driver


Dawson AJ.  The Great Advance (Battle stories of wounded soldiers, recorded by A.J.D.)

London, Cassell, 1916


Eeman H.  Captivité

Brussels, La Renaissance du Livre, 1984

Memoirs of a Belgian Ambassador.  His captivity began on October 10, 1914. From October 15, he was in Soltau prisoner camp (Germany). Sick, he was in the camp hospital between April and July 1915. In 1917, he worked as a nurse in the hospital of the Cassel camp; finally, sick again, he was evacuated to Switzerland, like many sick prisoners. Scarce testimony of medical services in POW camps in Germany.


* Fraser of Lonsdale.  My Story of St Dunstans

                London, Harrap & Co, 1961

                Ian Fraser was wounded and blinded at the age of 19 on July 23rd 1916.  Treated at St Dunstan’s, he became its head on the death of its founder, Arthur Pearson, in 1924.  While primarily a history of the institution it provides a moving record and personal insight into the lives of many men blinded by war.


Freinet C.  Touché! Souvenirs d’un blessé de guerre

                Atelier du Gué, 1996 (limited edition of 1000)

                Célestin Freinet was the founder of the French educational movement “L’Imprimerie à l’école”; this slim volume was published to celebrate the 100th anniversary of his birth and records his wartime experience as a casualty


Genel R.  Le Journal de mon Père.

Panazol / Paris, Lavauzelle 1990:

Presented by his son, this is the memoir of a soldier, mobilized in 1915, who fought in the infantry.  Injured and paralyzed, he was cured by famous Prof. Babinsky (q.v.) using electric shock treatment.  He joined the French Foreign Legion after the war and served in Morocco where he met Major Zinovi Pechkoff, son of Maxim Gorki, and Colonel Aage (Prince of Denmark and great grandson of King Louis-Philippe of France).


*Glubb J.  Into Battle;  A Soldier's Diary of the Great War. 

                London, Cassell, 1978

Glubb Pasha survived the war and his facial injury (treated at Sidcup, and described here in detail) to play a major part in Britain’s Middle East adventures after the war, although he later fell from favour.


*Hennebois C.  Aux Mains De L'allemagne. Journal d'un grand blessé

                Paris, Plon-Nourrit, 1919


*Kreisler F.  Four weeks in the trenches

                Boston & New York, Houghton & Mifflin, 1915

                Fritz Kreisler, the eminent violinist, served briefly on the Russian Front with the Austrian army.  His brief military career ended when a Cossack charge left him with a bayonet wound and a damaged shoulder (he was kicked by a horse).  Kreisler’s wife was a nurse


de Lamandie H.  Blessé, Captif, Délivré. (Wounded, captured and delivered)

Paris, Bloud et Gay, 1916


Lehmann F.  Wir von der Infanterie. Tagebuchblätter eines bayerischens Infanteristen aus fünfjähriger Front- und Lazarettzeit (We Infantry. Leaves from a diary of a Bavarian infantryman who spent 5 years on the battle front and in a military hospital)

München, Lehmanns Verlag, 1929


*Leleux C.  Feuilles de route d’un ambulancier

Paris, Berger-Levrault, 1915

                One of a series entitled “La Guerre – les Récits des Témoins”


+MacGill P.  The Great Push. 

                London, Caliban Books 1984


+Martin B.  Poor Bloody Infantry.  A Subaltern on the Western Front 1916-17.

                London, John Murray, 1987


*Mathieson WD.  My Grandfather’s War. 

                Toronto: Macmillan, 1981


*Milne JS.  Neurasthenia, Shell-Shock, and a New Life

                Newcastle, R Robinson & Co, 1918

                A slim “self help” manual by a sufferer, carefully and precisely written and with some reasonable advice, based on the bizarre premise that the brain has floated out of position in the skull, disturbing the correct flow of blood


*Morelli A.  (in: Marie Sklodowska Curie et la Belgique). Marie Curie sur le front belge pendant la première guerre mondiale.

Brussels, Université Libre de Bruxelles, 1990

About the introduction of X-rays on the front in Belgium by Marie Curie


*Nichols A.  Sons of Victory.  

                London, Waterlow & Sons (printers) 1950

A base camp instructor, he was blinded in a training accident while demonstrating demolition techniques; the explosive charge had mistakenly been fitted with an instantaneous fuse


*Nobbs G.  Englishman Kamerad!  Right of the British Line. 

                London, Heinemann, 1918

Nobbs served with the London Rifle Brigade (5th Londons) and was sniped from a German strongpoint during an attack, losing his right eye


*Tennant N.  A Saturday Night Soldier's War 1913-1918. 

                Waddesdon, The Kylin Press, 1983

Tennant was wounded by a shrapnel fragment which passed through his nose and lodged below the right eye



3.             Accounts by, or biographies of, doctors, nurses, ambulancemen and others involved in the care of the wounded soldier


*Abraham JJ.  My Balkan Log

                London, Chapman & Hall, 1922

J. Johnston Abraham’s description of his Serbian experience, illustrated with a number of photographs


*Abraham JJ.  Surgeon’s Journey.

                London, Heinemann 1957

Abraham was originally posted to Serbia, and thereafter served in Egypt,  Sinai and Palestine


Alexinsky T. (trans Cannon G) With the Russian wounded

London, Fisher Unwin, 1916


*Allbee F.  A Surgeon’s Fight to Rebuild Men

                London, Robert Hale, 1950

Autobiography of the famous American pioneer of bone grafting, with extensive descriptions of his experience on the Western Front, including many observations on facial injury.  He found time to write a monograph on bone grafts (q.v.) although this contains little of military interest


*Alport AC.  The lighter side of the War

                London, Hutchinson, 1934

Major Alport RAMC served in S. Africa, on the Salonika front and finally in France


*Anderson IW.  Zigzagging

                Boston, Houghton Mifflin, 1918


*Andrew, A. Piatt.  Letters from France

                Privately printed, 1916

This limited edition describes his own early experience as an ambulance driver and comments on war and its horrors.  Andrew later became head of the American Field Service.


*Anon.  Letters from a French hospital

                London, Constable, 1917

Letters from an English nurse to her uncle describing events in 1915 and 1916


Anon.  The Tale of a casualty clearing station

                London, Blackwood, 1917


Anon.  Le Faux Miroir.  Reflections from the Urgency Case Hospital.

                Ash & Co, 1917


*Anon.  A War Nurse's diary: sketches from a Belgian field hospital

                New York, Macmillan 1918

An illustrated account of nursing from the outbreak of war to the author’s departure from Belgium in October 1915


Anon.  Happy Though Wounded: the book of the 3rd London Hospital

                London, Country Life 1917


*Anon.  “Mademoiselle Miss”.  Letters from a American girl serving with the rank of Lieutenant in a French Army hospital at the front

                Boston, WA Butterfield, 1916


Anon.  Nursing adventures: a F.A.N.Y. in France

                London, Heinemann, 1917


*Anon. (Sergeant-Major, RAMC).  With the RAMC in Egypt.

                London, Cassell, 1918


*Anon.  The Edith Cavell Nurse from Massachusetts.  Boulogne-The Somme 1916-1917

                London, WA Butterfield, 1917

Following a memorial service for Edith Cavell in Boston, USA in December 1915 funds were raised to send a nurse to serve with the BEF in France.  Miss Alice Fitzgerald, who had been head of the operating room at Bellevue Hospital, New York, was appointed to the post.  This book  contains an account of her experience, with a résumé of the trial of Edith Cavell and the involvement of the US government through the American Legation in seeking her release


Anon. “Doc”. Letters from Somewhere (by a captain in the R.A.M.C., from France and Egypt)

London, Heath Cranton, 1918


Anon.  Two years’ Captivity in German East Africa.  Being the personal experiences of Surgeon E.C.H., R.N.

London, Hutchinson, 1918


Anon.  War Nurse.  The True Story of a Woman who Lived, Loved and Suffered on the Western Front.

                New York & Chicago, AL Burt Company, 1930

                Illustrated with a series of stills from an “All-Talking Picture” made by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer


Anon.  Kriegs-Erinnerungen eines Korps-Stabs-Apothekers (War memories of a pharmacist officer)

Mittenwald, n.d (c.1920)


Anon.  Livre jubilaire publie en l'honneur du docteur Paul Derache, Lieutenant-general medecin, par ses élèves et ses collaborateurs de Cabour et de Beveren-sur-Yser en témoignage de reconnaissance et d'attachement

Bruxelles, 1933

Paul Derache was, with Antoine Depage, the most famous Belgian doctor  working near the battlefield during WW1.


*A Red Cross Pro.  The Wards in Wartime

                Edinburgh, Wm Blackwood & Sons, 1916

Amusing account of a provincial convalescent hospital


Arnold G.  Sister Anne! Sister Anne!  Stories of hospital work in France during the war

                Toronto: 1919


*Ashford BK.  A Soldier in Science

                London, Routledge, 1934

An American pathologist on the Western Front, 1917-18.


*Askew  C, Askew A.  The Stricken Land.  Serbia as we saw it

London, Eveleigh Nash, 1916

The authors were writers attached to the 1st British Field Hospital.  The Red Cross bibliography indicates that they were “outspoken in denunciation of the allies’ mismanagement of aid”


*Bagnold E.  Diary without dates

                New York, Luce, 1918


*Balfour, Lady F.  Dr Elsie Inglis

                London, Hodder& Stoughton, n.d.

Biography of the leading light of the Scottish Womens Hospitals


Barclay F.L.G.  In hoc vince: the story of a Red Cross Flag

Putnam, 1915


*Barclay HA. Doctor in France 1917-1919: The Diary of Harold Barclay, Lieutenant-Colonel, American

Expeditionary Forces

New York, privately printed 1923.


Bayly HW.  Triple challenge; or, War, whirligigs and windmills, a doctor's memoirs

                London, Hutchinson, 1935


Beadnell C Marsh. A Naval Medical Officer’s impressions of a visit to the Trenches

                Bale & Danielssohn, 1917


Beauchamp P.  Fanny goes to war

                London, Murray 1919


*Beckmann M. Briefe im Kriege.

München, A. Langen – G. Müller, 1955

War letters of the well- known expressionist painter Max Beckmann who was a stretcher bearer in WWI


*Begg RC.  Surgery on Trestles: a Saga of Suffering and Triumph

                Norwich, Jarrold, 1967

Describes the Middle East theatre


Bennett AH.  English Medical Women: glimpses of their work in peace and war

London, Pitman, 1914


Benson SC.  'Back from hell'

                Chicago, McClurg, 1918


Bertrand de Laflotte D.  Dans les Flandres. Dunkerque, Zuydcoote, Houten, Furnes, Coxyde, Adinkerke,

La Panne. Notes d'un volontaire de la Croix-Rouge, 1914-1915

Paris, Barcelone, Bloud / Gay, 1917


*Binyon L.  For Dauntless France.

                London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1918

Laurence Binyon served with an Ambulance Unit behind the French front


Bizard L.  Souvenirs d'un médecin de la Prefecture de police et des prisons de Paris (1914-1918)

Paris, Grasset, 1925


*Black EW.  Hospital heroes

                New York, Scribner, 1919


*Blackham Col RJ.  Scalpel, Sword and Stretcher. 

                London, Sampson Low, Marston and Co Ltd.,


*Borden, Mary.  The Forbidden Zone. 

                London, William Heinemann, 1929

A moving account of nursing experiences


*Boschi G (ed.).  La Guerra e le Arti Sanitarie.  Collezione Italiana di diari, memorie, studi e documenti per servire alla storia della Guerra del mondo, diretta da Angelo Gatti (War and the sanitary arts.  Collection of Italian diaries, memoirs, studies and documents relating to the Great War)

Milan, Montadori. 1931


*Botcharsky S, Pier F.  They Knew How To Die.  Being a Narrative of the Personal  Experiences of a Red Cross

Sister on the Russian Front

                London, Peter Davies, 1931

Front line hospital experiences


Boubée, l’Abbé Joseph.  Parmi les blesses allemands (Among the wounded in Belgium in the first five months of war)

Plon-Nourrit, 1916


*Bowerman, GE Jr. (Ed. Carnes MC).  The Compensations of War:  The Diary of an Ambulance driver during the Great War

                Austin, University of Texas Press, 1983

Bowerman served as an ambulance driver in France and Germany for a year and a half. This book is based on the recopied and amplified version of his diary which he prepared in 1919


*Boyd W. With a field ambulance at Ypres. Being letters written March 7-August 15, 1915.

Toronto, Musson Book Company, 1916


*Boyd-Orr, 1st baron.   As I recall

                London, Macgibbon & Kee, 1966

R.A.M.C. and Naval service.  Some interesting observations on courts-martial for desertion; he suggests that many medical and other officers would use any excuse to find mitigating circumstances


Boylston HD.  'Sister': the war diary of a nurse

                New York, Washburn, 1927


*Bradford M.  A hospital letter writer in France

                London, Methuen, 1920

                The wife of Sir John Rose Bradford, Consulting Physician to the BEF, May Bradford sat by innumerable bedsides in Boulogne and Etaples writing letters to dictation for wounded soldiers.  It is clear from her writing that the post of letter-writer (not one that is generally known about) entailed the provision of essential, if amateur, psychology services to the sick and injured


Breitner B.  Unvervundet Gefangen - Aus meinem Sibirischen Tagebuch.

(A Prisoner, but not wounded.  From my Siberian Diary)

                Rikola Verlag, 1921

An account of a doctor’s experience as a POW in Siberia dealing with epidemic disease


*Britnieva, M.  One woman's story

                London, Barker, 1934

English born, Mary Britnieva served as a nurse on the Russian front where her husband was a medical officer.  After the war he had several brushes with the G.P.U. before being arrested in 1928; two years later she was told that he had “disappeared”


Bruce C.  Humour in tragedy, hospital life behind three Fronts

                London, Skeffington, 1918


*Bradley AO.  Back of the front in France.

                London, Butterfield, 1918


*Bryan JH.  Ambulance 464.

                New York, Macmillan, 1918

Julian Bryan served with SSU 12


Bucher WE.   Surgeon Errant

                Los Angeles, Angeles Press, 1935. 

Description of the 3rd American Red Cross Mission in Siberia 1918-1919.


*Buswell L. With the American Ambulance Field Service in France.

                Privately Printed, Cambridge, MA. 1915.


*Buswell L.  Ambulance No. 10: personal letters from the Front

                London, Con­stable, 1917

Leslie Buswell served with SSU 2


*Butler HA. Overseas Sketches. Being a Journal of My Experiences in Service With the American Red Cross in France

Youngstown (OH), Privately Printed 1921

Privately printed memoirs in an edition of 300 of an American's service with the Red Cross in World War I.


Cahill AF (ed).  Between the Lines: Letters and Diaries from Elsie Inglis's Russian Unit
Bishop Auckland, Pentland Press, 1999


Calthorp DC.  The Wounded French soldier

London, St Catherine Press, 1916

A short illustrated record of experience, published in aid of the French Red Cross


Campbell P.  Back of the Front: experiences of a nurse

                London, Newnes 1915


 *Carossa H.  A Roumanian Diary  (Translated from the German by Agnes Neil Scott)

NY, Alfred A. Knopf 1930

In his “War Books”, Cyril Falls wrote: “The writer of this diary, the greater part of which is concerned with the campaign against Rumania, was a battalion medical officer...the descriptions of scenery,of the people of Transylvania, of scenes at an advanced dressing-station during a battle, of the  writer's own thoughts and dreams, are masterly. It may be added that the translation is quite exceptionally good.”


*Catchpool TC.  On two fronts. 

                London, Headley, 1918

Corder Catchpool was a conscientious objector


*Cator D.  In a French military hospital

                London, Longmans, 1915

A whimsical observation of work in a French hospital, seen through English eyes.  There is scarce a good word for French professionals; the filth of the wards appears to pass unnoticed except by the fastidious English


Caujole P.  Les Tribulations d'une Ambulance Française en Perse

Author's self publishing, 1959.

A French medical mission in the massacres in Caucasus and High-Euphrates, May 1917 - February 1919)


*Clarke-Kennedy A.E. Edith Cavell

                London, Faber & Faber, 1965.

When the war broke out Edith Cavell was matron of Dr. Depages's Training School for Nurses in Brussels' Barkendalle Medical Institute; the Germans allowed her to continue her work and the Institute became a Red Cross Hospital at which German and Allied wounded were treated.  She was executed on 12th October 1915 for aiding the escape of Belgian, French and British troops.


*Clarke RG.  The Evolution of a Casualty Clearing Station on the Western Front.

                Bristol, Bristol Medico-Chirugical Society 1936

Transcript of a paper presented to the Society at their Annual Meeting in 1936


Cobbold L. In Blue and Gray. Sketches of life in Red Cross Hospitals

Cambridge, 1917


*Cope Z.   Almroth Wright, Founder of Modern Vaccine Therapy

                London, Nelson, 1966.

Wright was instrumental in developing ant-typhoid vaccine


*Corbet E.  Red Cross in Serbia 1915-1919.  A personal diary of experiences

                Banbury, Cheney & Sons, 1964

Nursing experiences from Salonika to Serbia


*Coyle ER.  Ambulancing on the French front

                New York: Britton 1918


Ibid.  Field ambulance sketches

                London, Lane, 1919

Coyle served with the Norton-Harjes Ambulance


Crémieux J. Souvenirs d'une Infirmière

Paris, Rouff (Coll. Patrie #52), 1918

Reminiscences of a French nurse at the beginning of WW1 (August 1914 - May 1915).



*Crichton-Harris A.  Seventeen Letters to Tatham.  A WW1 surgeon in East Africa

Toronto, Keneggy West, 2001

                The only account I have seen of a medical man in this theatre, based on letters written by the author’s grandfather Temple Harris to his brother in India



*de Croy, Princesse M.  Souvenirs, 1914-1918

Paris, Plon (Coll. Le Martyre des Pays envahis), 1933

A nursing memoir of a Belgian princess on the North Front.  The same author appears also to have produced a 1914-15 memoir with a Flemish spelling (de Croij, Princesse M.  Souvenirs 1914-1915; Paris, Plon, 1944)


*Culpin M.  Psychoneuroses of War and Peace

                Cambridge, University Press, 1920


*Cummings EE.  The Enormous Room.

                London, Jonathan Cape, 1928

                Cummings served with the Norton-Harjes Ambulance and was arrested by the French, detailing his experiences in this book


*Cushing H.  From a Surgeon's Journal 1915-1918. 

                London, Constable & Co., 1936

Probably the most famous account of surgery at the front by the distinguished American neurosurgeon


*Cutler GR (ed. CH Knickerbocker)  Of Battles Long Ago

New York, Exposition Press, 1979

Memoirs of an American ambulance driver, also a patient, with many photographs


Dauzat A.  Impressions et Choses Vues (Juillet - Décembre 1914). Les Préliminaires de guerre. Le carnet d'un infirmier militaire. Le journal de Barzac

Paris, Attinger, n.d.


Davies EC.  Ward tales

                London, Lane, 1920


*Dearmer M.  Letters from a Field Hospital.

                London, Macmillan, 1915

Mabel Dearmer was married to Percy, Canon of Westminster who was renowned as the author of the “English Hymnal”; she herself was an illustrator and writer of note.  She died of enteric fever in Serbia on 11th July 1915.  Her son Geoffrey was a minor war poet; his younger brother was killed in the Gallipoli campaign 


*Dearden H.  Medicine and duty. A war diary

                London, Heinemann, 1928

Taking its title from the commonest prescription of a medical officer— the supply of some medicament and passing fit for duty— this is an often graphic description of the work of a front line battalion medical officer


Ibid.   Time and chance

                London, Heinemann, 1940


Dease A   With the French Red Cross

                New York, Kennedy 1917


Delaporte S (ed). Les carnets de l'aspirant Laby, Medécin dans les tranchées. 28 juillet 1914 - 14 juillet 1919 (Notebooks of Probationer Laby, doctor in the trenches, 28th July 1914 – 14th July 1919)

Paris, Bayard, 2001


*Dent O.  A V.A.D. in France

                London, Grant Richards Ltd, 1917


*Depage H.  La Vie d’Antoine Depage

                Brussels, La Renaissance du Livre, 1956

                A limited edition biography of a famous Belgian doctor.  Analysis of the book is necessarily limited (our version is uncut)


*Derby R.  'Wade in, Sanitary!', the story of a Division Surgeon in France

                New York, Putnam, 1919

Derby was Division Surgeon to the Second Division, AEF, and describes a number of hospitals between the front line and Juilly, including the gas hospital (Field Hospital No 16) at Luzancy


*Dexter M.  In the soldier's service

                Boston, Houghton Mifflin, 1918


*Dixon J (intro).  Little Grey Partridge

                Aberdeen University Press, 1988

The First World War diary of Isobel Ross, who served with the Scottish Women’s Hospitals’ unit in Serbia


*Dixon TB.  The Enemy Fought Splendidly

                Poole, Blandford Press, 1983

Dixon served as Surgeon to HMS Kent at the Falklands, 1914-15


*Dolbey R.V.  A Regimental Surgeon in War and Prison. 

                London, John Murray, 1917

MO with the KOSB.  Captured at La Bassée during 1st Ypres


*Duhamel G.  Vie des Martyrs 1914-16

Paris, Mercure de France, 1918

Translated (Simmons F) as *The New Book of Martyrs (New York, George H. Doran 1918).  A moving account of injured French soldiers at hospitals near to the front line (in particular at Verdun), some of whom survived but many of whom did no (usually as the result of infection).  Duhamel’s book is the medical equivalent of Henriette Rémi’s book “Hommes sans Visage”


*Dunham F, Haigh RH, Turner PW (Eds). The long carry. The journal of stretcher bearer Frank Dunham 1916-1918.

London, Pergamon Press, 1970


*Dunn JC.  The War the Infantry Knew 1914-19

                London, Janes Publishing, 1987

Dunn was medical officer to the 1st Battalion, Royal Welch Fusiliers, and served with Sassoon and Robert Graves.  This book comprises the diaries of many men, as well as his own experiences.  Hailed as the classic text on front line medical experience, it is often rather dull.


*von Eiselsberg A.  Lebenseg eines Chirugen (A Surgeon’s Life)

                Tyrolia Verlag, 1949

Memoirs of WW1 medical experience


*Estcourt Hughes J.  Henry Simpson Newland.  A biography

                Melbourne, Royal Australasian College of Surgeons, 1972

Chapter V details Newland’s war experience as a plastic surgeon at Sidcup


Eeman H.  Captivité

Brussels, La Renaissance du  Livre, 1984

Memoirs of a Belgian Ambassador. From October 1914 he was in Soltau prisoner camp (Germany). Sick, he was sent to the hospital from April to July 1915. In 1917, he worked as a nurse in the hospital of the Cassel camp; finally, sick again, he was evacuated to Switzerland, like many sick prisoners. Scarce  testimony of medical services in prison camps in Germany.


Eydoux Demains M.  In a French hospital

                London, Fisher Unwin, 1915


*Farmborough F.  Nurse at the Russian Front.  A diary 1914-1918

                London, Constable, 1974

An interesting account illustrated by the author’s own photographs


*Finzi K. Eighteen Months in the War Zone.  The record of a woman’s work on the Western Front

                London, Cassell, 1916

A diary from October 1914 to February 1916, when Kate Finzi returned to England through ill-health


Fitzroy Y.  With the Scottish Nurses in Roumania. 

London, J. Murray, 1918.

Yvonne Fitzroy was attached to a unit of the Scottish Women’s Hospitals


*Florez, C de.  No. 6: a few pages from the diary of an ambulance driver

                New York, Dutton, 1918


Furse K.  Hearts and Pomegranates: The Story of Forty-Five years  1875-1920.

                London: Peter Davies, 1940.

Katherine Furse was Commandant in Chief of the Joint Women's VADs and several chapters relate to her work there


Gaelle R.  Ces soutanes sous la mitraille. Scenes de guerre

Paris, Gautier, 1915

War account by a nurse-priest.


*Gallagher CJ (ed Mary E Malloy).  The Cellars of Marcelcave: A Yank Doctor in the BEF

                Shippensburg, PA, Burd Street Press, 1998

Gallagher describes the service of his grandfather Bernard from the Atlantic passage in late 1917 to the end of 1918.  Serving in the front line, he was captured in the March 1918 retreat


Gervis H.  Arms and the doctor, being the military experiences of a middle-aged medical man

                London, Daniel, 1920


*Gibbs Sir P.  Realities of War. 

                London, Heinemann, 1920

Observations of a War correspondent


*Gleason AH.  With the first War ambulance in Belgium. 

                New York, Burt, 1918


Gleichen H.  Contacts and contrasts: experiences of a nurse with the Italian Armies

                London, Murray, 1940


*Gosse P.   Memoirs of a Camp Follower

                London, Longmans, 1935. 

Life as a Medical Officer on the Western Front and in India.


*Gower M F Duchess of Sutherland. Six weeks at the war

                London, The Times, 1914


*Grow MC.  Surgeon Grow, an American in the Russian fighting

                New York, Stokes, 1918

Malcolm Grow chose to join a front line Russian surgical team; some of his exploits, including a trench raid, were perhaps unethical!  A vivid account of fighting on the Eastern Front


*Gray T.  Hospital days in Rouen

                London, Cowans & Gray, 1919


*Greeman E.  Grandpa’s War.  The French adventures of a World War 1 Ambulance driver

                New York, Writers and Readers Publishing, 1992

Greeman was a driver with SSU 592 from July 1917 to the end of the war


*Groc L.  Les brancardiers du Bois le prêtre (Stretcher-bearers of Priests Wood)

(France), Rouff (Coll. Patrie #94), 1918

                One of a series of over 150 paper storybooks with dramatic line drawings


Gsell P.  Edith Cavell

Paris, Larousse, 1916


*Gummer S.  The Chavasse Twins

                London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1963

                The story of Noel Chavasse, VC and bar, and his twin brother Christopher, who became Bishop of Rochester


Hand-Newton CT.  A Physician in Peace and War

                Christchurch, NM Peryer, 1967


Harden HSS.  Faenza Rest Camp: a story of the Mediterranean L. of C.

                London, Hutchinson, 1920


*Harmer M.  The Forgotten Hospital

                Chichester, Springwood Books, 1982

By the son of Dr William Harmer, who worked at the Anglo-Russian Hospital established by Lady Muriel Paget.  The hospital had a field arm and a base in Petrograd


Harrison CH.  With the American Red Cross in France, 1918 1919 

                Chicago, Seymour 1947


*Hays HM.  Cheerio!, an American medical officer with the British Army

                New York, Knopf, 1919


*Herringham Sir W.  A Physician in France. 

                London, Edward Arnold, 1919

A senior physician who intersperses his medical experiences with astute observations on France and the French


*His W.  German doctor at the Front

                Harrisburg, National Service, 1933

                Originally published as Die Front der Ärzte, Bielefeld, Velhagen und Klasing, 1931


*Hoehling AA.  Edith Cavell

                London, Cassell & Co, 1958


*Hungerford E.  With the doughboy in France: a few chapters of an American effort

                New York, Macmillan 1920


Hutton IE.  With a woman's unit in Serbia, Salonika and Sebastopol

                London, Williams & Norgate 1928


Ibid.  Memories of a Doctor in War and Peace

                London, Heinemann, 1960

                Chapters 14-19 cover her WW1 experience


*Hutchinson W.  The Doctor in war

                Boston, Houghton Mifflin, 1918

The author visited and studied medical arrangements on the Western Fronts in 1917, writing this account of medical experience.  One chapter entitled “New Faces for Old” outlines some facial surgery techniques. It is comprehensive, but marred by repetition and a virulent writing style in which women are patronised and the Hun is vilified.  Special loathing and contempt is reserved for prostitutes; he quotes “experimental examinations” that show up to three-quarters as being feeble minded, and suggests that if detected early (by screening tests between the ages of nine and eleven) they could be segregated and educated in special colonies until the age of forty-five.


*Huxtable C.  From the Somme to Singapore: A Medical Officer in two World Wars

                London, Kangaroo Press, 1987 (Costello ed 1988)

Huxtable served with the 2nd Battn, Lancashire Fusiliers


Imbrie RW.  Behind the wheel of a war ambulance

                New York, McBride, 1918


*Javal A.  La Grande Pagaïe (1914-1918)

Paris, Denoël, 1937

Ambulance and hospital experience


Jeans TT.   Reminiscences of a Naval Surgeon

                London, Sampson Low, 1927. 

Surgeon Rear-Admiral on hospital ship in Turkey.


*Jobson A.  Via Ypres: the story of the 39th Divisional Field Ambulance

                London, Westminster City, 1935


*Judd JR.  With the American Ambulance in France

                Honolulu, Star-Bulletin Press, 1919

An interesting book (with graphic cover), Judd describes his work at the American Hospitals at Neuilly and Juilly, and incorporates a number of eyewitness accounts of injury


*Kay S.  Froth and Bubble

Sydney, privately printed, 1918

A small pamphlet describing a few episodes of hospital work (largely in the Middle East) written by a major in the AAMC


Keynes G.  The Gates of Memory

                Oxford & New York, 1981

                Autobiography of Sir Geoffrey Keynes, surgeon and bibliophile, who was related by marriage to the Darwin family and had a large circle of friends and acquaintances including Rupert Brooke (for whose literary estate he was Trustee) and Siegfried Sassoon.  Chapter 11 relates his WW1 surgical experience


*King H.  One Woman at War.  Letters of Olive King 1915-1920

                Melbourne, University Press 1986

Letters of an independent-minded Australian girl.  After working in France and the Balkans with the Scottish Womens’ Hospitals she joined the Serbian army as a driver attached to the Medical Service based in Salonika


*Klein F.  The Diary of a French Army Chaplain.

                London, Andrew Melrose Ltd, 1915


ibid.  La Guerre vue d'une Ambulance

Paris, A. Colin, 1915

Account of the first months of WW1 at American Ambulance in Neuilly.  Not seen, but possibly the original French version of the first


*Koch HB. Militant Angel

                NY, Macmillan  Company  1951

Biography of Annie  W. Goodrich, suffragist and pacifist, and  the organizer and dean of the Army School of Nursing (created in 1918).  Pages 83-112 cover U.S. Army nursing during World War I and the Army School of Nursing.


*La Motte EN.  Backwash of war

                New York, Putnam, 1934


*de Launoy J.  Infirmieres de Guerre en Service Commandé (front de 14 a 18).

                Bruxelles, L’Édition Universelle, no date

The preface indicates this was written in 1937.  In diary form, it recounts work at La Panne and Vinckem with Dr Antoine Depage


*Laveille ESJ. Au service des blesses, 1914-1918

Bruxelles-Paris, Action Catholique-Libr. Giraudon, 1923:

Life and death of 13 very young Belgian Jesuits killed during World War I, during which they served as stretcher-bearers in the Belgian Army.


*Layton TB.  Sir William Arbuthnot Lane, Bt.  An enquiry into the mind and influence of a surgeon

                Edinburgh, Livingstone, 1956

Arbuthnot Lane was head of army surgery in the Great War, and instrumental in supporting Gillies and the development of a specialist facial injury hospital at Sidcup


*Lee RI. Letters from Roger I.Lee, Lt. Col, U.S. Army Medical Corps, 1917-1918.

                Privately Printed, Brookline, MA, 1962.


Leneman L.  Elsie Inglis

                Edinburgh, NMS Publishing, 1998

Modern biography of the founder of the Scottish Womens Hospitals


Leng W St Q.  S.S.A.10: notes on the work of a British Volunteer Ambulance convoy with the French Army

                Sheffield, 1918

The author was a volunteer ambulance driver with  the 2nd  French Army (of Verdun), and  was  awarded the Croix de Guerre


*Léri A.  Les Commotions et emotions de Guerre

                Paris, Masson, 1918

Describes cases of early psychoneurosis & discusses the relation between physical and mental causes


Lesceux H.  Sous le signe de la Croix-Rouge.   Journal d'un brancardier de la Grande Guerre

Chimay (Belgium), Hubert-Macq, 1961


Lewis TE.  Twelve months in an Army Hospital

                Washington DC, Gruver, 1921


*Livingston St C, Steen-Hansen I.  Under three flags: with the Red Cross in France

                London, Macmillan 1916


Lord JR.  The story of the war hospital, Epsom

                London, Heinemann, 1920


*Luard KE.  Unknown Warriors. 

                London, Chatto & Windus, 1930


*Lucas EV.  Outposts of mercy: the record of a visit in 1916 to the various units

                of the British Red Cross in Italy 

                London, Methuen 1917

A tiny card backed book by a famous travel write.  He notes that there was a facial injury hospital at Udine, but no records appear to survive relating to this


Martin K. Father Figures: A Volume of Autobiography.
London, Hutchinson 1966

Kingsley Martin inherited from his father the faith that individual conscience comes before State, or Party or worldly success. A passionate pacifist in WWI, he was a member of the Friends' Ambulance Unit, and describes the strange life of an ambulance orderly in France in 1917-18. In the years that followed he attended Cambridge and after taking his degree he went into teaching and writing on the illusion of power to be won in politics.


McCombe J, Menzies AF.  Medical service at the Front

                Philadelphia, Lea, 1918


McDougall, G.  A nurse at the war: nursing adventures in Belgium and France

                New York, McBride, 1917


Maclaren ES.  Elsie Inglis, the Woman with the Torch (Pioneers of Progress series)

London, S.P.C.K, 1920.


*Macnaughtan S.  A woman's diary of the war

                London, Nelson, 1915


*Macnaughton S.  My war experiences in two continents

                London, John Murray, 1919


Macqueen JM.  Our war, being the experiences in France of a specialist sanitary officer

                Halesowen, MacQueen, 1931


Magnien J.  Le 6ème bataillon de chasseurs a pied de Vincennes, 1914-1918. Feuilles de  route de l'ancien Sergent Brancardier

Paris, Almanach du Combattant, no date (1936)


*von Malade T.  ."Feldarzt". von Amiens bis Aleppo

                Munich, Lehnann's 1930

Malade was an surgeon [Feldarzt] with the German Army; this is his diary which begins in August 1914 with the invasion of France and ends in Mesopotamia  in 1917. In between he served in Russia, Lorraine, Turkey, and the Dardanelles, etc.


*Malcolm I.  War pictures behind the lines

                New York, Dutton, 1915


*Manion RJ.  A surgeon in arms

                New York, Appleton, 1918

Experiences of a Canadian RAMC officer who served (according to a pencilled addendum in our copy) in the 21st Battalion, CEF


*Martin AA.  A Surgeon in Khaki

                London, Arnold, 1915

Martin worked at the No 6 Hospital, Rouen


*Martin P-A.  Albert Martin (1866-1948).  Souvenirs d’un chirurgien de la Grande Guerre

                Luneray, Editions Bertout, 1996

                Based on Martin’s diaries.  He was a friend and colleague of Georges Duhamel (q.v.)


*Martin Nicholson, Sister.  My experiences on three Fronts

                London, Allen & Unwin, 1916


Matthews G.  Experiences of a Woman Doctor in Serbia

Mills & Boon, 1916

                Caroline Matthews served with the Serbian Army Field Unit, staying behind at the evacuation of Kragujevatz and staying at the Uzsitei Hospital


Maugny, Comtesse Clément de.  Au Royaume du Bistouri

Geneva, Henn, n.d.(1919)

Album of cartoons about life of nurses at the front. Preface by Marcel Proust (who published nothing during the war)


*Members of Her Majesty Queen Alexandra’s Imperial Nursing Service.

                Reminiscent Sketches 1914 to 1919

                London, John Bale, Sons & Danielsson Ltd, 1921


Muenier P-A.  L'angoisse de Verdun. Notes d'un conducteur d'auto-sanitaire

Nancy, Presses Universitaires, 1991: Second ed. (First ed.: 1919)

                Account of a (non-ambulance) motorised platoon that transported the wounded


*Millard S.  I saw them die

                London, Harrap, 1936

Memoir of a US nurse written around her 1918 diary and based on experience of a hospital eight miles behind the front


Mills, AH.  Hospital days

                London, Fisher Unwin, 1916


Mitchell C van S.  With a military ambulance in France, 1914 1915

                Princeton NJ, Princeton Banner Press, 1915


*Mitton GE (ed).  The cellar house of Pervyse

                London, A&C Black, 1917

Describes the work of Baroness de T’Serclaes and Mairi Chisholm, who set up an advance first aid post for the Belgian Army in Flanders


Monmpezat M.  Ambulance H24

Paris, Gallimard, 1930

Account of a military ambulance during WW1.


*Moran, Lord.  The Anatomy of Courage.

                London, Constable & Co, 1945

An essay of great stature on courage, and the lack of it. Charles Wilson, Lord Moran, served with the Royal Fusiliers for two years before being posted to a base hospital


Moon ERP.  Four weeks as acting Commandant at the Belgian Field Hospital

                London, Humphreys, 1915


*Moore W.  The thin yellow line

                London, Leo Cooper, 1974


*Moynihan M (Ed).  A Place called Armageddon. Letters from the Great War

                Newton Abbot, David & Charles, 1975

                Contains a chapter about Capt J.S.S. Martin, RAMC, who was present during the siege of Kut


Muir JR.  Years of Experience

                London, Paul Allen, 1936. 

Surgeon Rear-Admiral Muir’s experience was in England and the North Sea fleet


*Muir W.  The Happy Hospital.

                London, Simpkin, Marshall, Hamilton, Kent & Co., 1918


*Muir W.  Observations of an Orderly

                London, Simpkin, Marshall, Hamilton, Kent & Co., 1917

Two brilliantly written accounts of work at the 3rd London General Hospital, Wandsworth, London.  Muir was also Editor of the hospital’s journal, in which “The Doings of Donovan” first appeared.


*Munthe A.  Red Cross and Iron Cross

                London, John Murray, 1916

Axel Munthe was author of “The Story of San Michele”, his postwar retreat on the island of Capri


*Munthe G, Uexkull G. (trans.M Munthe & Lord Sudley). The story of Axel Munthe.

                New York, E.P Dutton & Co, 1953.

Axel Munthe served  with the Red Cross at the front during World War I, and was author of Red Cross and Iron Cross (q.v.). Gustaf Munthe was his son.)


*“My Sergeant”.  Mildmay Park.  Episodes of a Doughboy in a London Hospital

                Boston, Richard G Badger, 1920

                The cover introduction begins “”A book with a distinctly French flavor which glides lightly and daringly over the little love adventures of an ingenuous American doughboy while convalescing in a London Hospital”.  Mostly about the girls he fancied, and women of the street, and full of lust


Nasmith GG.  On the fringe of the great fight

                New York, Doran, 1918


N.D.M. Two Years After.  Or Twelve Months of Armageddon.  Some reminiscences of a Temporary Regimental 

Sawbones 1915-1916

                Printed for private circulation only, 1918


*O Brian AL.  No glory: Letters from France, 1917 1919

                Buffalo, Airport, 1936


*Orcutt PD.  White road of mystery: the note book of an American ambulancier

                London, Lane, 1918


Osburn AC.  Unwilling passenger

                London, Faber & Faber, 1932


Norec A. Miss Cavell, Heroine et Martyre

Paris, Rouff (Coll. Patrie #3), 1917


*“The Padre”.  Fifty Thousand Miles on a Hospital Ship.

                London, The Religious Tract Society, 1917

Experiences of a hospital ship chaplain in the Mediterranean


*Paget S.  Sir Victor Horsley

                London, Constable, 1919. 

Biography of Sir Victor Horsley, who was a consultant to the Expeditionary Force in Egypt and Mesopotamia.


Platoon Commander (pseud).  Hospital days

                London, Unwin, 1916


Plenz PG.  Kriegsbriefe eines Feldarztes der Armee Hindenburg (War letters from a field doctor in Hindenburg’s army)

Gotha, 1916


Poisot M.  Mon journal de guerre: 1914-1918

Beaune 1985

WW1 personal narrative of a French doctor. Facsimile of the manuscript.


*Pound R.  Gillies: Surgeon Extraordinary. 

                London, Michael Joseph, 1964

The biography of Sir Harold Gillies, chief surgeon at the Queen’s Hospital, Sidcup, and regarded as the father of 20th Century plastic surgery


Prentice S.  Padre: A Red Cross Chaplain

New York, Dutton, 1919

Sartrell Prentice worked as a chaplain at a Base Hospital and behind the lines


*Ramsay J (Capt RAMC).  The Outside Edge of Battle.  Some recollections of a Casualty Clearing Station

                Blackburn, The Standard Press, 1919

The author was attached to the East Lancs (64 CCS) in 1917


*Ray AC (ed) “R.A.L.”  Letters of a Canadian Stretcher Bearer

                Boston, Little, Brown & Co, 1918

R.A.L. saw service at No 3 Canadian General Hospital at Boulogne before moving up to the front.  He was gassed near Lens on 23rd August 1917.  A remarkably frank account, no holds barred


*Reckitt HJ.  V.R.76, a French military hospital

                London, Heinemann, 1921


+Rémi H.  Hommes sans visage.

                Lausaunne, SPES, 1942

In this short paperback Henriette Rémi describes her experiences as a nursing assistant at an unnamed French hospital for facial injuries.  The descriptions of the torment endured by the injured as they face rejection by their loved ones is harrowing in the extreme


Riemann H. Schwester der Vierten Armee. Ein Kriegstagebuch. (Sister in the Fourth Army: a diary)

Berlin, Karl Vogels Verlag, 1930


Rice PS.  An American crusader at Verdun

                Princeton, Princeton UP, 1918

                (previously published as: An ambulance driver in France)


Robinson, W J.  My fourteen months at the front: an American's baptism of fire

                London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1916


Roger N.. Carnets d’une infirmière

Paris, Attinger, 1916

A series of six pamphlets listed by Prothero as “Soldats blesses etc”:*Soldats blesses I & II, Silhouettes d’Hôpital and Figures de Héros are the first four


*Rorie D.  A Medico's Luck in the War. 

                Aberdeen, Milne & Hutchinson, 1929

Served with the 51st (Highland) Division, and describes Givenchy, Beaumont Hamel, Cambrai and the battles of 1918


*Roussel-Lepine J.  Une Ambulance de Gare. Croquis des premiers jours de guerre

Paris, Plon, 1916

                Description of a hospital in the Ile de France


*Rutherford NJC.  Memories of an Army Surgeon

                Paul, 1939

Recollections from Salonika


*Sandes F.  The Autobiography of a Woman Soldier.  A brief record of adventure with the Serbian army 1916-1919

                New York, Frederick A Stokes, 1928

                Sandes was first a nurse and then a soldier in the Serbian ranks


Schwander M.  Dans la Tourmente. Avec les Belges pendant la Guerre mondiale (septembre 1914 - décembre 1915)

                Paris-Neuchatel, ca. 1919

The author was a nurse, member of the "Alliance Suisse des Gardes-Malades".


*Sergeant ES.  Shadow shapes, the journal of a wounded woman, October 1918 May 1919

                Boston, Houghton Mifflin, 1920


Shield H.  War Diary, 12 August-25 October, 1914.

                Privately printed, 1915

A dramatic account of the retreat from Mons.  The author, a medical officer, was killed on 26 October.


Shiveley GJ (ed).  Record of the S.S.U.585 Yale ambulance unit with the French

                Army 1917 1919

                New York, Brick Row, 1920


Sinclair M.  A journal of impressions: record of experiences with a field ambulance in the autumn of 1914. 

                London, Hutchinson, 1915


*Souttar HS.  A Surgeon in Belgium. 

                London, Edward Arnold, 1915

Experiences with the Belgian Field Ambulance service


*Smith LN.  Four Years out of Life

                London, Philip Allan, 1921

Nursing experiences on the Western Front, illustrated by the Author’s own atmospheric woodcuts


*Speakman MAV.  Memories.  Experiences of American hospital service in France

                Wilmington, The Greenwood Bookshop, 1937

Written by the wife of Dr William Speakman, a dental surgeon who served with the AEF following volunteer service in France.  Contains a description of facial injuries that Speakman encountered at Neuilly, and personal accounts of the soldiers who were so injured


Spearing EM.  From Cambridge to Camiers under the Red Cross 

                Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1917


*Spiegl P (ed).  Elsie Fenwick in Flanders.  The Diaries of a Nurse 1915-1918

                Stamford, Spiegl Press, 1980

Elsie Fenwick served with the Red Cross at La Panne, beginning as a probationer and finishing as head sister on a surgical ward of 80 beds


*“Staff Nurse”.  “Scottie” and some others.

                London, W&R Chambers, 1919

Portraits of patients


*Stephenson W.  A Memoir of the Rev. W.H.Norman M.A.

                privately printed, n.d.

                A sergeant in the RAMC, Norman had served in France during 1915-16 until invalided by neuritis and rheumatism.  He was lost at sea while  returning to service in Egypt on the Transylvania when it was torpedoed in the Mediterranean on 4th May 1917


*Stevenson WY.  At the Front in a Flivver

                Boston & New York, Houghton & Mifflin, 1917

Account by the financial editor of a Philadelphia newspaper of his experiences as an ambulancier with the French from March to December 1916.  A subsequent book, “From Poilu to Yank” details his subsequent war service.  He ended the war as head of Section I


Stimson JC.   Finding themselves: the letters of an American Army Chief Nurse in a British Hospital in France

                New York, Macmillan, 1919; 2nd printing 1927


Stobart MA. The Flaming Sword in Serbia and elsewhere

Hodder & Stoughton, 1916

                Mrs Stobart was Chief of the Serbian Relief Fund, Unit 3


Sturzenegger (G.) La Serbie en guerre, 1914-1916.  episodes vecus par une suissesse allemande au service de la Croix-Rouge

Neuchâtel, 1916


*Swayne ML.  In Mesopotamia

London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1918

Vivid impressions of an RAMC officer, with tipped-in copies of the author’s watercolours.  He describes a possibly apocryphal story of how a Turkish assault on Basra ended with the arrival of what the Turks thought to be an artillery column, but was actually a scratch ambulance convoy; and his descriptions of the sickness suffered, particularly sandfly fever and heatstroke, are graphic


Taylor H.  A Scottish Nurse at work. Being a record of what one semi-trained nurse has be privileged to see and do during four and a half years of war

London, Lane, 1920

Another memoir in the series “On Active Service”


Thompson B.  Four months in Italy in wartime

London, Lane, 1920

Record of VAD work in a series entitled “On Active Service”


*de T’Serclaes, Baroness.  Flanders and Other Fields

                London, George Harrap, 1964

Autobiography detailing front line nursing in Belgium (Chapters 4-11)


Teichman O.  Diary of a Yeomanry M.O., Egypt, Gallipoli, Palestine and Italy

London, Fisher Unwin, 1921


*Thayer WR et al.  The Edith Cavell Nurse from Massachusetts:  A Record of One Year's Personal Service with the B.E.F. in France

Boston, W.A Butterfield, 1917


*Thurston V.  Field Hospital and Flying Column.  Being the Journal of a Nursing Sister in Belgium & Russia

                London & New York, G.P.Putnam’s Sons, 1916

Violetta Thurston was in Brussels when the German forces arrived and continued nursing duties until sent across Germany to Denmark, thence to Poland and Russia, where she was slightly wounded by a German bomb.


*Thurston V.  The Hounds of War Unleashed.  A Nurse’s account of life on the Eastern Front during the 1914-1918 war.

                Cornwall, United Writers, 1978


van Tienhoven A.  Avec les Serbes, 1914-16.  Journal de guerre d'un chirurgien



*Tilton, M. The Grey Battalion.

                Sydney, Australia, Angus & Robertson, 1934.

The  experiences of an Australian Army Nursing Sister during World War I, 1915 to 1918


*Toland ED.  The aftermath of battle: with the Red Cross in France 

                London, Macmillan, 1916

Posted to the hospital established in the Majestic Hotel, Paris, Toland describes the early management of facial injuries, the effects of delay in treatment, and tetanus before anti-tetanic serum became available.  He later transferred to the Harjes Ambulance Corps.  One recollection is of being asked, in the operating theatre, to light a cigar to hide the smell of a septic wound


*Tubby AH.  A Consulting Surgeon in the Near East

                London, Christophers, 1920

The Author served in the Mediterranean and Egyptian Expeditionary Forces between 1915 and 1919


*Ussher CD, Knapp GH. An American Physician in Turkey: A Narrative of Adventures in Peace And in War

                Boston, Houghton Mifflin Company, 1917.

                Reprint version by JC & AL Fawcett, 1990


Van Bergen L.  Zacht en eervol, Lijden en sterven in een Grote Oorlog. (Gentle and honourful, suffering and dying in the Great War)

Den Haag & Antwerpen,  Standaard Uitgeverij, 1999


Van Den Steen (Comtesse). Mon Journal d’Infirmière aout-novembre 1914.

Bruxelles, Office de Publicité, 1937

War diary of a leading nurse on the Belgian front and in Poperinghe


Vivian ECH.  With the Royal Army Medical Corps at the Front

Daily Telegraph War Books, 1914


*Voigt FA.  Combed Out.

                London, Jonathan Cape, 1920 (Travellers’ Library ed.1929)

Contains a graphic account of orderly work in a CCS


*Voivenel P. (ed Canini G).  A Verdun avec la 67 DR

                Nancy, Presses Universitares de Nancy, 1991

Diary of a front line medical officer: Voivenel was medical officer of the 211th Infantry regiment.  These extracts relate to the Regiment’s experiences at Verdun


*Walker HFB.  A Doctor's Diary in Damaraland

                London, E.Arnold, 1917. 

The story of a mounted Brigade Field Ambulance with Gen. Botha in 1915.


Watkins OS.  With French in France and Flanders.  Being the experience of a chaplain attached to a Field Ambulance

                London, Charles H. Kelly, 1915

The author accompanied the 14th Field Ambulance from mobilisation in August 1914 to Ypres in 1915


*Watson F. The Life of Sir Robert Jones.

                Baltimore, William Wood & Co, 1934.

Sir Robert Jones (1857-1933) was a pioneer in surgery and orthopaedics. There is much material on his work with disabled soldiers in World War I.


Weihmann M.  In allen Saetteln. Reiterbuch eines deutschen Artzes (On all saddles. Riding book of a German doctor)

Leipzig, Paul List, 1937

The author rode with artillery which fought against T. E. Lawrence.


Weiss L.  Memoires d'une Europeenne Petite Fille du Siècle 1893-1919

Paris, Albin Michel, 1978

First of six volumes of memoirs of one of the women of this century who were the most involved in the political and artistic history of Europe.  Pp 171-233 are devoted to her WW1 nursing experience


*Wenzel M, Cornish J.  Auntie Mabel’s War.  An account of her part in the Hostilities of 1914-18


The story of Mabel Jeffery, who served as a nurse in Northern France and the Balkans with the Scottish Women’s Hospital


*Werner MR.  “Orderly!”

                New York, Jonathan Cape and Harrison Smith, 1930

Life in a Normandy base hospital during 1917-1919


Westerdale TLB.  Under the Red Cross flag 

                London, C.H.Kelly 1915 


*Westmann S.  Surgeon with the Kaiser’s Army

                London, Wm Kimber, 1968

Westmann settled in England, but this book relates his experiences in the German front line


*Whalen RW.  Bitter Wounds: German Victims of the Great War, 1914-1939
Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1984

A thorough study of German wounded , their rehabilitation and support services between the wars.  It is a sad tale; “organised benevolence failed partly because it was torpedoed by Germany’s governing elites in the early 1930s”


Wight OB (ed).  On active service with Base Hospital U.S. Army, March 20, 1918,

                to May 25, 1919

                Portland, Arcady 1919


*Wilder A.  Armageddon Revisited.

                New Haven & London, Yale University Press, 1994

Amos Wilder’s initial experience of the war was as an ambulance driver on the Western Front and in Macedonia


*Wilson RM.   Doctor's Progress

                London, Eyre & Spottiswoode, 1938. 

Autobiography of a doctor turned journalist.  Wilson was “extracted” from medicine by Lord Northcliffe and became a British war correspondent in France.  Initially turned down for active service because of a heart murmur he was later accepted into the R.A.M.C. and worked with James Mackenzie on cardiac problems and with Byam and others on trench-fever. This work was published by R.P. Strong (q.v.)


*Winant C. A Soldier's Manuscript.

                Boston, Privately Printed, 1929.

Cornelius Winant served as an ambulance driver in France during World War I, and was twice imprisoned in German prison camps.


*Winthrop Young G.  The Grace of Forgetting

London, Country Life, 1953

Writer and war correspondent, Young was moved by the plight of Ypres and joined the Friends Ambulance Unit, working both in Ypres and on the Italian Front


*Wolfrom M (Marthe Amalbert).  Geneviève Hennet de Goutel

Paris, Gabriel Beauchene, 1926

Geneviève Hennet de Goutel was a nurse on several battle fronts during WWI.  She died following a febrile illness in Romania


Young FB.  Marching on Tanga (With General Smuts in East Africa)

                London, Collins, 1917

                Francis Brett Young was medical officer to the 2nd Rhodesian Regiment


*Young J.  With the 52nd (Lowland) Division in Three Continents.

                Edinburgh, W. Green, 1920

Memoir by the commanding officer of the 1/3rd Lowland Field Ambulance, originally published as a series of articles in the Edinburgh Medical Review and covering service at Gallipoli and in Egypt and Palestine


*Zenna Smith H.  “Not so Quiet…”. Stepdaughters of War

                London, Albert E. Marriott, 1930

                Billed as “An honest, unsentimental, savage record of a girl ambulance driver in France”



4.  Services, Unit records or histories


*Allison RS.  The Surgeon Probationers

                Belfast, Blackstaff Press, 1979

                Story of the rapidly trained group of medical assistants, many of them medical students, recruited into the Royal Navy to make up medical numbers.  Contains a reproduction of a handbook produced for them by Staff Surgeon Willan


*Adami, JG. War Story of the Canadian Army Medical Corps. Vol. I: the first contingent (to the autumn of 1915)

                Toronto, Musson Book Company Ltd., c. 1918.


*Alper H (ed).  A History of Queen Mary’s University Hospital, Roehampton

                Privately printed, Richmond, Twickenham & Roehampton Healthcare NHS Trust, n.d.

                Chapters 1 & 2 describe the work of the hospital in WW1 and after; it was the main hospital for men who had lost limbs, and the Queen's Hospital Sidcup was modelled on it, with its residual work (and resources) being moved there in 1925.  After WW2 Harold Gillies developed plastic surgical work at Roehampton


*American Field Service Archives of WW1 (Bibliography and Index in World History, No 16)

American Field Service Archives and Museum, Ld. Geller  1989


*Ames F.    American Red Cross work among the French people.

                New York, Macmillan, 1921


Angetter CD.  Dem Tod geweiht und doch gerettet Die Sanitäts versorgung am Isonzo und in dem Dolomiten 1915-18. (Doomed to die, yet saved: Medical care on the Isonzo river and in the Dolomites)

                Frankfurt, Peter Lang GmbH Europäische Verlag der Wissenschaften, 1995

Medical treatment on the Italian Front


*Anon.  A Train Errant.  Being the experiences of a Voluntary Unit in France and an anthology from their magazine.

                Hertford, Simson & Co, 1919

A record of No 16 Ambulance Train, presented to the British Red Cross by the United Kingdom Flour Millers, and crewed by the Friends’ Ambulance.  Numerous illustrations, several in colour.  From August 1915 to January 1919 it transported 157,562 patients; its busiest day was on 3rd May 1917, when it carried 824 injured.


*Anon.    Souvenir of London and the 3rd London

                Photo Press, 1921

A specially prepared book of London photographs with a central insert of pictures of the 3rd London General Hospital, Wandsworth.  The photographs are of particularly high quality; the ”onion skin”  interleaves bear small drawings of patients and staff and are in our copy signed by members of staff


Anon.  Air Service Medical.  Report of the War Department, Air Service, Division of Military Aeronautics, Washington,

Washington, Government Printing Office, 1919


*Anon.  WAAC.  The woman’s story of the War.

                London, T. Werner Laurie Ltd.1930


*Anon. No.3 Canadian General Hospital (McGill) in France (1915, 1916, 1917). Views illustrating life & scenes in the hospital with a short description of its origin, organisation and progress

                Middlesbrough, England 1918

A scarce booklet including dozens of photographic illustrations. It includes a memorial page to Edward Revere Osler, who served with this unit.


*Anon. A History of No.7 (Queen's) Canadian General Hospital: March 26th, 1915 - Nov 15th, 1917

                Queen's University, 1917


*Anon.  Friends of France.  The Field Service of the American Ambulance described by its members

                Boston & New York, Houghton Mifflin Company 1916

A racy history, profusely illustrated


*Anon.  Diary of Section VIII, American Ambulance Field Service

                Boston (Privately printed) 1917

The volunteer ambulance drivers of Section 8 worked on the Western Front with the 6th Army Corps of the 12th Division of the 4th Army


Anon.  U.S. Army Base Hospital No. 4, and U.S. Army Mobile Hospital No. 5.  “Album de la Guerre.”

                Cleveland, Scientific Illus. Studios, 1919.

500 photographs, 70 drawings, & 13 articles by members of base hospital no.4, U.S.A. Published as a limited edition


Anon.  A record of the Third East Anglian Field Ambulance 1914-1919

                Privately printed, n.d


Anon.  A Record of the 362nd Field Hospital Company, 316th Sanitary Train, 91st Division, United States Army.

                n.p, c.1919.


Anon.  History of US Army Base Hospital 107: 1918-1919

Paris, Fortin Nevers, n.d

A 24 page book which contains a complete unit personnel roster including transfers, Red Cross workers, civilian dietician and the April roster of the assignment of commissioned personnel & administrative enlisted force. This includes US Army serial numbers as well as hometown address.


Anon.  Hospital Auxilaire, Arc en Barrois, Haute Marne, France 1915

Privately Published 1915

Illustrated record of a hospital supported by British funds and run by British staff at Arc en Barrois


Anon.  Livre d'or. Aux medecins morts pour la patrie (1914-1918)

Paris, Syndicat des Editeurs, no date (ca. 1920)


Anon.  Les Hospices Civils de Nancy pendant la Guerre

Nancy, Rigot, 1921


*Anon.  De Nederlandsche Ambulance in Rusland (The Dutch Ambulance Service in Russia)

                Holland, 1917

Illustrated pamphlet of 12 pp describing the work of Dutch medical services in Russia


Anon.  American Red Cross. * the American Red Cross during the War: a statement of finances and

accomplishments July 1, 1917 to Feb. 28, 1919.

                Washington DC, American Red Cross, 1919.


*Anon.  British Red Cross Society: Reports on Voluntary Aid rendered to the sick and wounded at home and

abroad and to British Prisoners of War, 1914-1919.

                London, HMSO, 1921.


*Anon.  An illustrated Record of Red Cross Work in the East of Scotland

                Edinburgh Red Cross Committee, 1918

A “souvenir” book comprising an alphabetical list of Red Cross Hospitals, listing personnel, numbers of patients admitted and dates of opening.  Illustrated with numerous photographs of buildings (many of which are stately homes), facilities, staff  and patients


Anon.  History of the Pennsylvania Hospital Unit (Base Hospital No.10, USA) in the Great War

                New York, Paul B.Hoeber, 1921.


Anon.  History of United States Army Base Hospital No. 20 organized at the University of Pennsylvania.

                Philadelphia, EA.Wright, 1920.


Anon.  History of Base Hospital 26. December 15th 1917 – May 3rd 1919

                Minneapolis, DC Getchell, 1920

                A lavish book, with many illustrations, about this unit which was raised in Minneapolis and operated at Allerey, Saone et Loire


Anon.  An American V.A.D. 88 BIS and V.I.H.: Letters from two hospitals.

                Boston, Atlantic Monthly Press, 1919.

The author's letters from France written from 14 January to 23 March 1917, and with the 76th Detachment, Cheshire County Division, British Red Cross Society from 12 April to 28 December 1917


*Anon.  Reports by the Joint War Committee and the Joint War Finance Committee of the British Red Cross Society and the Order of St John of Jerusalem in England    

London, British Red Cross Society 1921


Anon (British Red Cross Society). The Red Cross in Gloucestershire during the War

Gloucester, 1919


Anon (British Red Cross Society). The work of V,A.D. London 1 during the War

London, Allen &Unwin, 1920


Anon (British Red Cross Society). Appeal and case for members of the nursing staff of  the Scottish Red Cross Hospital , Rouen

Edinburgh, 1919


*Anon.  The Red Cross in Gloucestershire during the War: An Account of the Voluntary Aid Work carried out in Gloucestershire from October 1914 to March 31 1919.

Red Cross n.d. (1919)


Anon.  Mercy-workers of the War: an interview with the Hon. Arthur Stanley, CB, MP, Chairman of the British Red Cross Society.

                London, Sir Joseph Custom & Sons, 1916.


*Anon.  Tales of a Field Ambulance, 1914-1918, told by the Personnel. Printed for private circulation.

                Southend-on-Sea, Borough Printing & Pub., 1935.

History of the 2/4th London Field Ambulance during World War I. Contains information on their training in England, and their service in France, Slavonic and Katherine, and Egypt and Palestine


*Anon.  The War on Hospital Ships, from the Narratives of Eye-witnesses.

                London, T. Fisher Unwin, 1917.

The Germans conducted unrestricted submarine warfare against Allied hospital ships in World War I. Rare pamphlet


Anon.  Science et Devouement. Le Service de Santé. La Croix-Rouge. Les oeuvres de solidarité de guerre et d'après-guerre.

                Paris, Aristide Quillet, 1918

Published with collaboration of numerous military doctors, professors, engineers, etc...


Anon. Hôpital Auxiliaire 14.  Pour les blessés de la guerre de 1914

n.p., October 1914

The Auxiliary Hospital #14 was in Eure-et-Loire (France)


Anon. The story of the 2/1st Wessex Field Ambulance, 1914-1919

King's Denton, 1919


Anon.  Nos Blessés. Les trains sanitaires

Paris, Etudes militaries Delandre (Coll. Les Cahiers de la Guerre #19), n.d. (during WW1)

32pp pamphet with illustrations


Anon.  Sanitätsbericht über das Deutsche Heer im Weltkriege 1914-1918

                Berlin, 1934-38

                In 3 volumes: I: Gliederung des Herressanitätswesens; II: Der Sanitätsdienst im Gefechts- und Schlactenverlauf; III: Die Krankenbewegung bei den Deutscher Heer


*Anon.  Vor 20 Jahren.  Deutsches Artzttum in Weltkrieg.  Erlebnisse und Berichte. Herausgegeben von der Schriftleitung der Deutschen Medizinischen Wochenschrift

                Leipzig, 1935


Anon.  Die Deutschen Kriegsgaeste der Schweiz. Ein Gedenkblatt an die Hospitalisierung deutscher Kriegs- und Zivilgefangener (The German War guests of Switzerland. A memorial book about the hospitalization of German military and Civilian prisoners)

München, Piper, 1917


*Austin R, Austin S.  The Body Snatchers - the History of the 3rd Australian Field Ambulance 1914 –1918

McCrae (Australia), Slouch Hat Publications,  1995

Illustrated history covering the raising of the unit in Australia, training in Egypt, service at Anzac and Gallipoli, followed by service on the Western Front to war's end.


*Bainbridge WS. United States Naval Medical Bulletin, special number: Report on Medical and Surgical Developments of the War.

                Washington DC, GPO, 1919.

This World War I report covers treatment of war wounds by the Allies, treatment of war wounds by the Germans, developments in war surgery (including anaesthesia, fractures, amputations, and plastic and oral surgery), trench fever, military hospitals and convalescent camps, and functional and vocational re-education for the disabled, among other topics.  The work of the Queen’s Hospital is noted, and one of the plates illustrates a Sidcup soldier


Bale GA.   The Birth and Early Days of our Ambulance Trains in France, August, 1914

                London, Bale, 1922.


*Bakewell CM.  The story of the American Red Cross in Italy

                New York, Macmillan, 1920

                Among the personnel listed in Ambulance Section IV is Hemingway, Ernest M


Barker HG.  The Red Cross in France

London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1916


*Barker M.  Nightingales in the Mud.  The Digger Sisters of the Great War 1914-1918

                Sydney, Allen & Unwin, 1989

A study of Australian nursing including service in India, the Near East, the Western Front and England, with first hand accounts of nurses and patients


*Barrett PE, Deane JW.  The Australian Army Medical Corps in Egypt; An Illustrated and Detailed Account of the Early Organisation and Work of the Australian Medical Units in Egypt in 1914-1915

London, HK. Lewis, 1918


*Beggs ST (Capt).  Guide to Promotion for non-commissioned Officers and Men of the Royal Army Medical Corps

                London, Gale & Polden, 1915 (4th Ed)

Comprising instructions in drill, equipment, signalling, record keeping and hospital duties


*Berry J, Dickinson Berry FM, Blease L.  The Story of a Red Cross Unit in Serbia

                London, J&A Churchill, 1916

The Berry’s unit arrived in Serbia in 1915, equipped for surgical work, but found they had to deal with an epidemic of typhus, which was successfully contained


Bicknell EP. With the Red Cross in Europe, 1917 1922

                Washington DC, American Red Cross 1938

Covers the entire war on all fronts from the perspective of a former National Director of the American Red Cross


Billington MF.  The Red Cross in war: woman's part in the relief of suffering

                London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1914


Billington MF.  The roll call of serving women

                London, RTS, 1915


*Blair JSG.  Centenary History of the Royal Army Medical Corps, 1898-1998

                Edinburgh, Scottish Academic Press, 1998

Chapters 5-7 cover the RAMC in the Great War


*Boardmann MT.  Under the Red Cross flag at home and abroad

                Philadelphia, Lippincott, 1915


*Bowser, Thekla, F.J.I.  The Story of British V.A.D. Work in the Great War.

                London: Andrew Melrose, 1917.

A curiously organized but enthusiastic look at the work of VADs both at home and abroad.


+Breitner B (ed).Ärtzte und ihre Helfer im Weltkriege 1914-1918 (Doctors and their helpers during the World

War 1914-1918)

                Vienna, Verlag Amon Franz Goeth, 1936

Detailed reports by a number of specialists on various medical and surgical aspects.  Rather chatty!


Brereton FS. The Great War and the RAMC

London, Constable, 1919


British Red Cross Society.  The Red Cross in Gloucestershire during the war

                Gloucester, 1919


Bruce HA. Politics and the Canadian Army Medical Corps

Toronto, 1919


*Busse H. Soldaten ohne Waffen. Zur Geschichte des Sanitätswesens.

Berg-am-See, Vorwickel-Verlag, 1990

History of the German military medical services.


*Cameron K.  History of No 1 General Hospital, Canadian Expeditionary Force, 1914-1919

                Sackville NB, The Tribune Press, 1938


*Chapin WAR. The Lost Legion: The story of the fifteen hundred American doctors who served with the B.E.F. in the Great War

                Springfield MA, Loring-Axtell Company,. 1926.


Chase HL . The 2/1st London Field Ambulance: an outline of the 4½ years service at home and abroad, 1914 1918

                London, Morton, Burt, 1924


*Chatfield, Josiah C., et al., eds. Iodine and Gasoline: a history of the 117th Sanitary Train.

                Private publication, c.1920.

The 117th Sanitary Train ("Rainbow's Sanitary Train")  evacuated 22,260 patients from the firing line during action in World War I.


*Clymer G  (ed.) The history of U.S. Army Base Hospital No. 6 and its part in the American Expeditionary Forces, 1917-1918.

                Boston, Massachusetts General Hospital, 1924.

Includes rosters, chronological outline of orders and events, statistical data of patients cared for by the unit, and a series of special articles by various members of the unit. These articles include articles by the nurses, the chaplain, and the x-ray department, as well as an account of Red Cross work


*Collins J.  Dr Brighton’s Indian Patients, December 1914 - January 1916

                Brighton, Brighton Books, 1998

After a hospital ship fire at Southampton a number of buildings in Brighton, including the Pavilion, were fitted out for hospital use


*Creswick P, Pond GS, Ashton PH.  Kent's care for the Wounded.

                London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1915

History of the establishment of Red Cross hospitals in the county


*Crofton E.  The Women of Royaumont.  A Scottish Women’s Hospital on the Western Front

                Tuckwell Press, 1997


*D'Abernon HV.  Red Cross and Berlin Embassy, 1915 1926.

                London, Murray 1946

Viscountess D’Abernon gave anaesthetics at several Red Cross Hospitals.  Her husband was appointed Ambassador to Berlin in 1920


*Davison HP.  The American Red Cross in the Great War 

                New York, Macmillan 1919


*Delaporte S.  Les Gueules Cassées.  Les blessés de la face de la Grande Guerre

                Paris, Noêsis 1996

An account of the French experience of facial injury.


*De Navarro A.  The Scottish Women’s Hospital at the Abbey of Royaumont

                London, George, Allen & Unwin Ltd, 1917


Dorland J.  L'Hôtel des Invalides de Louis XIV à nos jours : son service de santé, son hôpital, ses pensionnaires

Paris, Perrin & Perrin 1996

Complete history of the military hospital " Les Invalides " in Paris.


*Drew HTB (ed).  The War Effort of New Zealand.  A Popular History of (a) Minor Campaigns in which New Zealanders took part; (b) Services not fully dealt with in the Campaign Volumes; (c) The Work at the Bases

Auckland, Holcombe and Tombs, 1923

Contains a summary of nursing, hospitals, hospital ships and the Dental Corps


Erred E,  Mathieu J. Asklepios onder de wapens. 500 jaar militaire geneeskunde in België.

Brussels, Wetenschappelijke vereniging van de militaire medische dienst, 1997,

New history of  military medicine in Belgium with about 50 pages relating to WW1


Evrard E, Mathieu J et al.  ASKLEPIOS ONDER DE WAPENS. 500 Jaar militaire  geneeskunde in Belgie

Brussels, Wettenschappelijke Vereniging Van de Militaire Medische Dienst 1997

The History of Medical Military Services in Belgium since the Middle Ages and including WW1


*Favre E.  L’Internement en Suisse des Prisonniers de guerre maladies ou blesses

                Geneva, Georg & Cie, 1917

                A report commissioned by the Swiss Army medical Service


Fenn CR.  Middlesex to wit, being a brief record of the work performed at the

                Auxiliary Military Hospitals in Middlesex during the war, 1914 1918

                London, St. Catherine, 1919


*Fetherstonehaugh RC.  No 3 Canadian General Hospital (McGill) 1914-1919

                Montreal, Gazette Printing Co, 1928


*Fife GB.  The passing legions: how the American Red Cross met the American Army in Great Britain, the gateway to France 

                New York, Macmillan, 1920.


Fleming JA.  The last Voyage of HM Hospital Ship ‘Britannic’

                London, Simpkin Marshall, 1917


Folgeambe A. The New Zealand hospital ship "Maheno". The first voyage, July, 1915, to January, 1916

Auckland, 1916


*Fouché N.  Le mouvement perpétuel: histoire de l'Hôpital américain de Paris des origines à nos jours

Toulouse,  Érès, 1991

History of the American Hospital in Neuilly. Chapter 2 is devoted to WW1.


*Francis AEF.  History of the 2/3rd East Lancashire Field Ambulance.

                Salford, The Manor Press, 1930

Written in humorous vein


Gaines RL.  Helping France: the Red Cross in the devastated area 

                New York: Dutton 1919


Geisinger JF.  History of the U.S. Army Base Hospital No. 45 in the Great War

                Richmond, Levy, 1924


*Geller LD.  The American Field Service Archives of World War I, 1914-1917

                New York, Greenwood Press, 1989

An excellent summary of the holdings of the Archives, illustrated with numerous photographs and with a commentary on many of the items in the collection.  The AFS provided the US ambulance service attached largely to the French army until its militarisation by the US Army in September 1917


Gordon J.  The Luck of Thirteen; through Montenegro and Serbia.  Work and adventures of Dr Berry’s Serbian Red Cross Unit

London, Smith Elder, 1916


*Gun JN, Dutton EE.  Historical Records of No 8 Canadian Field Ambulance, Canada, England, France, Belgium 1915-1919

                Toronto, Ryerson Press, 1920


*Haller JS Jr.  Farmcarts to Fords.  A history of the Military Ambulance, 1790-1925

Carbondale and Edwardsville, Southern Illinois University Press, 1992

Part three covers the Great War and covers both sides of the Western Front as well as other theatres


Harrison S. Souvenir of the Leckhampton Court, Cheltenham, V.A. Hospital, 1914 - 1919

Cheltenham, 1919


*Hansen A.  Gentlemen Volunteers.  The Story of  the American Ambulance Drivers in the Great War August 1914-September 1918

New York, Arcade Publishing, 1996


Hay I. One hundred years of army nursing: the story of the British army nursing services from the time of Florence  Nightingale

                London, Cassell, 1953.


Heeres-Sanitätsinspektion ed., Sanitätsbericht über das Deutsche Here in Weltering 1914-1918, 3 vols.

Mittler & Sohn, 1934-1938

                The official history of the German medical and sanitary services, as follows:


vol. 1: Heeres-Sanitätsinspektion ed., Gliederung des Heeressanitätswesens im Weltkriege 1914/1918

Berlin 1935 (Organisational history)


vol. 2: Heeres-Sanitätsinspektion ed., Der Sanitätsdienst im Gefechts und Schlachtenverlauf im Weltkrieg 1914/1918

Berlin 1938 (The medical service in battle)


vol. 3: Heeres-Sanitätsinspektion ed., Die Krankenbewegung bei dem Deutschen Feld und Besatzungsheer im Weltkriege 1914/1918

Berlin 1934. (The medical transport system of the German army (front and occupied



*His W.  Die Front der Ärtzte (The Doctors’ Front)

                Velhagen & Klasing, 1931.

Reports of medical service in Galicia and Mesopotamia.  A translated edition (Blech and Kean) was published by National Service Publishing in 1933


*Howe MA de W (Ed).  The Harvard Volunteers in Europe.  Personal records of experience in military, ambulance and hospital service

                Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University Press, 1916

A series of contributions from Harvard men, including Harvey Cushing, Varazdad Kazanjian and George Shattuck.  At the end is found a full list of volunteers and where they served


Hume EE.  Victories of Army Medicine. Scientific accomplishments of the Medical Department of the US Army

New York, JB Lippincott, 1943

Includes a substantial section on medical advances in WW1


Humphries EM, Gladwin FF. An unofficial Guide to the racecourse Hospital, Cheltenham

Cheltenham, 1915


Jaccottet G. et al . L'etape Liberatrice. Au Soleil et sur les Monts.  La vie de nos soldats et de nos allies internes en Suisse

Paris, Ed. Francaise illustrée, 1918

This book shows how, during World War One, many sick and wounded French and English soldiers were welcomed in Swiss hospitals and convalescent homes. Two chapters are also translated into English and one chapter is only in English. These chapters mainly concern English soldiers


Kernodle PB. The Red Cross Nurse In Action, 1882-1948.

                New York, Harper & Brothers, 1949.


*Krippner M.  The Quality of mercy.  Women at War, Serbia 1915-18

                Newton Abbot & London, David & Charles, 1980

Describes the adventure and ordeals of doctors, nurses, orderlies and drivers in the Balkans


*Laffin J.  Surgeons in the field

                London, JM Dent & Sons, 1970

                A survey of military medicine from earliest times to WW2.  Chapters 20-22 cover the Great War


Lauder J R. The story of the War Hospital, Epsom

London, Heinemann, 1920


Lefebvre P (ed) Histoire de la médecine aux armées. 3, De 1914 à nos jours

Paris, Lavauzelle, 1987 (Comité d'histoire du Service de santé )

History of the medical services of the French Army before, during and after WW1.


*Leigh D.  The background of battle 

                London, Hodder & Stoughton 1916


*Lejars F. Un hôpital militaire à Paris pendant la guerre: Villemin. 1914-1919

Paris, Masson et Cie, 1923


*Lidbetter H, Monk-Jones N.  SSA14 1915-1919. An Account of the activities in Northern France of a section of

the Friends’ Ambulance Unit

                Manchester, J. Ellis Benson, 1919

A rather dull day by day account of an ambulance unit


*Lindsay J, Lindsay D.  The Story of the Red Cross

                Australian Red Cross Society, n.d (c.1943)

A pictorial story compiled for children  by Joan and Daryl Lindsay during the Second World War, with a considerable section on the Great War.  The Queen’s Hospital Sidcup is illustrated and a number of Lindsay’s own drawings appear, including one from his “Digger” book.


Linon P.  Officiers d'administration du Service de Santé. Monographie d'un Corps, d'une Association

Paris, EREMM, 1983

Contains a number of biographies of WW1 doctors


Liverpool, Earl of.  New Zealand Hospital Ships “Mahanoy” and “Maraca”

n.d (?private printing)

Four volumes describing the voyages of these ships between 1915 and 1918


*Love grove P.  Not Least in the Crusade.  A Short History of the RAMC

                Gale and Parden, 1955


Lovejoy EP. Certain Samaritans.

                New York, Macmillan, 1927.

The work of American Women's Hospitals in the Balkans


Lucas BJ.  Children of France and the Red Cross 

                New York, Stokes 1918


Lugard EA.  Some impressions of the work of the British Red Cross in France

                Bombay, 1919


*MacPhail A. Official History of the Canadian forces in the Great War, 1914-19: the Medical Services.

                Ottawa, FA Ackland, 1925.


*McKernan M.  Padre - Australian Chaplains In Gallipoli and France

Allen & Unwin Sydney London Boston, 1986.

Much of the content deals with casualty work


*McLaren B.  Women of the War

                NY, George H. Doran  1918

Women  in  World  War  I;  much  material  on  military medicine and on nursing.


Midwinter C.  Memoirs of the 32nd Field Ambulance, Xth (Irish) Division

                Privately printed, 1933


*Ministry of Pensions.  Location of Hospitals and Casualty Clearing Stations, British Expeditionary Force 1914-1919.

                London, 1923

A foolscap bound typescript listing all units: part 1, numbered hospitals in France; part 2, field ambulances; part 3, miscellaneous.


Moore MM.  The Maple Leaf's Red Cross 

                London, Skeffington 1919


Moreau É.  Les hôpitaux de Vendée durant la guerre : l'accueil des blessés et malades en Vendée pendant la Guerre 1914-1918

La Roche-sur-Yon, Amicale philatélique yonnaise, 1996

History of Hospitals in Vendée during the WW1 through a philatelic study.


*Murray F.  Women as Army Surgeons.  Being the History of the Women’s Hospital Corps in Paris, Wimereux and Endell Street, September 1914 - October 1919

                London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1920


*Official History of the Great War: Medical Services; General History, Volume 1

                London, HMSO, 1921

Medical services in the United Kingdom; in British garrisons overseas; and during operations against Tsingtau, in Togoland, the Cameroons and South-West Africa


Official History of the Great War: Medical Services; General History, Volume 2

                London, HMSO, 1922

                Medical services on the Western Front, and during the operations in France and Belgium, 1914-15


Official History of the Great War: Medical Services; General History, Volume 3

                London, HMSO, 1924

                Medical services during the operations on the Western Front in 1916, 1917 and 1918; In Italy; and in Egypt and Palestine


*Official History of the Great War: Medical Services; Surgery of the War, Volumes1 & 2. 

                London, HMSO, 1922

The second volume contains a chapter on facial injury contributed by Gillies and Mendelson, illustrated with cases from Sidcup.  The chapter has a bias towards the dental aspects with photographs of several splints and prostheses.


The Medical section of the Official History comprises the following: Diseases Of The War (2 Vols), Hygiene Of The War (2 Vols), Surgery Of The War (2 Vols) and Pathology (1 Vol)


*Official History of the Great War: Medical Services; Casualties and Medical Statistics

                London, HMSO, 1931 (reprinted Battery Press, 1997)

                Record and analysis of over 11 million casualties.  Statistics for facial injuries are hard to determine, as they are “lost” within a generic group of head, face and neck


+Official History of the Australian Medical Services in the 1914-1918 War

                Sydney, 1921

The Queen’s Hospital is mentioned in Volume 2; a photograph of a Casualty Clearing Station (one of a very small number in the book) shows Fay Maclure (later posted to Sidcup) operating.  Volume 3 contains Newland’s chapter on facial surgery based on his experience at Sidcup, with diagrams by Daryl Lindsay (many of the originals of which are still filed in the Sidcup notes)


Official History of New Zealand's Effort in the Great War Vol. IV. (ed. Stewart H)

                Whitcomb & Tombs, 1923

                Includes a section on nurses, hospitals, hospital ships and the dental service


*Oliver, Beryl. G.B.E. R.R.C.  The British Red Cross in Action.

                London, Faber and Faber, 1966.

Includes chapters on the BRCS's work during WWI including sections on VADs, work abroad, and in Britain.


*Peters W. American Memorial Hospital, Reims, France: A  History.

                New York, Privately Printed, 1955.


*Piggott J.  Queen Alexandra’s Royal Army Nursing Corps

                London, Leo Cooper, 1975


*Pitcher A.  The Cambridge Military Hospital, Aldershot

                Andover, Holmes & Sons (printers) 1996

                Outlines the history of the hospital, which first admitted patients in 1879 and closed in 1996.  Contains a substantial section on the work of Gillies and his colleagues


*Plumridge JH.  Hospital Ships and Ambulance Trains. 

                London, Seeley, Service & Co., 1975

Detailed account of the organisation of transport facilities for seriously wounded men.


*Pottle FA.  Stretchers.  The Story of a Hospital Unit on the Western Front.

                New Haven, Yale University Press, 1929

History of Evacuation Hospital No 8 from the enlistment of its men in early 1918 through the end of the war. Based initially at Juilly, the hospital was for a time the only advanced unit covering the battles at Belleau Woods and Château-Thierry and Pottle notes that it dealt with 6% of all American casualties of the war.  An excellent account, with a few illustrations.  A medical view is given by one of its surgeons, Arthur Shipley (q.v.). See Mitchell (section 13)


Read J. The Princess Louise Scottish Hospital at Erskine House, Glasgow

Glasgow, 1917


*Roubaud N, Brehamet RN. Le Colonel Picot et les Gueules Cassées

                Paris, Nouvelles Ed. Latines, 1960

French description of Picot, his military service and injury and the work he did to develop the “self-help” group of facially injured Frenchmen


*Samuelson P (ed.).  I owe my Life

                London, Bloomsbury, 1995

A celebration of the 125th anniversary of the British Red Cross, with a substantial section on the Great War


Sergent E and E.  L'armée d'Orient Delivrée du Paludisme

Paris, Masson et Cie, 1932

A short book written for non-medical workers (middle grade army officers, engineers etc) based on the experience of the French army around Salonika and in Algeria.  Quirky illustrations abound


*Shipley AM.  The officers and nurses of Evacuation Eight

                New Haven, Yale University Press, 1929


*Smucker, JR Jr. The History of the United States Army Ambulance Service with the French and Italian armies, 1917, 1918, 1919.

                Allentown, PA U.S. Army Ambulance Service, 1967.

This commemorative history was published by the U.S. Army Ambulance Service Association in celebration of the 50th anniversary of the establishment of the USAAS and the founding of Camp Crane in  Allentown, PA


Snell A.E. The C.A.M.C. with the Canadian Corps during the last hundred days of the Great War

Ottawa, F.A. Acland, 1924


Spire C, Lombardy P.  Précis d'organisation et de fonctionnement du service de santé en temps de guerre.

Principes de tactique sanitaire (Outline of the organisation and functions of a wartime sanitary service. Principles of sanitary practice)

Paris, Lavauzelle, 1925


*Stubbings L. "Look what you started Henry!" A History of the Australian Red Cross 1914-1991

Melbourne, Australian Red Cross Society 1992


Summers, Anne. Angels and Citizens: British Women as Military Nurses 1854-1914. 

                London: Routledge, 1988.

The definitive history of British military nursing from before Nightingale through the establishment of the QAIMNS and the VADs.


*Tatham M, Miles JE.  The Friends' Ambulance Unit 1914-1919. 

                London, The Swarthmore Press Ltd, 1919

The Society of Friends were involved with the operation of field ambulances and of several ambulance trains.


*Taylor E.  Wartime Nurse: one hundred years from the Crimea to Korea 1854-1954

London, Robert Hale, 2001

A “popular” account of military nursing; somewhat repetitive but well researched, with a substantial section on the Great War


*Troussaint, Médecin-inspecteur.    La Direction du Service de Santé en campagne. Notions generales, d'ordre militaire, administratif, technique, nécessaires à tous les directeurs et chefs de service dans les principales situations de guerre depuis la mobilisation jusqu'à la bataille

Paris - Limoges, Lavauzelle, 1917

                Instruction book for the medical service, describing organisation down to the last detail, including the contents of the equipment cases.  The contents of Case 3 (cooking utensils) include a 2-litre cafetière, coffee grinder and corkscrew


Troussaint, Médecin-inspecteur.  Une page de l'histoire du service de santé militaire. Sa préparation à la guerre et l'oeuvre de la 7ème Direction pendant la première année de guerre.

                Paris, Charles-Lavauzelle, 1919


*Tyquin MB. Gallipoli : The Medical War : The Australian Army Medical Services in the Dardanelles Campaign of 1915 (Modern History, Vol 16)



Vallotton B.  Soldats Aveugles en France.

                Lausanne, Librairie F. Rouge et Cie, 1916

A booklet produced by the Fond Suisse Romand, established to assist blind soldiers in France, containing articles, reports, letters and a list of donors to the Fund


*Vandercook M.  The Red Cross Girls in the British Trenches

                J.C. Winston, 1916


Varenne L.  Organisation et fonctionnement du service pharmaceutique de l'armée (Organisation and functions of the army pharmaceutical service)

Paris & Nancy, Berger-Levrault, 1915


Van Schaik J.  The little corner never conquered: the story of the American Red Cross war work for Belgium 

                New York, Macmillan 1922


*Vivian EC, Hodder-Williams JE.  The way of the Red Cross 

                London, Hodder & Stoughton 1915 


Volpi J-C.  Menton-Roquebrune : 1914-1918 / [cartes postales réunies et présentées par] Jean- Roquebrune-Cap-Martin

Impr. Ariano 1984

Postcards from the Menton Hospital during WW1.


*Whalen RW.  Bitter Wounds.  German victims of the Great War, 1914-1939

                Ithaca & London, Cornell University Press, 1984

                An account of the experience of German “war victims” (which includes disabled veterans, widows and orphans) and the rehabilitation and pension arrangements of postwar Germany.  Drawn from a range of sources from official documents to works of fiction, it is sparingly but graphically illustrated and superbly referenced


Wood FJ. The 1st Home Counties Field Ambulance and the Great War, 1914-1919.

Maidstone, ‘Kent Messenger’, 1923




5.  Medical or nursing textbooks; texts on management & rehabilitation of disability


*Adam C (ed).  Seuchenbekämpfung im Kriege. (The fight against epidemic diseases in War)

                Jena, 1915

With, among others, a contribution by A. von Wasserman.


*Allbee FH.  Bone graft surgery

                Philadelphia & London, WB Saunders, 1915 (repr 1917)

                Definitive text by one of the pioneers of bone grafts who wrote of his experiences at Neuilly (q.v.)


*Alport AC.  Malaria and its treatment in the line and at base

                Baltimore, Wood, 1919


Alquier P, Tanton J.  L’Appareillage dans les fractures de guerre

                Paris, Masson et Cie, 1918


Amar J (trans Miall B).  The physiology of industrial organisations and the re-employment of the disabled

London, Library Press, 1918


Anderson HG.  The Medical and Surgical Aspects of Aviation

                London, Oxford University Press, 1919

Including sections on physiology and neurosis


Anon.  Nomenclature Nosologique Generale

                Paris, Sous-Secrétariat d'Etat du Service de Santé militaire, 1917


Anon.  Instruction medicale pour les capitaines des batiments de la marine Nationale depourvus de medecins et munis des coffres a medicaments no 2 Ou 3. 15 octobre 1909.

Paris, Imprimerie nationale, 1918

This directive operated throughout WW1


*Anon.  Manual of Splints and Appliances for the treatment of Bone and Joint Injuries (as supplied to the United States Army by the American Red Cross)

                London, Henry Frowde and Hodder & Stoughton for the British Red Cross Society, 1917

A field pocket Manual, underlining the importance of the development of the Thomas splint, illustrating a number of different splints in diagrammatic form, and with blank pages for users’ notes.  An attached cloth tie holds the book closed


*Anon.  British medicine in the war.  Being essays on problems of medicine, surgery and pathology

                London, B.M.A., 1917

A collection of articles which originally appeared in the British Medical Journal from April to October 1917. Contains articles on bacteriology, trench fever, hospital ships, surgery (including anaesthetics, antiseptics, shock, infections, wounds, fractures), gas gangrene, orthopaedic hospitals, artificial limbs, gunshot wounds, and British medical women, among other topics


*Anon.  Notes for Sanitary officers.  British Expeditionary Force in France

                London, H.M.S.O., 1917.


Anon.  Handy Book for the Hospital Corps

Washington, Government printing Office, 1917

Produced by the US Bureau of Medicine & Surgery


Anon.  Home Service and the disabled soldier or sailor

Washington, American Red Cross, 1918

American Red Cross Circular No 210


Anon.  Sixième Congrés International de Medecine et de Pharmacie militaire

Paris, Ministere de la Defense nationale, 1931

Including papers on psychoneuroses, haemostasis on the battlefield, consequences of battle injury to the teeth and lower jaw


Anon.  Vor zwanzig Jahren.  Vol 1: Deutsche Arztrater im Weltkrieg. Erlebnisse und Berichte Und neue Folge Vol 2: Von den Dardanellen zum Sues. Mit Marineärzten im Weltkrieg durch die Türkei ( Twenty years ago.  Vol 1: German medicine in theWorld War. Real-life experiences and accounts with new additions. Vol 2: From Dardanelles to Suez, with Navy doctors in the World War in Turkey)

N.P., Leipzig, 1935


Ash EL.  Nerve in wartime, causes and cure of nervous breakdown

                London, Mills & Boon, 1915


*Bainbridge WS.  Report on medical and surgical developments of the war

                Washing­ton DC, Naval Medical Bulletin, 1919


*Bainbridge WS.  Report on Third International Congress of Military Medicine and Pharmacy, Paris, 1925

                Washington DC, 1926

                This report covers a number of organisational and medical issues based on great war experience.  Reprinted from a series of articles in the “Military Surgeon”, it records the third congress (the first was in Brussels in 1921, the second in Rome in 1923).


*Bainbridge, WS.   Report on Fourth International Congress of military medicine and pharmacy. Warsaw, Poland, May-June 1927

Menasha (Wisconsin), George Banta Publishing Co, no date (1927 or 1928)

Four main subjects were reported upon at the Congress: Evacuation in moving warfare (pp 23-72); Etiology and prophylaxis of influenza (including a communication by Colonel Edgar E. Hume, US Army:"Influenza in the American Army during the World War") (pp 72-124); Sequelae of traumatisms of the skull and their treatment (pp 124-207); The arsenobenzols: methods of analysis and chemical determination (pp 207-231).


Baird  HHC.  A Government Committee of Enquiry and The Light Metal Artificial Leg

                Privately published, 1923


Barbazan M.  Les hemianopsies dans les traumatismes par armes à feu

Le Francois, 1914


Beatson GT.  How the Wounded-Disabled Soldier is Treated Surgically at Scotland’s Orthopaedic Centres

                Glasgow, British Red Cross Society (Scottish Branch), 1917

Based on the methods employed in the Bellahouston Hospital


*Bielschowsky A.  Blindenwesen und Kriegsblinden-Fürsorge. Ein Vortrag (Care of blind war wounded. A report)

Berlin, 1916


*Blair VP.  Surgery and diseases of the Mouth and Jaws

St Louis, Mosby; London, Henry Kimpton 1918 (3rd ed., revised so as to incorporate the latest war data concerning gunshot injuries of the face and jaws etc)

1st edition published in 1912; the revisions for the 3rd edition were based on Blair’s experiences in France and for the 4th, published after the war, additionally from his experience on attachment at the Queen’s Hospital, Sidcup


Bleker J, Schmiedemach H-P.  Medizin und Krieg Vom Dilemma der Heilberufe 1865-1985 (Medicine and War: The dilemma of the Caring Professions 1865-1985)

                Fischer Verlag, 1987

A chapter relates to ethical and ideological problems of the Great War


Bowlby AA.  The Hunterian Oration on British Military Surgery in the time of Hunter and in the Great War.

                London, Adlard & Son and West Newman, 1919


Braun J. 20 Jahre Westdeutsche Kriegshirn-Verletztenfuersorge (20 years of treating West Germany’s brain injuries of the War)

Köln, 1935


Brown MW.  Neuropsychiatry and the war. A Bibliography with Abstracts

                New York, Nat. Comm. for Mental Hygiene. 1918


*Call AP.  Nerves and the war

                Boston, Little, Brown, 1918

                A description for the lay person of “nerve” as much as of “nerves”


*Camus  J.  Physical and occupational re education of the maimed

                London, Baillière, Tindall, 1918

Originally published as “Réeducation fonctionnelle et réeducation professionnelle des blessés

(Paris, Baillière, 1917)


Carbery ARD.  The New Zealand medical service in the Great War

                Auckland, Whitcombe & Tombs, 1924


*Carrel A, Dehelly G.  The Treatment of Infected Wounds

                New York, Hoeber, 1917. 

A description of the Carrel-Dakin method using antiseptic solutions. Also published by the University of London Press in the “Military Medical Manuals” series


*Castiaux A, Temmerman F.  Guide de l'Invalide. Encyclopedie des questions interessant les mutilés, invalides de guerre et anciens combattants belges

Brussels, Guide de l'Invalide, n.d. (1930)

History of F.N.I. (Federation Nationale de Militaires Mutiles et Invalides de Guerre).  Volume 1 is titled “F.N.I. et Oeuvres”; Volume 2 is titled “Codification et commentaries”. A detailed survey of all the measures taken by Belgian State and F.N.I. for War disabled veterans, in extraordinary detail


Cazin M.  De la Cranioplastie consecutive aux larges trepanations pour fractures de guerre (cranioplasty following large trepanations for war fractures)

Paris, Maloine, 1916


Chemin A.  Contribution à l’histoire des hôpitaux thermaux militaries: utilisation par les services de santé militaire des ressources thermales et climatiques (A Contribution to the history of the military thermal hospitals: use by the military health services of thermal and climatic resources)

Toulouse, 1927


Christine R.  La Première guerre mondiale: conséquences pathologiques pour les combattants français du Front occidental

Paris, Barré & Dayez, 1997

Sanitary affairs in the French Army on the West Front during the WW1.


*Church JR.  The doctor's part: what happens to the wounded in war

                New York, Appleton, 1918

James Church had served in the US Army Medical Corps in the war with Spain and was a military observer on the Western Front from 1915-1917.  This book summarises the organisation of French medical services from the front to the base hospitals and includes an account of being under fire in the front line.


*Clifford WG.  The ex soldier, by Himself

                London, A&C Black, 1916


Collie J.  The management of neurasthenia and allied disorders contracted in the Army

                London, Bale & Danielsson 1917


Cummins SL.  Studies of influenza in hospitals of the British Armies in France, 1918

                London, Medical Research Committee, 1919


Curie M.  La Radiologie et La Guerre

Paris, Alcan, 1921

Textbook of wartime radiology by Marie Curie


*Dakin HD, Dunham K.  A Handbook on Antiseptics

                New York, Macmillan, 1917.

                A tiny pocket book; curiously the cover entitles it “Handbook of Antiseptics”


Davenport CB, Love AG.  Army anthropology

                Washington DC, Dept. of Army, 1921


Dearborn FM (ed).  American homeopathy in the World War

                New York, Globe, 1923


*Delorme E (trans H de Méric).  War Surgery.

                London, HK Lewis, 1915


Desplas B.  Anesthésie à la Stovaïne en Chirugie de Guerre

                Paris, Masson et Cie, 1918


*Deus P.  Kompendium der Kriegschirurgie (Compendium of war surgery)

Bern, Ernst Bircher, 1923

By a Swiss military surgeon, the book is derived from experience on the Eastern front, Austria and Italy


Dix KW.  Psychologische Beobachtungen über die Eindrücke des Krieges auf Einzelne wie auf die Masse (Psychological observations on the consequences of the War on single persona and on the masses)

Langensalza, 1915


Dienemann F.  Briefe Eines Arztes über Ernährung an Einen Laien (Letters from a doctor to a layman about nutrition)

Jence, Fischer, 1918

This book deals particularly with nutrition in war.


Dolamore WH.   The Treatment in Germany of Gunshot Injuries of the Face and Jaws

                London, British Dental Association, 1916. 

Translated and abstracted from the German literature.


Dudgeon LS.  Studies of bacillary dysentery occurring in the British Forces in Macedonia

                London, Medical Research Committee, 1919


Duval P.  Plaies de guerre de poumon (War wounds of the lungs)

                Paris, Masson et Cie, 1918


*Eder MD.  War shock: the psycho neuroses in war

                London, Heinemann, 1917


Eliot Smith G, Pear TH.  Shell shock and its lessons.

                Manchester, University Press; London, Longmans, Green & Co, 1917

The first published account of shellshock.


*Fauntleroy AM. Report on the medico-military aspects of the European war, from observations taken behind the allied armies in France.

                Washington DC, GPO, 1915.

Contains chapters on military organization and equipment, the organization for the transportation and care of the sick and wounded, base hospital work, and general field conditions. One of the appendices discusses the French army ration.


*Feiler E.  Der Zahnarzt im Felde (The Dentist on the Battlefield)

                Berlin, 1916


*Fenton N.  Shell shock and its aftermath

                St. Louis, Mosby, 1926

                A scientific study of American “War Neurotics”.  Fenton was attached to Base Hospital 117, AEF, and was Professor of Psychology at Ohio University.  Many references in text


Fitzwilliams DCL.  A nursing manual for nurses and nursing orderlies

                London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1915


*Fox RF.  Physical Remedies for Disabled Soldiers

                London, Baillière, Tindall & Cox, 1917


*de Friedberg E.  Guide Pratique du Secouriste français – Infirmier volontaire

                Paris, Société des Secouristes français – Infirmiers volontaires, 1914

                A small manual of stretcher, bandaging & splinting


Freud S. et al.   Zur Psychoanalyse der Kriegsneurosen. (The Psychoanalysis of War Neurosis).  Diskussion gehalten auf dem V. Internationalen Psychoanalytischen Kongress in Budapest, 28 und 29 September. 1918.

                Leipzig/Wien, 1919


Fuchs D. Praktische Hygiene und Bekämpfung der Infektionskrankheiten im Felde

                (Practical hygiene and the fight against infectious diseases on the battlefield)

                Wien, 1918


Giercke, H. W.  Der Kriegsverletzungen des Herzens (Heart lesions in wartime)

Jena, 1920


*Gilchrist HL. A comparative study of world war casualties from gas and other weapons.

                Washington DC, GPO, 1928.


*Gillies H.D. Plastic Surgery of the Face

                London, Henry Frowde, Hodder & Stoughton, 1920

The first modern textbook of plastic surgery, with a chapter contributed by Wade on the development of anaesthesia. Profusely illustrated with photographs and diagrams, many of the originals of which are at Queen Mary’s Sidcup in the Archives


*Gillies Sir H., Millard DR.  The Principles and Art of Plastic Surgery

                London, Butterworth; New York, Little, Brown and Co, 1957

A “coffee table” book with a curiously whimsical approach, describing Gillies’s surgical work from 1916.  Although full of technical points, it remains readable (and interesting) to the layman, not least because of its style. The anaesthetic section is contributed by Ivan Magill, who with Stanley Rowbotham was responsible at Sidcup for the development of endotracheal anaesthesia


*Golen H de.  Scandales medicaux pendant la guerre

Paris, Maurice d’Hartoy, 1933


Gordon MH.  Cerebrospinal fever: Studies in the bacteriology, preventive control, and specific treatment of... among the military forces, 1915 19

                London, Medical Research Committee, 1920


*Gordon-Taylor G.  The Abdominal Injuries of Warfare

                Bristol & London, Simpkin Marshall, 1939

Based on WW1 experience in Casualty Clearing Stations


*Gray HMW.  The Early Treatment of War Wounds

                London, Henry Frowde and Hodder & Stoughton, 1919

Colonel Gray served in France for three and a half years.  His book covers treatment at Advance Dressing Stations  and Casualty Clearing Stations; largely about general principles, there are chapters on the management of brain and spinal cord injuries, and compound femoral fracture


*Guy’s Hospital Reports: Vol LXX (War Memorial Number)

                London, J&A Churchill, 1922

The last of an annual series of volumes which began in 1836, the “Reports” were replaced by a quarterly publication.  This volume contains portraits and brief obituaries of Guy’s men and women who died in the Great War, a records of honours and medals (including one VC, to Capt H. Ackroyd RAMC) and a series of articles by Guy’s men of different aspects of medicine and surgery.  These include an excellent summary of the developing role of Casualty Clearing Stations, an illustrated chapter on war neuroses and a chapter on dentistry and dental surgery


Haldane ES.  The British nurse in peace and war

                London, Murray, 1923


Hanes EL.  Minds and nerves of soldiers

                Altadena, Cal, Hanes, 1941


Harper G.  Vocational re-education for war cripples in France

New York, Red Cross 1918

Grace Harper was head of the Bureau for Re-education of Mutilés in Paris


Hastings S.  First aid for the trenches: Simple instructions for saving life

                London, Murray, 1916  (*New York, George U Harvey, 1917)


Harris G.  The Redemption of the disabled; a study of programmes of rehabilitation for the disabled of war and industry

New York and London, Appleton, 1918

From the series “Problems of the war and reconstruction”


Hatt CW.  The future of the disabled soldier

                London, Bale, 1917


*Hezel O.et al.  Die Kriegsbeschädigungen des Nervensystems. (Damage to the Nervous System on the Battlefield)

                Wiesbaden, 1917


*Hirschfeld M. The sexual history of the World war, from reports collected by the Institute for Sexual Science.

                New York, Falstaff Press, 1937.

                Originally released as Sittengeschichte des Ersten Weltkrieges, (Hanau, Müller & Kiepenheuer, 1929)


His W, Weintraud W (ed.)  Verhandlungen der ausserordentlichen Tagung des DT. Kongresses für innere Medizin in Warschau 1-2 mai 1916.  Kriegsseuchen und Kriegskrankheiten. (Debates from the extraordinary convention of the DT Congress for internal medicine in Warsaw, 1-2 May 1916: infections and medical conditions)

Wiesbaden, Bergmann, 1916

Contains contributions by Hoffmann (Schutz des Heeres gegen Cholera - Protection of the army against cholera), Wenckebach (Ueber Herzerkrankungen bei Kriegsteilnehmen – Heartconditions in War participants), Brauer (Über das Fleckfieber - On the spotted fever), Juergens (Epidemiologia des Fleckfiebers - Epidemiology of spotted fever), Krehl (Der Abdominaltyphus im Kriegs -  Abdominal typhus in the war), Huenermann (Über typhusschutzimpfung – Typhus vaccination), Stintzing (Paratyphus), Matthes und Kruse (Über die Ruhr - Dysentery), Hirsch (Nierenentzuendung im Felde - Nephritis in the field)


Howson G.  Handbook for the limbless. 

                London, Disabled Soc, 1922


*Hughes B, Banks HS.  War Surgery.  From Firing Line to Base

                London, Baillière, Tindall & Cox, 1918

Notable for a series of colour plates, very badly drawn, but showing a number of soldier patients with happy smiles— and cigarettes.  Despite this, it is the definitive manual on major battlefield surgery, with useful sections on medical conditions and infection


*Hull AJ.  Surgery in war

                London, Churchill, 1916

Alfred Keogh in the preface describes this as a “taking stock” book.  Notably missing is any account of the management of facial injury


Hutt CW.  The future of the disabled soldier

London, Bale & Fisher Unwin, 1917


Ireland MW.  The Medical Department of the United States Army in the World War

                Washington DC, Government Printing Office



The Surgeon General’s Office, 1923


Administration American Expeditionary Forces, 1927


Finance and Supply, 1928


Activities Concerning Mobilization Camps and Ports of  Embarkation, 1928


Military Hospitals in the U.S., 1923


Sanitation, 1926


Training, 1927


Field Operations, 1925


Communicable and Other Diseases, 1928


*Neuropsychiatry, 1929


*Surgery Part 1, General Surgery, Orthopedic Surgery, Neurosurgery, 1927


Surgery Part 2, Empyema, Maxillofacial Surgery, Ophthalmology, Otolaryngology, 1924


Acute Respiratory Diseases, Gas Gangrene following War Wounds, 1929


Part 1, Physical Reconstruction and Vocational Education


Part 2, the Army Nurse Corps, 1927


*Medical Aspects of Gas Warfare, 1926


Statistics Part 1, Army Anthropology, 1921


Statistics Part 2, Medical and Casualty Statistics, 1925


The American equivalent of the “Official History”, prepared under the direction of Major General M.W. Ireland, Surgeon General of the Army.


Ireland MW (intr).  Report on Fourth International Congress of military medicine and pharmacy. Warsaw, Poland, May - June 1927.

Menasha (Wisconsin), George Banta Publishing Co, n.d. (1927 or 1928)

Detailed report in English of the Congress, with list of delegates, reports, communications and discussions.  Five subjects were reported upon at the Congress, including three having some connections with WW1: Evacuation in moving warfare; aetiology and prophylaxis of influenza (including a communication by Colonel Edgar E. Hume, US Army: “Influenza in the American Army during the World War”; Dental communications: and one directly connected with WW1:- Sequelae of traumatisms of the skull and their treatment (pp 124 to 207)


*Jones R.  Note on Military Orthopaedics.

                London, Cassell & Co (for the British Red Cross) 1917 (reprinted 1918)

Sir Robert Jones was an orthopaedic surgeon of considerable ability and is considered one of the fathers of British orthopaedic surgery. Originally enlisting as a lieutenant, it was not until a number of American surgeons had asked for introductions to the “head of army orthopaedics” that he was plucked from obscurity and rapidly promoted.


*Keen WW.  The Treatment of War Wounds.

                Philadelphia, Saunders, 1917 (2nd ed 1918)

William Keen was a surgeon in the American Civil War as well as in the 1914-18 conflict..  Harvey Cushing contributed an account of his techniques for managing head wounds


*Keith A.  Menders of the Maimed

                London, Henry Frowde, 1919 (repr Philadelphia, JB Lippincott, 1975)

                Written by Arthur Keith, Hunterian Professor of Surgery at London’s Royal College of Surgeons, it is a summary of important developments in orthopaedics and based on a series of wartime lectures.  Its subject matter is almost entirely pre-war


Knox R. Radiography and Radiotherapeutics

London, A&C Black; New York, Macmillan, 1919

In 2 volumes; Vol 1* is Radiography, including details of military applications and apparatus suitable for field hospitals.  Knox worked at, and drew his experience for the books from, the 4th London general Hospital


Kuhnt H.  Plastische Operationen an Lidern und Bindehaut bei Kriegsverletzten (Plastic surgery to eyelids and conjunctiva after War lesions)

Bonn, 1922


*Küttner H.  Verletzungen des Gehirns (Brain Injuries)

Stuttgart / Enke (Coll. Neue Deutsche Chirurgie), 1920

In 3 volumes


*Lagarde LA .  Gunshot injuries

                London, Bale, 1914

                Reprinted by the Battery Press, 1995                     


*Larousse Médical de Guerre

                Paris, Librairie Larousse, 1917

An illustrated encyclopaedia, arranged alphabetically


*Lawson A.  War blindness at St. Dunstan's

                London, Oxford, 1922

Sir Arthur Lawson, Director of St Dunstan’s, was himself blind


*Lebedinsky J, Virenque M.  Prothèse et Chirurgie Cranio-Maxillo-Faciale

Paris, JB Baillière et fils, 1918

                Based on the authors’ experience of some 700 cases at the 4th Region Hospital, Mans.  It includes many details of jaw splinting and grafting, but the plastic techniques illustrated (which include rhinoplasty) are unsophisticated


*Le Bon, G.  The psychology of the Great War

                London: Fisher Unwin, 1916


Lelean PS.  Sanitation in war

                London, Churchill, 1917        


Lewis T.  Reports upon Soldiers Returned as Cases of 'Disordered Action of the Heart, (DAH) or Valvular Disease of the heart (VDH)

                London, H.M.S.O., 1917. 

A condition which often afflicted troops, otherwise called Da Costa's or effort syndrome, nowadays considered to be a feature of post-traumatic stress disorder


*Lewis T.  The soldier's heart and the effort syndrome

                London, Shaw & Sons, 1918  (*New York, Hoeber, 1920)


Lloyd L.  Lice and their menace to man: with a chapter on trench fever                               

                London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1919


*MacCallum WG. The Pathology of the Pneumonia in the United States Army Camps During the Winter of 1917-18 

New York, Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research, 1919.

Monograph No.10, describing what is attributed to measles pneumonia, but may well be bronchopneumonia secondary to influenza (Spanish ‘flu).  Illustrated with colour and b&w plates of pathology slides and specimens


*MacCurdy JT.  War neuroses. 

                Cambridge, University Press, 1918

An American account.  Foreword by Rivers of Craiglockhart.


*McDill JR.  Lessons from the enemy: How Germany cares for her war disabled              

                Philadelphia, Lea & Febiger, 1918

Military Medical Manual No 5


*McKenzie RT.  Reclaiming the maimed: A handbook of physical therapy

                New York, Macmillan, 1918

A summary of therapy techniques of value in treating the disabled serviceman, including a section on the masking of facial deformity.  After the war Tait McKenzie became preoccupied with depicting in sculpture the “typical physique”, in Nietzschean style


Maclean H.  Albuminuria and war nephritis among British troops in France

                London, Medical Research Committee, 1919


MacMurtrie DC.  The disabled soldier

                New York, Macmillan, 1919


Makins GH.  Gunshot injuries of the arteries

                London, Oxford University Press, 1914


Mackintosh DJ.  Construction and management of a general hospital

Edinburgh, Hodge, 1916


*Maltz M.  Evolution of Plastic Surgery

                New York, Froben Press, 1946

A general study of plastic surgery from its origins in antiquity.  Contains a section on the plastic surgery developments of the Great War


Marion G.  Chirurgie de Guerre (War Surgery). Indications Générales du Traitement des plaies de guerre.

                Paris, Maloine, 1916

Manual of medicaments, splints etc


*Marchet G.  Die Versorgung der Kriegsinvaliden und ihrer hinterbliebenen

                (Care of war invalids and their dependents)

                Warnsdorf, Verlag Ed. Strache, 1915


*Marr HC.  Psychoses of the war, including neurasthenia and shell shock

                New York, Oxford University Press, 1919


Maxwell WN.  A psychological retrospect of the Great War

                London, Allen & Unwin, 1923


Maxwell Lefroy H.  Measures for avoidance and extermination of flies, mosquitoes, lice and other vermin

                London, Thacker, 1915


Medical War Manuals.

                Philadelphia & New York, Lea & Febiger, 1917


                *No 1: Vedder EB. Sanitation for Medical Officers

*No 2:  Goodwin TH.  Notes for Army Medical Officers

Pocket books for officers in the field; the first is interspersed with blank sheets of lined paper so that notes can be kept


*Misch J, Rumpel C.  Die Kriegsverletzungen der Kiefer und Angrenzenden Teile. Ein Kurzgefasstes Lehrbuch für Zahnarzte und Ärzte zum Gebrauch im Felde und in der Heimat.  (War injuries of the jaw and adjoining parts. A dentist's and doctor's concise lesson book for use on the battlefield and on the home front

Berlin, Hermann Meusser, 1916

                A profusely illustrated textbook on jaw injuries, with numerous examples of superficial surgery and splinting


Military Medical Manuals (general editor Surgeon General Sir Alfred Keogh)

                University of London Press, 1917-18

A series of ready reference works translated from the French.  The advertisement sheets state “Each translation has been made by a practised hand, and is edited by a specialist in the branch of surgery or medicine covered by the volume.... Each volume in the series is complete in itself, while the whole will form a comprehensive picture of the medicine and surgery of the Great War”. They were published by Masson et Cie in Paris as part of the Horizon collection; a number of these were not translated, and these are included here with a ~ prefix


*Abadie G. (Ed Arbuthnot Lane A).  Wounds of the abdomen


Armand-Delille P, Abrami P, Paisseau G, Lemaire H. (Ed Ross D).  Malaria: Clinical and haematological features.  Principles of treatment


*Babinski J, Froment J (ed Farquhar Buzzard E).  Hysteria or Pithiatism and Reflex Nervous Disorders in the Neurology of War

An account, with bibliography, of war-studies on hysteria and of the authors' own work


*Benisty A (ed Farquhar Buzzard E).  The clinical forms of nerve lesions


Benisty A (ed Farquhar Buzzard E).  The treatment and repair of nerve lesions


~Bertein P, Nimier A.  Les premières heures du Blessé de guerre.  Du trou d’obus au poste de secours

(the first hours of a war casualty from injury to aid post)


*Bourgeois H, Sourdille H. (Ed Dundas Grant J) War otitis and war deafness.


Broca A. (trans Renfrew White J, ed Elmslie RC).  The After-Effects of Wounds of the Bones and Joints


*Broca A and DuCroquet J (trans /ed. Elmslie RC).  Artificial limbs


*Carrel A, Dehelly G (trans Child H)  The Treatment of Infected Wounds

A description of the Carrel-Dakin method using antiseptic solutions.  Also published in the USA by Hoeber


*Chatelin C, de Martel D (ed Burghard FF).  Wounds of the skull and brain


Courtois-Suffit MM, Giroux R (ed Bruce D, Golla F).  Abnormal forms of tetanus


~Desfosses P, Charles-Robert.  La Suspension dans la Traitement des Fractures.  Appareils Anglo-Américains (Suspension in fracture management. Anglo-American equipment)


~Grégoire R, Courcoux.  Plaies de la Plèvre et du Poumon (Injuries of pleura and lung)


Imbert L, Réal P (ed Colyer JF).  Fractures of the lower jaw


*Lagrange F (trans Child C).  Fractures of the orbit and injuries of the eye in war


~Lepine J.  Troubles mentaux de guerre  (Psychiatric disorders of war)


~Leri A.  Commotions et Émotions de guerre (Shock and emotion in war)


Leriche R (ed Burghard FF).  The treatment of fractures (2 vols; 1: Fractures involving joints; 2: Fractures of the shaft


de Martel T.  Blessures du Crâne.  Traitement opératoire des plaies du crane (Operative treatment of cranial injuries)

                The English version was co-edited by Chatelin (vide supra)


Ombrédanne A, Ledoux-Lebard M (ed Reid AD).  Localisation and extraction of projectiles

                French edition *(Localisation et extraction des projectiles, 1918).  Contains a useful summary of radiological techniques and risks


~Policard A.  L’Évolution de la Plaie de guerre.  Mecanismes biologiques fondamentaux (The evolution of war wounds. Fundamental biological mechanisms)


~Ravaud P.  Syphilis. Paludisme. Amibiase.  Cures initiales et blanchiment (Syphilis, malaria and amoebiasis; initial cures and hygiene)


Roussy G, Lhermitte J (trans Christopherson WB, ed Aldren Turner W). The Psychoneuroses of War

A discussion in the main of shell-shock.  Though the French had no word for this condition they were assiduous in treating it and claimed a 98 per cent recovery rate. The French version appears to have different authors (Roussy, Boisseau & d’Oelsnitz)


Sencert L. (Ed Burghard FF).  Wounds of the blood vessels


*Thibierge G. (Ed Marshall CF).  Syphilis and the Army

The editor remarks that current British treatment was intravenous injection of a salvarsan 'substitute' combined with intra-muscular injections of mercury.


~Vallat.  Accidents du Travail des ouvriers des usines et établissements de la guerre (Work accidents in factories and other war establishments)


*Vincent H, Muratet L (trans / ed Rolleston JD).  Typhoid fevers and paratyphoid fevers


Vincent H, Muratet L (ed Low GC).  Dysenteries, Cholera and exanthematic typhus

                *French edition (Paris, Masson et cie Editeurs / Libraires de l’Academie de Medicine, 1917)


*~Zimmern A, Perol P. Electrodiagnostic de guerre (Electrodiagnosis in war)

                Paris, Masson et Cie, 1917

                                A manual of electrodiagnostic tests for the diagnosis of nerve injuries etc


*Ministry of Munitions.  An Atlas of Gas Poisoning

                 London, H.M.S.O., 1918.

Reprinted for the American Red Cross


*Möhring, B. Zur Indikation und Technik der Unterkiefer-Resektionsprothese (Indications for and techniques of resection and reconstruction of the mandible)

Berlin, Hermann Meusser,1914


*Morin J.  Contribution à l’étude de la ration alimentaire du soldat Suisse

                Lausanne, Imprimeries Réunies, 1917

Published under the auspices of the University of Lausanne’s Institute of Hygiene and Parasitology, this thesis examines the rations provided to officers and men of the Second Division and compares them with those of the French, Italian, Austrian and German armies.  The conclusion is that the rations are inferior!


Mott FW.  War neurosis and shell shock

London, Henry Frowde/Hodder& Stoughton, 1919


Muntsch O.  Leitfaden der Pathologie und Therapie der Kampfstofferkrankungen (Handbook on the pathology and therapy of  wartime poison gas casualties)

Leipzig, 1936


Murard L, Zylberman P.  L'hygiène dans la République: la santé publique en France ou l'utopie contrariée : 1870-1918

Paris, Fayard 1996

Sanitary affairs in France from 1870 to 1918


*Myers CS.  Shell shock in France, 1914 1918 based on a war diary kept by Charles S. Myers

                London, Cambridge University Press, 1940


*National Health Insurance Medical Research Committee.  Bacteriological Studies in the Pathology and Preventive Control of Cerebro-spinal Fever among the Forces during 1915 and 1916.

                London, HMSO, 1917

A study of the features of, method of spread and investigation of meningococcal meningitis, which threatened an epidemic among recruits in 1915.  Detailed descriptions of preventative measures, and photographs of the mobile laboratory


*Nichols TB.  Organisation, Strategy and Tactics.  The Army Medical Services in War

                London, Baillière Tindall & Cox, 1937 (& 2nd Edition, 1941)

Reference work produced, as it happens, just in time for the Second World War but largely derived from medical experience in the First.


Oxford War Primers of Medicine and Surgery

A series of pocket sized books similar in purpose to the Military medical Manuals series, but all originally in English.  Published jointly by the Oxford University Press, Henry Frowde and Hodder & Stoughton


*Power d'A.  Wounds in war: Their treatment and results. 1915


*Bathe Rawling L.  Surgery of the Head. 1915

Designed as a text for surgeons at CCS and base hospitals.  The author writes “In all probability the present war will evidence a higher ratio of head cases as compared with the rest of the body”.


*Jones R.  Injuries of the joints (2nd ed. 1918)


Hey Groves EW.  Gunshot injuries of bones. 1915


*Stewart P, Evans AH.  Nerve injuries and their treatment. 1916


Keogh Murphy J.  Wounds of the thorax in war. 1915


*Morison R.  BIPP Treatment of War Wounds. 1918

Bipp was an antiseptic paste composed of iodoform, bismuth subnitrate and liquid paraffin, which was applied to open wounds and allowed to dry out before being peeled off, supposedly taking the infection with it.


Morison R, Richardson WG.  Abdominal injuries. 1915


Ramsay AM et al.  Injuries of the eyes, nose, throat and ears.1915


Harris W.  Nerve injuries and shock.1915


*Squire JE.  Medical Hints (Oxford War Primers series). 1915

Chapters on the management of infectious diseases, rheumatism, frostbite, body parasites and malingering among others.  Concludes with a section entitled “Discipline in Hospitals”


*Dupuy GM.  The Stretcher Bearer: A Companion to the R.A.M.C. Training Book

In landscape format, it differs from the others in the series.  138 photographs illustrate stretcher drill, which must have been largely unnecessary under trench conditions


Horder TJ. Cerebro-spinal fever


Page CM.  A Medical field service handbook

OWP series 1918


*Parreidt J.  Handbuch der Zahnersatzkunde: mit einschluss der Technik des kiefer-, gaumen- und nasenersatzes (Handbook of dental reconstruction and the techniques of jaw, palate and nasal prosthetics)

                Leipzig, Arthur Felix, 1919

                A substantial text on dental reconstructive work, with numerous illustrations of splints, prostheses and manufacturing equipment


*Penhallow DP.  Military surgery

                New York, Oxford University Press, 1918


*Pfaff HW, Schönbeck F.  Kursus der Zahnärztlichen Kriegschirurgie und Ontgentechnik (Course on war dental surgery and radiography)

Leipzig, Verlag von Dr Werner Klinkhardt, 1916


Porter, WT. Shock at the Front. 

                Boston, The Atlantic Monthly Press, 1918.

Research on the causes and cure of traumatic shock during World War I


Plowman CF, Dearden WF.  Fighting the fly peril

                London, Unwin, 1915


*Prakken H.  Beitrage zum Studium von Genese und praktischem Verschluss der Kieferhohle- mundhohle-verbindunen unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Kriegsverletzung (Contribution to the study of War injuries of the mouth and jaw and the development of closure techniques)

Joure (Netherlands), Vereenigde Jouster Drukkerijen, 1937

Hendrik Prakken’s dissertation for the University of Münster, illustrated with his own drawings and photographs


Prentiss AM.  Chemicals in War. A treatise on chemical warfare

                McGraw-Hill, 1937


*Privat, J.  La Mécanothérapie de Guerre. (Mechanotherapy of War)

                Paris, 1915


*RAMC Training Manual

                HMSO, 1911

The standard reference work for the RAMC, including drills and exercise, first aid, nursing and cooking advice.


Ranke K.E.  Richtlinien der Tuberkulosebekaempfung nach den Krieg für Beamtete Ärzte  (Guidelines for doctors in charge for fighting against tuberculosis after the War)

Wuerbur / Leipzig, Kabitzsch, 1919


Read C.S.  Military psychiatry in peace and war

                London, Lewis, 1920.


*Roberts J.  War surgery of the face. A treatise on plastic restoration after facial surgery.

New York, William Wood & Co, 1919,


Roth PB.  Notes on military orthopaedics

                London, Henry Kimpton, 1916


Salmon TW.  The care and treatment of mental diseases and war neuroses : ("shell shock") in the British Army

Washington, 1917


Sauerbruchs F.  Die Willkruerlich Bewaegbare Kuenstliche Hand. Eine Anleitung für Chirurgen und Techniker. (The artificial moving hand. Advice to surgeons and technicians) 

Berlin, Springer, 1916

Sauerbruch's hand was the first really satisfactory arm and hand prosthesis.


*van Schelven T. Oorlogsneurologie. Ervaringen over verwondingen van het zenuwgestel en over neurosen (War neurology. Experiments on injuries on nerves and on neuroses)

Amsterdam, Scheltema en Holkema, c.1916


von Schjerning O (ed.).  Handbuch der Ärtzlichen Erfahrungen im Weltkriege 1914/18 (Handbook of medical experience of the World War)

Leipzig, JA Barth

The definitive work, in 9 parts, from German WW1 experience, published in Leipzig, as follows:


~*Vols I & II.  Payr E, Franz C (eds).  Chirurgie, 1922

A huge work of over 1700 pages.  Pp498-598 cover injuries to face and jaw, contributed by Klapp and Römer.  A stereoscopic radiograph is included


Vol III.   Krehl L (ed).  Innere Medizin (Internal medicine),1921


Vol IV.  Bonhoeffer K (ed).  Geistes- und Nerven-Krankheiten (Psychology & Neurology), 1921


*Vol V.  Axenfeld T (ed).  Augenheilkunde, 1922

This manual covered new results of War ophthalmology.


Vol VI.  Vos O,  Killian G (eds).  Gehörorgan obere Luft- und Speisewege (Ears and upper respiratory and digestive tracts),1921


Vol. VII.  Hoffmann W (ed).  Hygiene, 1922


Vol VIII.  Aschoff L (ed).  Pathologie Anatomie, 1921


*Vol IX.  Grashey R (ed).  Roentgenologie, 1922


*Schloessmann H.  Der Nervenschussschmerz  (Nerve pain due to bullet wounds)

Berlin, Springer, 1917


*Shephard B.  A War of Nerves.  Soldiers and Psychiatrists 1914-1994

                London, Jonathan Cape, 2000

                A comprehensive survey of war neurosis from shellshock to post-traumatic stress disorder. WW1 is covered in detail; an excellent introduction, as it is not too technical


Shera AG.  Vaccines and sera: their clinical value in Military and Civilian practice

OWP series, 1918


*Shipley AE.  The minor Horrors of War

                London, Smith Elder a & Co, 1916

Reference work on lice, fleas, flies, leeches etc— not, in the trenches, very “minor” at all.


*Shipley AE.  More Minor Horrors

                London, Smith Elder, 1916

Cockroaches, mosquitoes, rats, mice etc.  Some amusing quotations


*Silberstein Adolf (ed).  Ergebnisse der Kriegsinvalidenfürsorge im KGL Orthopaed. Reserve-Lazarett Nuernberg (Results of the care of war invalids in the Royal Orthopaedic Reserve military hospital, Nürnberg).

Nürnberg / Würzburg / Kubitzsh, 1916


Slade GH.  Two sticks.

                London, Mills & Boon, 1923


Smith GE, Pear TH.  Shell shock and its lessons

                London, Longmans, 1917


Spire C,. Lombardy  P.  Précis d'organisation et de fonctionnement du service de santé en temps de guerre.  Principes de tactique sanitaire.

                Paris, Lavauzelle, 1925


*Southard EE.  Shell shock and other neuropsychiatric problems presented in five hundred and eighty nine case histories from the war literature, 1914 1918

                Boston, Leonard, 1919

Nearly 1000 pages, with an extensive bibliography


*Staige Davis J. Plastic Surgery: its Principles And Practice
Philadelphia,  P. Blakiston Son & Co., 1919

                The first of the major plastic surgery texts generated from experience of WW1


*Strong RP et al.  Trench fever.

                London, Oxford Medical Publications (Henry Frowde/Hodder & Stoughton  1918)

A detailed research treatise describing experiments performed on volunteers which proved that trench fever was transmitted by lice


*Strong RP.  Typhus fever, with particular reference to the Serbian epidemics

                Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 1920


Surgeon General’s Office (USA).  Principles of War Surgery, based on conclusions adopted at the various interallied surgical conferences

                Washington, 1918


*Surgeon General's Office. Abstracts Of  War Surgery: An abstract of the war literature of general surgery that has been published since the declaration of war in 1914

St. Louis, C.V. Mosby Co., 1918

                General topics include "Wound Infection and Treatment", "Tetanus", "Gas Gangrene", Abdomen",  “Chest", "Cardiovascular Surgery", "Joints", "Fractures", "Burns", "Anesthesia in Warfare", "Trench-

Foot", "Foreign Bodies", "Peripheral Nerve Injuries" and "Jaws and Face".  The articles have been abstracted from a number of medical journals of all nationalities


Sutton S.  The fitting out and administration of a Naval Hospital Ship

Bristol John Wright, 1918


Taylor, CRS.  The psychology of the Great War

                London, Secker, 1915


Thourén G. Tandläkarnes sanitetsverksamhet under krig. (The work of the dentist and his measures for hygiene in war)

                Stockholm, 1915


Tinel J.  Les blessures des nerfs

                Paris, Masson & Cie, 1916.

Gunshot wounds of peripheral nerves were a common feature of World War I, as indeed of all wars.  The effects of such wounds were studied most closely by Tinel.


Topley WWC.  A report on the probable proportion of enteric infections among the undiagnosed febrile cases invalided from the Western Front since October 1916

                London, Medical Research Committee, 1920


Underhill FP. Lethal War Gases. Physiology and Experimental Treatment;

New Haven, Yale University Press 1920


*Vaughan E.  La Réeducation professionelle des Soldats Aveugles

                Paris, Imprimerie Levé, 1915

                French handbook on the rehabilitation of the blinded soldier


*Vedder EH.  The medical aspects of chemical warfare

                London, Bailliere, 1925


Waldmann A, Hoffmann W.  Lehrbuch der Militärhygiene

Berlin, Springer, 1936

Large monograph on military hygiene on based on experience in WW1


*Wallace CS.  War surgery of the abdomen

                London, Churchill; New York, Blakiston, 1918

A comprehensive review of what might be expected at operation, with many statistics.  The most horrifying of these is the overall mortality of more than 50% of casualties reaching an operating hospital


*Wallace CS, Fraser J.  Surgery at a casualty clearing station

                London, A&C Black, 1918


*Warthin AS, Weller CV.  The Medical Aspects of Mustard Gas Poisoning

                London, Kimpton, 1919.


*Warwick James W, Fickling BW.  Injuries of the jaws and face

                London, John Bale and Staples Ltd, 1940

Published after the start of the Second World War, this textbook is based on the authors’ experience at the 3rd London General Hospital in WW1.  Curiously it makes no reference at all to the facial work done at Sidcup; and even then, only 20 years or so after the end of the First War, most of the casenotes from the hospital had disappeared


*Weil GP.  Le Role du Pharmacien dans la guerre des Gaz

                Brussels, Jeune Pharmacie, 1934

                A short summary of the pharmacology of gas warfare, including sections on production, actions, detection, neutralisation, protection and treatment


* Whitehead I.  Doctors in the Great War

London, Leo Cooper, 1999

                A study of the development of medical services before and during the war


Wicherink JW.  Na den Orloog. Beschouwingen wenschen, wenken op hygienisch gebied (After the War. Reflections on hygienic measurements to be taken in wartime)

Haarlem, Bohn Luc, 1918


*Wilbrand H, Sänger A. Die Verletzungen der Sehbahnen des Gehirns mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der Kriegsverletzungen. (Injuries of the central nervous system in war, with particular reference to the part related to vision)

                Wiesbaden, Bergmann, 1918.


Williger F. (et al.)  Die Zahnärtzliche Hilfe im Felde  (Dental care on the battlefield)

Berlin, 1914


Willoughby WG, Cassidy L.  Anti-malaria work in Macedonia among British Troops

London, HK Lewis, 1918


*Wilmer WH.  Aviation medicine in the A.E.F.

                Washington DC, Dept. of Army, 1920

A detailed review of many aspects of aviation including physiology and psychiatry


*Winternitz, M. C. Collected Studies on the Pathology of War Gas Poisoning, from the Dept. of Pathology & Bacteriology, Chemical Warfare Service.

                New Haven, Yale University Press, 1920.


Wood RC.  The Soldiers’ First Aid.  A simple treatise on how to treat a wounded comrade.

New York & London, Macmillan, 1918



Wright AE.  Wound Infections and Some New Methods for the Study of the Various Factors which come into Consideration in their Treatment

                London, University of London Press, 1915.

*Almroth Wright was perhaps the bacteriologist par excellence of the Great War era


*Yealland L.R.  Hysterical Disorders of Warfare. 

                Macmillan and Co Ltd, London, 1918

Yealland  worked in London at the National Hospital, Queen Square, and was the archetype exponent of the ruthless, “pull yourself together” style of shellshock management




6.  General books


*Anon.  Orpington from Saxon Times to the Great War

                Orpington, Workers’ Educational Association, n.d. (1919)

                A village history, of interest because it records in some detail the work of the Ontario Military Hospital (including the Facial Unit under Major Le Sueur), the local VAD Hospital, the RASC and No 8 Kent Field Ambulance.  A copy of the book was presented to the relatives of all the Overseas soldiers buried in Orpington Churchyard


+Barker R.  The Royal Flying Corps in France: from Mons to the Somme

                London, Constable, 1994


+Barker R.  The Royal Flying Corps in France: from Bloody April 1917 to Final Victory

                London, Constable, 1995


*Bourke J.  Dismembering the Male.  Men's Bodies, Britain and the Great War

                London, Reaktion Books, 1996

An interesting study of the body, with sections on mutilation and malingering (which includes a discussion of the problems of shell-shock), though with only passing reference to facial mutilation


*Brown M.  The Imperial War Museum Book of the Western Front

                London, Sidgwick & Jackson, 1993


*Brown M.  The Imperial War Museum Book of the Somme

                London, Sidgwick & Jackson 1996


+Bryant A.  Jackets of Green.

                London, Collins & Co., 1972

History of the King’s Royal Rifle Corps, colloquially known as the Greenjackets


*Clark A.  The Donkeys

                London, Hutchinson 1961 (Pimlico ed 1991)

The classic “revisionist” history which decried the generals as donkeys who led lions, based on the disaster of Neuve Chapelle in 1915


*Cave N.  Battleground Europe: Somme; Beaumont Hamel

                London, Leo Cooper, 1994

One of a series of battlefield guides detailing events on the ground in a small part of the field, with details of how to visit the site and what to see today.  Using these, and Chris McCarthy’s “Day by Day” accounts of the Somme and Passchendaele (q.v.) it has often been possible to determine the place of injury of many of the Queen's Hospital patients


*Cave N.  Battleground Europe: Ypres.  Sanctuary Wood and Hooge

                London, Leo Cooper 1993 (revised 1995)


*Cave N.  Battleground Europe: Arras.  Vimy Ridge

                London, Leo Cooper 1996


*Cecil H, Liddle P.  Facing Armageddon.  The First World War Experienced

                London, Pen & Sword Books, 1996

Papers from an international conference held in Leeds in 1994, with a section on medical aspects of the war, compiled into a huge book.


*Collier R.  The Plague of the Spanish Lady.  The Influenza Pandemic of 1918-1919.

                London, Macmillan, 1974

Written in rather vivid journalistic style, but capturing the scale and enormity of a modern plague which accounted for the death of over 20 million people worldwide


*Cooper B.  The Ironclads of Cambrai.

                Souvenir Press, 1967 (Pan Books ed.1970)


*Farrar-Hockley AH.  The Somme

                London, Batsford Ltd, 1964; Pan Books ed.1966


*Fussell P.  The Great War and Modern Memory

                Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1975

An interesting book which appears to have fallen into disfavour (see Stephen M, “The Price of Pity” for an exposition on this theme)


Gerber DA (ed).  Disabled veterans in history

                Ann Arbor, University of Michigan Press, 2000

                An historical review, comprising a series of essays ranging from 16th century England to Vietnam.  Two essays cover WW1; Resnick writes about orthopaedic services developed at Shepherd’s Bush hospital (now the Hammersmith) and Cohen about British and German veterans and work


*Gilbert M.  First World War

                London, Weidenfeld & Nicholson 1994; Penguin ed 1995


*Gliddon G.  Legacy of the Somme 1916.  The battle in film, fact and fiction

                Stroud, Sutton Publishing Ltd 1996

A comprehensive bibliography of publications which refer to the Somme, including many regimental histories as well as general books.


*Graves D.  A Crown of Life: The World of John McCrae

                Staplehurst, Spellmount Ltd, 1997

Biography of John McCrae, soldier, doctor and poet (q.v.)


*Griffith P (ed).  British Fighting Methods in the Great War

                London & Portland, Frank Cass, 1996

A series of essays on various tactical aspects of the war, including an essay by Geoffrey Noon on the treatment of casualties


Hargrave J.  The Suvla Bay Landing

                London, Macdonald, 1964

The author served with the 32nd Field Ambulance, Xth (Irish) Division.  The book is part personal memoir, part campaign history


*Harris J.  The Somme: Death of a Generation

                London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1966


*Holden W.  Shell Shock.  The Psychological Impact of war.

                London, Channel 4 Books, 1998

The first three chapters cover the Great War and its aftermath


*Holding N.  World War I Army Ancestry

                Birmingham, Federation of Family History Societies, 1982, 2nd Ed 1991


*Holding N.  More sources of World War I Army Ancestry

                Birmingham, Federation of Family History Societies, 1986, 2nd Ed 1991

These two publications by Norman Holding provide an essential guide to tracking down information about men serving in the British army in the Great War. The author’s father served in the ASC and RAMC, and Holding compiled his books while tracing his details.


* Holding N.  Location of Army Records of the First World War


*Horne A.  The Price of Glory.  Verdun 1916

                London, Macmillan, 1962 (Penguin ed 1994)

The definitive English language account of the horror of Verdun, which the Somme offensive was designed to relieve.


*Horsfall J, Cave N.  Battleground Europe: Somme. Serre.

                London, Leo Cooper 1996


*Keegan J.  The Face of Battle

                London, Jonathan Cape, 1976 (Penguin ed 1978)

Detailed analysis of Agincourt (1415), Waterloo (1815) and the Somme


*Keegan J.  Battle at Sea.  From Man of War to Submarine

                London, Pimlico, 1993

Including an account of the battle of Jutland


*Knightley P.  The First Casualty.  From the Crimea to the Falklands: The War Correspondent as Hero, Propagandist and Myth Maker

                London, André Deutsch, 1975 (Pan Books Ed. 1989)


+Liddle PH.  The Airman’s War 1914-18

                Poole, Blandford Press, 1987

A photograph of Lieut Bath, a Canadian pilot, having a shave is included.  Bath later crashed and was treated for his facial fractures at the Queen’s Hospital


*Liddle PH.  The Worst Ordeal.  Britons at Home and Abroad 1914-1918

                London, Leo Cooper, 1994

A compilation of photographs and personal memories illustrating many aspects of war, with a number of references to physical and psychological injury.  Bell, a Sidcup patient, is illustrated


*Liddle P. (Ed).  Passchendaele in Perspective.  The Third Battle of Ypres

                London, Leo Cooper, 1997

A detailed compilation of articles including an evaluation by Ian Whitehead of casualties and the British Medical Services


*Macdonald L.  The Roses of No Man's Land. 

                London, Michael Joseph, 1980

The definitive book on nursing experience, told by many personally interviewed nurses, of nursing experiences of the Great War.  It includes a section on the sculpting of “Tin Faces” to cover facial defects.


*Macdonald L.  Somme.

                London, Michael Joseph, 1983


*Macdonald L.  They called it Passchendaele

                London, Michael Joseph, 1978 (Penguin ed 1993)


*Macdonald L.  1914-1918.  Voices and Images of the Great War

                London, Michael Joseph, 1988; Penguin Ed 1991


*Masefield J.  The Battle of the Somme. 

                London, William Heinemann, 1919: Reprinted Cedric Chivers 1968


*McCarthy C.  The Somme.  The Day by Day Account. 

                London, Arms and Armour Press, 1993


*McCarthy C.  The Third Ypres: Passchendaele.  The Day-by-Day Account

                London, Arms and Armour Press, 1995

Two books detailing actions on each day of the Somme and Third Ypres campaigns.  Fully illustrated with many battlefield maps.


*Mawson TH.  An Imperial Obligation.  Industrial Villages for Partially Disabled Soldiers and Sailors.

London, Grant Richards Ltd, 1917

A curious publication setting out plans for the development of special facilities for disabled servicemen— a project which was never realised.


*McKee A.  Vimy Ridge

                London, Souvenir Press 1966


*Middlebrook M.  The First Day on the Somme. 

                London, Allen Lane, 1981


*Pugsley C.  On the Fringe of Hell.  New Zealanders and military discipline in the First World War. 

                Auckland, Hodder & Stoughton, 1991

An interesting study of soldiers’ behaviour, with an account of the Antipodean attitude to capital punishment which is important reading.


*Prior R, Wilson T.  Passchendaele: The Untold Story

                New Haven & London, Yale University Press, 1996

A “Haig was wrong” history, but detailed and largely objective in approach, and very comprehensive.  Well written.


*Stedman M.  Battleground Europe: Somme.  Thiepval.

                London, Leo Cooper 1995


*Stephen M.  The Price of Pity

                London, Leo Cooper, 1996

A finely written book dealing robustly with many war myths, and with an interesting analysis of war poetry and the men who wrote it


*Taylor FAJ. The bottom of the barrel.

London-New York, Regency Press, 1978

‘Tanky’ Taylor’s memoirs, containing a powerful description of a German soldier with a facial injury.


*Terraine J.  To Win a War.  1918, The Year of Victory

                London, Sidgwick & Jackson, 1978 (Papermac ed 1986)

The archetype “Haig was right” book detailing the failings (on both sides) of the German advance of March, and the allied successes from July and August which led to Victory.  The American contribution is put into context, Terraine noting that most of their armaments were British or French, and that it was the numbers and tenacity of the fighting men that helped turn the tide


*Terraine J.  The Smoke and the Fire.  Myths and anti-myths of War 1861-1945

                London, Sidgwick & Jackson, 1980


*Terraine J.  White Heat.  The New Warfare 1914-1918

                London, Guild Publishing, 1982

A careful analysis of the new war technology, in particular the machine gun and heavy artillery.


*Vansittart P.  John Masefield’s Letters from the Front 1915-17

                New York, Franklin Watts, 1985

Includes Masefield’s account of his visit to Neuilly, with a description of facial injury


*Warner P.  World War One.  A chronological Narrative.

                London, Arms and Armour Press, 1995


*Watrin J.  The British Military Cemeteries in the Region of Boulogne-sur-Mer.

                Lewes, The Book Guild, 1987

A brief guide to the cemeteries, most of which, in this area, were near to the coastal base hospitals.  A number of doctors and nurses who died lie here; John McCrae (q.v.), author of “In Flanders Fields”, is interred at Wimereux.  Includes a description of the work of the St John’s Hospital established at Etaples in 1915.


*Winter J, Baggett B.  1914-18: The Great War and the Shaping of the 20th Century

                London, BBC Books, 1996

Based on the BBC television series which was screened first in 1996-7.  A section on facial disfigurement in the French army, quoting the experience of Henriette Rémi (q.v.)


*Winter D.  Death’s Men. Soldiers of the Great War

                London, Allen Lane 1978; Penguin Books 1979

Contains a chapter on wounds and injury


*Wolff L.  In Flanders Fields

                London, Longman Green & Co, 1958

The classic account of the Western Front battles of 1917


+Young A.  The Harmony of Illusions.  Inventing post-traumatic stress disorder

                Princeton, Princeton University Press, 1996

Analysis of the development of the modern concept of PTSD, with a substantial section on the Great War and the contributions of Rivers and Yealland among others.



7.   Journals of hospitals and other units; part works


A large number of medical and ambulance units printed journals or magazines and there is a large collection of these in the British Library (from the bibliography of which (q.v.) many of these references are derived).


2/1st West Lancashire Field Ambulance

Motley.  Liverpool, 1918 etc.


*Beaver P (Ed)  The Wipers Times.  A complete facsimile... 

                London, Peter Davies Ltd, 1973


Behind the Lines;  The unofficial magazine of No. 10 Stationary Hospital. 

Somewhere in France. 1916-


*“Carry On”.  A Magazine on the Reconstruction of Disabled Soldiers and Sailors

                New York, American Red Cross (published for the Surgeon-General) 1918-

                With a distinguished Editorial Board, this illustrated journal describes the scope of post-war rehabilitation of disabled soldiers and includes information on occupational therapy, physiotherapy and proposals for employment; the archive possesses 3 issues


Clearings; Canadian Contingent, B.E.F.  No. 4 Casualty Clearing Station



Gazette; First Eastern General Hospital, Cambridge

Cambridge, 1915-


Huddersfield War Hospital Magazine.

Huddersfield, 1916-


*Journal of the 3rd London General Hospital, Wandsworth

See the entries for Muir W.  Our incomplete run is full of hospital anecdotes, cartoons and other material to lift the spirits.  The famous cartoonist H.M.Bateman drew a few.  “The Doings of Donovan” (q.v.) first appeared here


Peeko Journal.  The Organ of ‘P’ Company, RAMC

One issue of this journal, from a unit based at Longleat House in Wiltshire, has been catalogued


Record; The Chain Tuffieha, Malta,.

Malta, 1916.


*”Stand Easy” (Chronicles of Cliveden)

We possess one bound volume of this journal of the Canadian Hospital, Taplow, Berks, covering May-November 1918 (it commences at issue 23).  That the hospital inmates were encouraged to visit Taplow village (which lies adjacent to the great house of Cliveden, previously owned by the Astor family) is evident from the large number of local advertisements.  The hospital later evolved into the Canadian Red Cross Hospital, famous as the birthplace of paediatric rheumatology under Dr Barbara Ansell.


The Bath Bun : the book of the Bath War Hospital.

Bath, 1918


The Bearer Post.



The Harefield Park Boomerang;  Australian  Contingent,  B.E.F. First Auxiliary  Hospital,  Harefield.

Harefield, 1916-


The Iodex; Shoreham, Kent, V.A.D. Hospital.

Shoreham, 1918


The Iodine Chronicle; No. 2 Field Ambulance, 1st Division



The Jackass; the First Australian General Hospital monthly.



The Kit-Bag;  2nd Southern General Hospital.

Bristol, 1916-17


The Korero “Aotea.”;  New Zealand Contingent, B.E.F. Aotea Convalescent Home, Heliopolis, Cairo.

Cairo, 1918


*The Lead Swinger.  The Bivouac Journal of the 1/3 W.Riding Field Ambulance

                September 1915 to March 1919

                Sheffield,  J.W.Northend Ltd, Printers, 1921


The Poultice; 1/2nd West Riding Field Ambulance.

In the Field, 1916-


The R.A.M.C. Depot Magazine; Royal Army Medical Corps.

Aldershot, 1916-


The R.A.M.C. Magazine.

Blackpool, 1918-


The Return: the journal of the Lancashire Military Convalescent Hospital, Blackpool. 

Blackpool, 1916-19


The Rifle Splint. A weekly return of the 3rd Sub-Division Training Centre.

Exmouth, 1915-


The Scullery Mail; New Zealand Military Hospital, Walton-on-Thames.

Walton-on-Thames, 1916-


The Searchlight;  2nd Western General Hospital, Manchester.

Manchester, 1916, etc.


The Splint Record; No. 2 Field Ambulance, 1st Division.



The Summerdown Camp Journal

Eastbourne, 1915-19


The Stretcher Bearer; London Field Ambulances. 

South Harrow, 1915


The Tabloid; Motor Ambulance Convoy No. 2.   . 



The Welsh RAMC Gazette vol 1.  Nos 1-3.  May-July 1915.

Cambridge, 1915


The Wit.  The organ of the R.A.M.C. Training Centre, Ripon. 

Ripon, 1915-16.


Wails of the Wounded; or convalescent carollings; Royal Free Military Hospital, London, 1916


The Great War (ed H.W.Wilson)

                London, Amalgamated Press

A weekly history, profusely illustrated.  Issue 132* contains an article entitled “How the Wounded were Brought Home”


*The “Manchester Guardian” History of the Great War

                Manchester, 1914-1919

A bimonthly series, lavishly illustrated, with photographs of very superior quality to those of the Amalgamated Press part-work.  The Gillies Archive contains the issues from August 1914 to May 1916, many of which contain illustrations of wounded men & hospitals



8.  Poetry and artistic representations of injury


*“A Friend”.  Bairnsfather.  A few Fragments from His Life. 

                Hodder & Stoughton for “The Bystander”, no date

Brief biography of the trenches’ most famous cartoonist


*Anon.  Mr Punch’s History of the Great War

                London, Cassell, 1919

A diary style account of monthly contributions with cartoons


*Anon.  The Queen’s Gift Book.  In aid of Queen Mary’s convalescent auxiliary hospitals for soldiers and sailors who have lost their limbs in the War

                London, Hodder & Stoughton, n.d.

                Foreword by John Galsworthy; contributions include stories by J.M.Barrie, John Buchan, Joseph Conrad, Conan Doyle and Jerome K. Jerome. Contains a number of tipped-in colour illustrations of a sentimental or patriotic nature


*Bairnsfather B.  Bullets and Billets

                London, Grant Richards, 1916


*Bairnsfather B.  Fragments from France

                London, for “The Bystander”

A series of seven (possibly eight) soft cover compilations of Bairnsfather cartoons, including a few depicting injury


*Clapham M (Ed).  The Wordsworth Book of First World War Poetry

                Ware, Wordsworth Editions Ltd


*Cork R.  A Bitter Truth.  Avant-Garde Art and the Great War

                New Haven & London, Yale University Press, 1994

A remarkable and comprehensive book produced to accompany a major exhibition held at the Barbican Art Gallery, London, in 1994.  It includes many images of injury by Beckmann, Dix, Chagall, Grosz and Tonks


*Dowd JH (illus).  The Doings of Donovan

                London, Country Life, n.d.

The collected cartoons (first published in the hospital’s journal) chronicling the treatment and convalescence at the 3rd London General Hospital, Wandsworth of the fictional Donovan, an amusing and often mischievous Irishman with an eye for the ladies.  A well observed account of hospital life.


*Eberle M.  World War I and the Weimar Artists

                New Haven & London, Yale University Press, 1985

                A discussion of the wartime work of Dix, Grosz, Beckmann and Schlemmer


*Friedrich E.  War against War!

                Frankfurt, Zweitausendeins, 1924 (US edition Seattle, The Real Comet Press, 1987)

An extraordinary anti-war polemic illustrated with gruesome photographs of dead soldiers and executed civilians, with a section, cynically captioned, on facial injury with 25 mutilated faces


*Friedrich E.  Nie Wieder Krieg! No more War!  Plus jamais de Guerre!  Nunca jamas Guerra!  Nooit meer Oorlog!  Aldrig mere Krig!

                Amsterdam, International Federation of Trade Unions, 1929

A slim softback in six languages (German, English, French, Spanish, Dutch and Danish) comprising a selection of Friedrich’s photographs of the horrors of war, with an appeal by Friedrich for more material for his anti-war Museum


*Gardner B (Ed).  Up the Line to Death.  The War Poets 1914-1918

                London, Methuen & Co, 1964 (revised 1986)

Includes Owen’s “The First Field Dressing” from “Parenthesis”


*Goodchild G (ed).  The Blinded soldiers and sailors gift book

                London, Jarrold, n.d.; New York, Putnam, 1916

Sold to support the work of St Dunstan’s, this book is an illustrated anthology of prose and poetry with extracts from John Galsworthy, H.G.Wells, G.K Chesterton, and illustrations by Heath Robinson and Sir Frank Brangwyn, among others.  The Foreword states “It is merely intended as a Gift Book which... aims at helping those brave fellows who have suffered one of the worst misfortunes that can befall a human being... permanent blindness”


*Gordon H, Tindall MC (illus Joyce Dennys).  Our Hospital ABC

                London, John Lane & The Bodley Head, n.d.

A nursery rhyme book, with each letter illustrating some aspect of hospital life by a verse and a cartoon.  ‘“W” the Woodbines we smoke by the score, Like Oliver Twist we are asking for more’ gives a flavour; and the happy patient in his hospital uniform is seen puffing cheerfully.


A sister volume, “Our Girls in Wartime”*, contains an amusing verse about Nesta, a V.A.D.  The archives now possess an original Joyce Dennys drawing


*Hone J.  The Life of Henry Tonks

                London, Wm Heinemann, 1939

Chapter V details Tonk’s war experience.  His 72 pastels of faces executed at Aldershot and Sidcup are in the collection of the Royal College of Surgeons, London and many of his operative diagrams are in the notes in the Gillies Archive at Sidcup


*Howcroft J.  Songs of a Broken Airman

                London, Hodder & Stoughton, n.d.

Injured in an aeroplane crash in 1916, Howcroft wrote this short and rather sad anthology while recovering from his injuries


*Lindsay D.  Daryl Lindsay’s “Digger” Book (intro by CEW Bean)

                Melbourne, Sun Art Studios, 1919

Originally issued in soft card covers with a string tie, with 14 illustrations, it was reissued as a limited edition of 450 copies and 30 artist’s proofs.  The drawings were made during 1916 before his work at Sidcup and before his appointment as an Official War Artist.  Apart from his Sidcup work, there are five pen and wash works in the collection of the Wellcome Foundation and his photograph album, in the RACS in Melbourne, includes a number of pictures of the Western Front as well as images of Sidcup. We possess a line drawing of a “Digger”, which is reproduced (without cigarette) in Lindsay’s books, written with his wife, on the history of the Red Cross. See also entry for Prunster V


+Kennett, Lady Kathleen.  Self-Portrait of an Artist. 

                London, John Murray

Kathleen Scott was the widow of the polar explorer Captain Robert Scott, who perished in his attempt to reach the South Pole.  A noted sculptress, she was induced by Tonks to work at Sidcup.  She later married Lord Kennet.  Much of the book is in diary form and catalogues a remarkable collection of friends in high places.


*McCrae J.  In Flanders Fields and Other Poems.

                London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1923

John McCrae was a Canadian doctor who died of infection while on active service and is buried in the cemetery at Wimereux, north of Boulogne.  His brother Thomas was a surgeon during the war at the Ontario Military Hospital, Orpington, Kent, four miles or so from Sidcup. The book contains a facsimile of McCrae’s handwritten draft of “In Flanders Field” which is noted to be inaccurate.  A Canadian commemorative stamp was produced depicting this famous poem.


Mudie-Cooke O.  With the V.A.D. Convoys in France, Flanders, Italy

                Cambridge, c.1920

A set of 26 folio lithographs


*Orpen W.  An Onlooker in France

                London, Williams & Norgate, 1921

This is the standard book of war artists’ experience; but in fact, although Sir William Orpen produced some memorable and powerful work, this autobiographical account is largely of Orpen’s jaunts behind the lines with many senior officers, and his war appears to have been quite genteel


*Owen W.  The Pity of War

                London, Orion Books ed 1996

An abridged paperback “pocket” edition including “Mental Cases”, “S.I.W.” (Self-inflicted wound), “A Terre” (blindness and depression) and “Hospital Barge at Cérisy”


*Nevinson CRW.  Modern War (intro by PG Konody)

                London Grant Richards Ltd, 1917

25 plates, one in colour, of Nevinson’s well-known geometric paintings.  There are four medical subjects: “The Ambulance Driver”, “The Doctor”, “In the Observation Ward” (a portrait of a shellshock victim) and “La Patrie”, the famous painting of wounded men on stretchers in the train shed at Dunkirk


*Phillips CJ (ed.).  Kentish Homes: visited by the staff and nurses of the Ontario Military Hospital Orpington, Kent, in 1916

                London, privately printed, 1917

                Not a war or medical book at all, but an account of a tour around some of Kent’s great houses.  Tours were organised by the author, a resident of Sevenoaks, for medical and nursing staff of the hospital, and the book produced to serve as a permanent reminder.  Our copy came from Quebec


*Prunster V.  The Legendary Lindsays

                Sydney, Art Gallery of New South Wales, 1995

A lavishly illustrated book produced to accompany an exhibition mounted by the gallery, about Australia’s most renowned artistic family of the early 20th Century.  While Norman’s work was widely considered pornographic at the time, his younger brother Daryl (1889-1976 - q.v.) was a jackeroo at the onset of war, and his artistic talents were only then to be recognised, when he enlisted and became batman to his brother-in-law, Will Dyson. Working at the Queen’s Hospital, Sidcup, he was befriended by Henry Tonks who introduced him to many of the leading artists of the day.  In later life Daryl became a noted art administrator and for many years was Curator of the National Gallery of Victoria.


*Reilly C. (Ed).  Stars Upon My Heart.  Women’s Poetry and Verse of the First World War

                London, Virago, 1981

Contains Margaret Postgate Cole’s poem “The Veteran”


*Rothenstein J.  British Artists and the War

                London, Peter Davies, 1931

A review of many of the well-known names of British war art including Clausen, Muirhead Bone, Augustus John, Kennington, Lavery, Nash and Spencer


*Sellars S.  Art and Survival in First World War Britain

                New York, St Martin’s Press, 1987

A sociological study of newspaper, art and film


*Service RW.  Rhymes of a Red Cross Man.

                New York, Barse and Hopkins, 1916

Includes “Fleurette”, a tender poem about facial disfigurement


*Stephen M. (Ed).  Poems of the First World War: ‘Never such Innocence’

                London, Buchan & Enright, 1991 (J.M.Dent ed 1994)

Contains three of Wilfred Owen’s poems on injury: “Stretcher Case”, “Disabled” and “Conscious”.  Probably the most well-known anthology


*Taylor FAJ.  Tanky’s War, or a Private’s Eye View.  A Collection of Verses on the Great War

                Taunton, Taymark 1984

Contains an interesting verse describing the soldier’s attitude to facial injury; the genesis of this is described in his memoir of the War “The Bottom of the Barrel” (Regency Press, 1978)



*Treves, Sir F (ed).  Made in the Trenches.  Composed entirely from articles & sketches contributed by soldiers

                London, George Allen & Unwin, 1916

A contemporary anthology, the profits from which were donated to the “Star and Garter” Endowment Fund in aid of wounded servicemen.  The editor was perhaps the most famous surgeon of the day



*Viney N.  Images of Wartime: British art and artists of World War 1

                Newton Abbot, David & Charles, 1991

A good introductory text to war artists based on the collection of the Imperial War Museum, London



9.  Bibliographies, catalogues, theses etc


+British Museum.  Subject Index of the books relating to the European War, 1914-1918, acquired by the British Museum, 1914-1920

                Contains a short medical section including a number of continental and Russian books, although these are poorly referenced and usually without publishers’ details


*The Church Army.  Work made by some of Britain’s Crippled Heroes

                The Church Army, n.d

                A 34 page catalogue detailing items made by disabled ex-servicemen, ranging from metal objects such as trays and candlesticks to sticks and crutches, small pieces of furniture and toys


+Enser AGS.  A Subject Bibliography of the First World War. Books in English 1914-1978

                London, André Deutsch 1979.

Listed by subject (with some duplication) this is far from comprehensive, but a useful starting point.  Sections on medicine, nursing, ambulances, the Red Cross etc


Falls C. War Books: A Critical Guide

London, Peter Davies 1930


Index Medicus. War Supplement: A classified record of literature on military medicine and surgery, 1914-1917

                New York, Carnegie Institute, 1918


*Janes EA.  Historical Records of British Regiments in the Great War.

                2 Vols: Cavalry and Yeomanry Regiments; Infantry Regiments

                Revised Edition, 1976

Typescript listing of the whereabouts of all British Regiments between 1914 and 1918


*Lefevre P et al.  La Belgique et la premiere guerre mondiale. Bibliographie. Belgie en de eerste wereld oorlog. Bibliografie

Brussels, Musee Royal de l'Armée - Koningklijk Legermuseum (Centre d'Histoire militaire), 1987


*Morris L. (Ed).  Henry Tonks and the Art of Pure Drawing

                Norwich Library services, 1985

Catalogue of an exhibition of Tonks’s work held in Norwich.  Chapter 4 details Tonks’s experience as a war artist, including his work painting disfigured men at the Cambridge Military Hospital, Aldershot, and the Queen’s Hospital, Sidcup


+Poynter D.  W.Rivers and his contribution to the treatment and understanding of shellshock

                Ph.D Thesis, 1995, Nene College, Northampton

Contains an extremely comprehensive bibliography on war neurosis and shellshock


*Poynter FNL (ed).  Medicine and Surgery in the Great War 1914-1918

                London, Wellcome Institute of the History of Medicine, 1968

Catalogue of an exhibition to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the Armistice.  The exhibits included many examples of war art, pieces of equipment, and a large collection of books and journal articles.  A useful, even essential starting point for a student of medicine and the First World War


*Prothero GW.  A select analytical list of books concerning the Great War

London, Imperial War Museum, 1923 (reprinted Battery Press 1995)

An early war bibliography containing some medical references





*Barker P.  The Regeneration Trilogy

                BCA, 1997 (orig Viking Books 1991-1995)

Comprising three novels; Regeneration, The Eye in the Door and The Ghost Road, it is constructed around the real life encounter of Siegfried Sassoon and Dr WHR Rivers at Craiglockhart Hospital


*Dugain M.  La Chambre des officiers

Paris, JC Lattès, 1998 (*tr. Howard Curtis, Phoenix House, 2000)

A modern novel based on the experience of the author’s grandfather, wounded by a shellburst in 1914 and treated for his facial injury in the Val-de-Grâce Hospital, Paris.  A disturbing read, not least because of the relative lack of medical and nursing care (and sympathy) compared to British experience at Sidcup or Wandsworth


*Fairchild W.  The Poppy Factory

                London, Bloomsbury Publishing, 1987

Describes the myth of the “underground army” that existed, animal-like, in no mans land


*Faulks S.  Birdsong

                London, Hutchinson, 1993 (Vintage ed 1994)

A brilliant modern novel of the emotional intensity of war


Gailly G.  Sur le bord droit de la Crete Sacrée

Paris, Bossard, 1919

Novel about hospitalisation of a soldier injured when he was carrying his wounded officer.


*Gurner R.  Pass Guard at Ypres

                London, J.M. Dent, 1930

A gloomy, rather Gothic novel with some well-observed trench behaviour and a remarkable description of blindness inflicted by an artillery shell.


*Palmer F.  The Old Blood

                New York, A.L. Burt Company, 1916

Period novel centred on a young American caught up in the German advance of 1914, while visiting his two cousins in France.  After signing up in the British artillery he is wounded in the face, and suffers with shellshock.  The novel explores the effect of his disfigurement on his two cousins, both of whom are in love with him; the quiet beauty cannot cope, but the ugly extrovert sees him through, getting her man in the end (and having cosmetic surgery herself)


*Sassoon S.  Memoirs of an Infantry Officer 

                London, Faber and Faber, 1930


*Sassoon S.  Sherston's Progress. 

                Faber and Faber, London (Folio Society ed 1974)

The semi-autobiographical novel based on Sassoon’s experiences at Craiglockhart, the “shell-shock” hospital near Edinburgh where Wilfred Owen was also treated



11.  Russian material


The items below are listed in the British Museum catalogue of war literature; the listings are in Russian, as are the texts themselves


Anon.  Fighting contagious diseases in wartime.  Proceedings of a conference of bacteriologists and representatives of other medical organisations, December 28-30, 1914

Moscow, 1915


Anon.  Problems of cholera and typhoid vaccinations.  Journal of conference meetings and resolutions (under the auspices of the All-Russian Land Union for the Assistance of Sick and Wounded Soldiers, South-Western Front Committee); held in Kiev, 6-7 August 1915

Moscow, 1915


Anon.  Proceedings of the Aid Committee for those injured by X-irradiation

Kiev, 1915


All-Russian Land Union for the Assistance of Sick and Wounded Soldiers: Proceedings of the Main Committee

Moscow, 1916


Resolution of the meeting on the problems of medical organisation at the Front, January 25-27, 1916

Moscow, 1916


Bulletin of the South-Western Front Committee, 1916-17 (including a supplement on advanced detachments on the South-Western Front, 1916)

Kiev, 1916-17


12. Miscellaneous continental material



Taken from the British Museum catalogue, these works will be moved to the appropriate sections if more detailed information becomes available


French & Belgian


Anon. Service de Santé.  British Ambulances for French Wounded.

Brockley, 1917


Anon.  Uncensored Letters from the Dardanelles; written to his English wife by a French Medical Officer.  Transl. from the French, 1916,   (Soldiers' Tales of the Great War)


Anon.  " My Beloved Poilus."  Home letters from an American girl

St. John, N.B., 1917


Antelme J.  Avec l'Armee d'Orient: notes d'une infirmière à Moudros.



Bessieres A. Le Train Rouge. Deux ans en train sanitaire



Billot G.  Premier pansement et evacuation des blesses au combat. Campagne 1914-1916.

Lyon, 1916


Cavillon A.  L’Hôpital de Senlis pendant l'occupation allemande, Sept. 1914.

Senlis, 1915


Golombel E. Journal d'une Infirmière d'Arras



Hélys M.  Cantinière de la Croix-Rouge.



Martineau J. Journal d'une Infirmière.



La Mazière P.   L'H. G. F. L'hôpital chirurgical flottant.  Dardanelles, Moudros, Athenes,




Soulacroix T. Notes de Guerre et d'Ambulance



d’Ulmès R. Auprès des blessés



Vecchini D.  Blessure et belle humeur.



Germany and Austria


Anon. Aus dem Tagebuch einer Roten-Kreuz-Schwester

Leipzig, 1917


Dreiling B.   Lazarett- und  Friedhofsbilder aus Saint-Quentin

Freiburg im Breisgau, 1918


Hahn G. Totentanz 1914/15. Aus dem Skizzenbuch eines Feldarztes

Leipzig, 1915


Lennhoff R.  Mit dem Feldlazarett. Kriegserinnerungen eines Arztes (Aus den Tagen des grossen Krieges)



Rautch R.  Momentbilder aus feldärztlichel Tatigkeit

Crax, 1918





Nystrom G. Dar stridens sir lakas.  Skildringar fran Tyskland och vastra krigsskadeplatsen

Stockholm, 1915


Trolle A.  Bland sârade

Stockholm, 1916




Anon.  American Poets' Ambulances in Italy. A Report

N.Y., 1918


Perduca ML. Un anno d’ospedale, guigno 1915- novembre 1916

Milan, 1917


Romania & Russia


Aleksinskaya T.  Parmi les Blessés. Carnet de route d'une aide-doctoresse russe



Barber MH.  A British Nurse in Bolshevik Russia, April 1916-December, 1919

A. C. Fifield, 1920


Downer EB. The Highway of Death

Philadelphia, 1916


Serbian front


Ramette A.  Au secours de la Serbie



van Tienhoven A.  De Gruwelen van den oorlog in Servie : het dagboek van den oorlogschirurg A. van Tienhoven

Rotterdam, 1915



13.  Mitchell list of American material


Hospital histories (covering field, mobile, base and US base hospitals)



Anon.  Detachment Medical Department, Sixtieth Infantry, Fifth Division, United States Army, World War 1917-1918

                [np], c.1919

A limited history of the regimental medical unit responsible for front line medical assistance; very few works exist on this type of organization


*Tjomsland A.  Bellevue in France; Anecdotal History of Base Hospital No. 1

                New York, Froben Press, 1941

Arrived Vichy Mar 1918; some limited references and photos regarding a French Head and Face hospital nearby; in general an excellent base hospital history


Anon.  American Military Hospital No. 1, formerly American Hospital in Paris. Report covering the period September 1st, 1916 to December 31st, 1917

                New York, [np], c.1918


Schreiter JB.  History of Mobile Hospital No. 3, August 1, 1918 to April 12, 1919, Saint Mihiel Meuse Argonne

Le Mans, Blanchette, c.1919

Small publication with limited information about this medical unit organized in France


Barnett C.  The Mount Sinai Unit in the World War with Scenes at Base Hospital #3, A.E.F. at Vauclaire, Dordogne, France

                New York, Mount Sinai Hospital, 1919


Cushing HW.  The Story of Base Hospital No. 5, by a Member of the Unit

                Cambridge (US), University Press, 1919

                This unit was located at Camiers and Boulogne in general support of the BEF


Hatch JP.  Concerning Base Hospital No. 5 France 1917-18-19

                Boston, Barta Press, 1920

This volume also covers the history of Mobile Hospital No.6, formed from Base Hospital No. 5.


Anon.  The History of Evacuation Hospital Number Six, United States Army, 1917-19

                Poughkeepsie, [np], 1931

Served in several French rear area locations starting Apr 1918; author is probably JT Harrington.


Anon.  The Log Book of Evacuation Hospital Number Seven A.E.F., November 25, 1917– May 1, 1919

                [np], c.1919


Snyder LD (comp).  From Below the Rio Grande to the Banks of the Rhine with Field Hospital 7

                Anderbach, c.1919


Shipley AM, Considine AT.  The Officers and Nurses of Evacuation Eight.

                New Haven, Yale University Press, 1929

Companion roster volume to Stretchers by Pottle; contains some additional unit history information


“Padre”.  Base Hospital No. 9, A.E.F., A History of the Work of the New York Hospital Unit during Two Years of Active Service

                New York, 1920

The Padre is RS Brown; this unit was designated the orthopaedic center for the AEF and was stationed at Chateauroux starting Aug 1917.


Weber EF (comp). World War History and Memories of Base Hospital 14

                Chicago, 1929


Bachman WJ.  Souvenir Roster and History of Evacuation Hospital No.15 with the Story of Verdun and Argonne Drives

                [np], 1919

                Arrived France September 1918 and was heavily engaged in supporting US offensives at the end of the war.


Anon.  Field Hospital Co. 16, Second Division Regulars, U.S. Army

                Germany, c.1919


Anon.  History and Roster of the United States Army General Hospital No. 16, New Haven, Connecticut

                New Haven, Yale University Press, 1919

                Located at New Haven, specialized in Tuberculosis cases.


Anon.  History of Base Hospital No. 18, American Expeditionary Forces (John Hopkins Unit)

                Baltimore, Thomsen-Ellis Co., 1919


Anon.  A History of United States Army Base Hospital No. 19, American Expeditionary Forces, Vichy, France

                Rochester, Wezman-Walsh, c.1919

                Stationed at Vichy starting Jun 1918.


Downey GP.  The Story of Field Hospital Number Twenty, Sixth Division, Regular Army

                Staten Island, Press of the Mission of the Immaculate Virgin, 1920


Anon.  The Whipple Review, United States Army General Hospital No. 20

                Prescott, Prescott Courier, 1919


Miller VV.  The History of United States Army Base Hospital No. 22

                Milwaukee, Direct Press, 1941

                Stationed at Bordeaux starting Jun 1918.


Anon.  “Retreat,” The Fort Des Moines Post, U.S.A., General Hospital No. 26

                Des Moines, Homestead Co., 1919


Anon.  U.S. Army General Hospital No. 28, Fort Sheridan, Illinois

                Brooklyn, Mutchler, c.1919

Exclusively photographs of facilities and activities associated with General Hospital No. 28


Anon.  Reveille, Centennial Memorial of Fort Snelling

                Fort Snelling, General Hospital No. 29, 1919

                Contains both a history of the post and information pertaining to General Hospital No. 29


Anon.  “The Record” of Base Hospital Number Thirty during World War I

                [np], c.1919


Schinder M.  The Thirtieth in Two World Wars; The Story of the University of California Medical School Unit

                San Francisco, 1966

                Stationed at Royat starting May 1918.


Kaletzki CH (ed).  Official History, U.S.A. Base Hospital No. 31 of Youngstown, Ohio and Hospital Unit “G” of Syracuse University

                Syracuse, Craftsman Press, 1919

One of the best US hospital histories in terms of completeness and technical detail; served at Contrexeville Jan 1918 – Feb 1919


Anon.  Completion report, US Army General Hospital No. 31

                Carlisle Barracks, 1918 (typescript)


Hitz BD.  A History of Base Hospital 32 (including Unit R) Indianapolis, Edward Kahle Post No. 42 American Legion, 1922

Set up at Contexeville starting Dec 1917; this is a thorough history with good medical statistics and details.


Anon.  History of Camp Hospital 33

                Camp Pontaneuzen France, 1919


Anon.  Report on the Albany Hospital and Medical College Base Unit No. 33

                Albany, [np], 1918.

This small report covers the equipping of the unit through voluntary contributions and addresses only limited military service. Unit roster at time of shipment overseas is included.


Pitts EM.  Base Hospital 34 in the World War

                Philadelphia, Lyon and Armor, 1922

                Stationed at Nantes starting Jan 1918; an artistic and comprehensive volume.


Anon.  Memoir of Base Hospital No. 35, A.P.O. 780

                Los Angeles, 192X


Anon.  A History of United States Army Base Hospital No. 36 (Detroit College of Medicine and Surgery Unit)

                [np], 1919

Arrived Vittel Dec 1917; some limited description and photography of head and facial surgery in several chapters


Anon.  The Thirty-Six Review

                Detroit, 1919

                General Hospital; located in Detroit in a building loaned by Ford.


Coplin WML.  American Red Cross Base Hospital No. 38 in the World War, United  States Army Base Hospital No. 38, Organized under the Auspices of the  Jefferson Medical College and Hospital, Stationed at Nantes, France 1918-1919

                [np], 1923

                Stationed at Nantes in Jul 1918; a florid and somewhat disorganized account.


Combs JH.  Siege of Salisbury Court which Chronicles the Feat of Base Hospital 40 Winning the War

                Lexington, Hurst and Byars Print Co., 1923


Davis AK (ed).  Virginia Military Organizations in the World War

                Richmond, Virginia War History Commission, 1927

Contains several short (approx 7 pages each) summaries of the service of medical units from Virginia that served in World War I: Base Hospital No. 41, 115th Field Hospital, 115th Ambulance Company, 319th Ambulance Company, Sections 516, 517, and 534 Army Ambulance Service


Harris J.  History of the Emory Unit, Base Hospital 43, U.S. Army, American Expeditionary Forces

                Atlanta, Johnson Dallis Co., [nd]

                Stationed at Blois Jul 1918.


Lee WT.  The Battle of Pougues-les-Eaux – A History of Base Hospital No. 44, Organized by the Massachusetts Homeopathic Hospital, Boston, Mass

                New York, Globe Press, c.1923

                Arrived at Pougues Jul 1918; purposefully told in a style that avoids operational detail.


McGuire RR.  The Nurses of Base Hospital No. 45

                [np], c.1932


Wright OB (ed).  On Active Service with Base Hospital 46, U.S.A., Mar. 20, 1918 to May 25, 1919

                Portland, Arcady Press, 1919

                Arrived Bazoil-les-sur-Meuse in Jul 1918.


Matheson M.  48; An Informal and Mostly Pictorial History of Base Hospital 48, 1918-1919

                New York, Veterans U.S. Base Hospital No. 48, 1939

Stationed at Mars-sur-Allier; oddly written account without much operational detail, not as pictorial as you’d expect.


Anon.  The History of Base Hospital Fifty – A Portrayal of the Work done by this unit while serving in the United States Army and with the American Expeditionary Forces in France

                Seattle, 1922

                Stationed at Mesves Aug 1918; many photographs but operational detail is limited.


Anon.  Base Hospital No. 52 War Diary

                [np] 1919

                Small 4 page pamphlet


Anon.  History of Base Hospital Number Fifty-Three, Advance Section, Service of Supply

                Langres, 29th Engineer Base Printing Plant, 1919

                Stationed at Langres Aug 1918; also contains a short history of Hospital Unit “I”.


Anon.  Historical Report, U.S.A. Base Hospital No. 57

                Paris, H. Clarke Printer


Fowler RH.  The War History of United States Army Base Hospital No. 61, A.E.F.

                [np], 1920

                Stationed at Beaune Sep 1918.


Sawyer AR.  United Army Base Hospital 68, AEF, History of Organization and Personnel

                Boston, Griffith-Stilling, 1920


Murphy OA.  Souvenir Booklet of U.S. Veterans Hospital No. 79, Dawson Springs, Kentucky

Dawson Springs, Dawson Printing Co., 1923

Post-war facility for army veterans; specialized in Tuberculosis


Johnson AC. A Short History of United States Base Hospital Number Ninety-Three in the World War

                Spokane, [np], 1920


Anon.  Base Hospital No. 101, American Expeditionary Forces, St. Nazaire, France, 1917-1918-1919

                Denver, L.E. McDermott, 1943


Anon.  History of U.S. Army Base Hospital 107 1918-1919

                Nevers, Fortin, c.1919

                Arrived Mars-sur-Allier Nov 1919; small booklet with limited medical details


Anon.  History of Base Hospital No. 108 in the Great War

                Pasadena, 1920.

                Arrived France Nov 1918 and stationed at Mesves-Bulcey


Clarke CW.  Evacuation 114 As Seen from Within

                Boston, Hudson Print Co., 1919

                A Nurse’s view of service in France with this unit.


Anon.  A History of U.S.A. Base Hospital No. 115, A.P.O. 781, A.E.F., Vichy, Alier, France

                Memphis, Toof, [nd]


Anon.  Base Hospital 116 A.E.F.: Names and Addresses, Officers, Nurses, Enlisted Personnel

                Neufchateau, Beaucolin, c.1919


Sutphen CW.  Base Hospital 123, A Remembrance.

                Newark, [np], 1923

                Located at Mars-sur-Alliers hospital center; began operations Dec 1918


Hoyt CB (ed).  The Story: The History of Field Hospital 139 of Topeka Kansas, in the Great War, 1917-1918-1919

                Topeka, Jones and Birch, 1919

                Part of 35th Division; major service was in Meuse Argonne offensive.


Yates S.  History of the 163rd Field Hospital, American Expeditionary Forces

                Seattle, Moulton Print Co., 1936

Organic element of 41st Division but assigned to First Army and supported other units; irreverent history in which food and drink plays a major part.


Anon.  From reveille to Retreat, Field Hospital 331

                [np], 1920

                This unit served in Italy with the 332nd US Infantry regiment sent to aid the allied effort in that country


Hill H.  Facts and Fancies of the 363rd Field Hospital Co., 316th Sanitary Train, 91st Division, U.S.A. 1917-1919

                Portland, Kleist and Co., Printers, c.1919


Anon.  Chronological History of the 364th Field Hospital Company

                Portland, Portland Print House Co., 1921

Field service began in Sep 1918; part of 91st division and served with that unit in Belgium in Oct-Nov 1918


Anon.  As You Were, 1917-1919, An Illustrated Booklet of the Base Hospital, Camp Jackson, SC

                St. Augustine, Record Co., 1919


Anon.  Lest We Forget, Base Hospital, Camp Lee, Virginia, 1919

                [np], c.1919

                Perhaps the most complete history of a stateside Base Hospital


Anon.  The History of Letterman General Hospital

                San Francisco, Presidio Listening Post, 1919


Michie HC.  History of the United States Army Base Hospital, Camp Grant, Illinois, October 14, 1917 to July 23, 1919

                [np], c.1919 (Typescript – 3 Vols.)


Knauer JG.  Complete History of the United States Army Base Hospital, Camp Meade, Maryland, October 1917 to  June 1919

                [np], c.1919


Anon.  Yearbook, Medical Officers Training Camp, Fort Riley, Kansas, 1917-1918

                Kansas City, Union bank Note Co., c.1918

One of three medical corps basic training posts. Contains rosters of medical personnel trained at this location


McKenna JA. Medical Training Camp, Ft. Oglethorpe, Georgia, August 1917

                [np], c.1917

One of three medical corps basic training posts. Contains rosters and summaries of numerous medical organizations trained at this site in 1917




Histories of Ambulance Units, hospital trains etc.


Anon.  Here’s Now! Cartoons and Pictures of the U.S. Army Ambulance Service in France and Italy

                Philadelphia, GW Clark, 1923


Glazier GW (ed). Memoirs of E. A. C. 7

                [np], [nd]

                Evacuation Ambulance Company, service at front beginning Aug 1918


Brockmanm FE.  Here, There, and Back

                Greenboro, 1925

                31st Ambulance Company


Anon.  History and Latrine Rumor of Ambulance Company 33

                Newark, Essex Press, 1920

Part of 4th Division and saw significant combat service; most of this thick volume is doughboy humour from the unit newspaper, but there is a more typical unit history at the end.


Knipe JL.  History of Hospital Train No. 52 and Its Personnel, American Expeditionary Forces, France, 1917-1919

                Lancaster, 1946


Chaskel W.  History of Ambulance Company No. 105 (Former 4th N.Y. Ambulance Co.), 102nd Sanitary Train, 27th Division, U.S.A.

                Syracuse, Quality Print Shop, c.1919


Terry CR (ed).  The Sanitary Swab, Official Bulletin of the 110th Sanitary Train

                [np], 1919

14 issues of this newsletter were produced overseas (all in 1919); they provided news and happenings of the medical units that were part of the 35th Division (Ambulance Cos. 137-140 and Field Hospitals 137-140).


Robinson RT.  Ambulance Company 113, 29th Division

                Baltimore, Baltimore Press, 1919


Anon.  History of Ambulance Company Number 139

                Kansas City, Callender Print Co., c.1919

                Part of 35th Division with primary action in Meuse Argonne.


Anon.  History of One Hundred and Forty-third Ambulance Company 1917-1919, Amex Forces, United States Army

                Paris, H. Clarke, c.1920


Graham MP.  History of Ambulance Company No. 161, A.E.F., 1917-1919

                Aberdeen, Welsh-Richards Co., 1919

                Organic to 41st Division but assigned to Second Army.


Anon.  Address Roster, 163rd Ambulance Company, Army of Occupation, A.E.F.

                Coblenz, Krabbensche Buchdruckerei, 1919


Bryson RD.  History of Ambulance Company 168

                [np], [nd]


Davis DM.  307 at Home and in France

                Garden City, Country Life Press, 1919


Anon.  History of 308th Ambulance Company, 302nd Sanitary Train, 77th Division, American Expeditionary Forces

                [np], 1919


Fillmore JE.  Three-eleven, Being a Collection of Verse Contributed by Members of the Company, with a Complete History of the Company

                [np], c.1919


Anon.  A.E.F., France, 305 Sanitary Train, Ambulance Company 318

                Philadelphia, EA Wright, 1919


Anon.  A History of the 361st Ambulance Company, 316 Sanitary Train, 91 “Wild West Division”, During Its Training at Camp Lewis, and Its Activities as Part of the American Expeditionary Forces, by Members of the Organization

                [np], c.1919

                As part of 91st Division saw service in Belgium.


Clark GW (ed).  Lest We Forget, A History of Section 503 of the U.S. Army Ambulance Service with the French Army

                Philadelphia, Westminster Press, 1920


Bollman DS.  U.of W. USAAC, A Narrative based on the Experiences of the University of Washington Boys Who Volunteered for Ambulance Service in World War I, with Special Reference to Section 570 and 571

                Seattle, 1950


Millen DC.  Memoirs of 591 in the World War

                Ann Arbor, DC Millen, c.1932


Williams PB.  United States Lawn Tennis Association and the World War

                New York, Robert Hamilton Co., 1921

The USLTA raised funds to equip medical units by holding a series of exhibition matches; this volume contains the histories of Section 603 Army Ambulance Service and Evacuation Ambulance Company 8.


Gum HF (and others).  Ambulance Company Number 354

                [np], 1919

                Served as part of 89th Division in France; St. Mihiel, Meuse Argonne, Army of Occupation


Shafer CW.  Ambulance Company (Number 339), 310th Sanitary Train, 85th Division, Barracks 990

[np], c.1917

Contains a limited history of the formation of the company and detailed biographies of  each member of the unit


Titus JH  History of the 301st Ambulance Company April 1917 – June 1919

                Pittsfield, Sun Printing Company, [nd]

Organic to the 76th Division, this Ambulance Company saw no combat action in France but was assigned to IV Corps as part of the Army of Occupation.


Anon.  301st Sanitary Train, A.E.F.

                [np], [nd]

The 301st Sanitary Train was part of the 76th Division and operated infirmaries, clinics, and small hospitals in support of this unit while in France. Later assigned to 4th Corps.


Anon.  A History of Ambulance Company 359

                Fort Worth, Lowdon Co., [nd]

                Served with 90th Division in St. Mihiel and Meuse Argonne offensives


Bocock JH. Being the Book of SSU 539, USA Ambulance Service with the French Army

                [np], [nd]


Wylie EAG.  History of Section 625 United States Army Ambulance Service with the French Army

                Mayence, Walter’s Print Co., 1919


Bodfish RW.  A History of Section 647, United States Army Ambulance Service with the French Army

                Worcester, Stobbs Press, 1919



Individual memoirs & biographies


Anon.  The American, A Sketch of Frederick Skates Towle, Captain, U.S.M.C.

                Concord, The Rumford Press, 1920

Memorial biography of a doctor who received a commission at the age of 55, served at Base Hospital 3 in New Jersey, and died during a fire which destroyed the officer’s quarters.


*Bernheim, BM.  Passed as Censored

                Philadelphia, J. B. Lippincott Co., 1918

                Memoir by Captain addressing his service with Base Hospital 18. Only covers service through April 1918.


Coleman JL.  The Second

                [np], 1985

                Section 585 Army Ambulance Service?


Cutler GR. Of Battles Long Ago

                Hicksville, Exposition Press, 1979

                Memoirs of an Ambulance Driver with Section 642, Army Ambulance Service


George HC.  A Farrier in Arms

                New York, Pageant Press, 1953

                Memoirs of service with 165th Field Hospital, 42nd Division


Leach MS.  Hill 7 – A Life Sketch of George Elliot Shipley

                Chicago, Willet, Clark, and Co., 1935

                304th Sanitary Train


Scharmach S.  Les Terribles

                New York, Pageant Press, 1967

Diary of enlisted member of 125th Ambulance Company, 32nd Division; all names were deleted by the editor


Turner CW (ed).  War Letters, 1917-1919, of Professor George Junkin Irwin

                Verona, McClure Printing Co., 1976

                Irwin served with SSU 534 in France


Watner AL.  Diary of Corporal Andrew L. Watner, 168th Field Hospital Company (1st Colorado Field Hospital), 117th Sanitary Train, 42nd Division, A.E.F. (September 8, 1917 to April 1919)

                Denver, c.1919





Anon.  Pointing the Way, What Our Government is doing for Men Blinded in the War

                Baltimore, 1918

                Publication by 7th General Hospital








Denis McDonnell, Luc-Daniel Dupire, John Marrin, Steve Tilston, Graham Nelson , David Harrison and Yves Buffetaut who have been the source of so many of the works in the Gillies Library; to Markus Poehlmann and Erich Fritsch for contributing some of the German titles; to Gary Mitchell for his collection of US unit histories and to Jane Plotke and Geoffrey Miller of the WWI list who in commissioning this full bibliography for the WWI Document Archive made sure I finished it.







Dr Andrew Bamji MB FRCP is Consultant Rheumatologist at Queen Mary's Hospital Sidcup, UK, and Curator of the Gillies Archives at the hospital.  He is currently writing a book about facial injury of the Great War based upon the original casenotes from the Queen’s Hospital which are held, together with the Great War Medical Library, in the Frognal Centre for Medical Studies at Queen Mary’s.






Details about the Gillies and Macalister Archives and Library may be found on




An on-line version of the Bibliography is also in the WW1 Document Archive at


© Andrew Bamji

Last updated: 20th April 2002